It begins with the appearance of an itch that persists on the scalp and, when you notice it, small white flakes appear in the hair.
It is the dreaded dandruff that shows up.
But take it easy, as this is one of the most common problems among people.
Although dull, dandruff does not pose any health risks. What happens is an accelerated process in which the cells of the scalp peel off.
But the condition can be favored due to different factors, including how you wash your hair and genetics.
Are we going to get to know this problem better and how to solve it?
- 1 What is dandruff?
- 2 Types
- 3 What are the causes?
- 4 Or that eliminates dandruff?
- 5 How to end dandruff?
- 6 Home remedy for dandruff
- 7 What not to use in hair for dandruff?
- 8 Can I get rid of dandruff permanently?
What is dandruff?
Clinically called seborrheic dermatitis on the scalp , dandruff consists of an inflammation of the scalp, which causes an accelerated scaling.
Under normal conditions, the cells of our scalp are renewed every 14 days, with flaking and renewal occurring. But as it is slow and in small quantities, we do not notice.
However, who suffers from dandruff has this process very accelerated, making the signs of flaking evident.
This generally causes small white flakes to accumulate on the shoulders, clothing and neck.
In some cases the flakes can also be yellow, cause a lot of itching and spots on the scalp, followed by irritation and sores.
Dandruff arises due to the occurrence of large production of oil, sebaceous glands or the presence of some fungus on the scalp.
It is recommended to make an appointment with the dermatologist, who will be able to better investigate the case.
Although dandruff is the scaling of the scalp, it can be classified into 2 types. Are they:
The flaking causes small flakes, similar to snow, that fall on the shoulders. The dandruff in this case is small, thin, white in color.
The type of oily dandruff does not completely detach from the scalp, and may get caught in the hair or close to the scalp. It is often accompanied by irritation, itching and redness.
Its size is a little bigger and the color is yellowish
What are the causes?
Dandruff is caused by a fungus, called Malassezia, that proliferates at the root of the hair causing inflammation. This speeds up the flaking of the fabric, causing the flakes to appear.
Some of the external factors that can cause dandruff are:
- Scalp moisture;
- Aggressive hair products;
- Calcareous water;
- Imbalance in food;
- Very hot water.
But dandruff can also indicate the presence of a disease, such as psoriasis, allergies or diabetes, which can have similar reactions, causing the skin to dry out and peel faster.
Or that eliminates dandruff?
Some cases, to eliminate dandruff permanently, you need expert guidance, because only with targeted treatments for each patient is it possible to solve the problem.
But in general, there are simple measures that help to control and prevent dandruff from the scalp, such as:
Take care of washing and drying
Starting with the washing of the hair itself, which, in general, must be done every other day to avoid causing more oiliness. The shampoo should be applied with the fingertips massaging lightly.
Avoid the heat that can harm the scaling of the scalp, both in the shower and in the hair dryer.
So, when drying your hair, choose to leave the air warm or cold.
Don’t let your hair get wet
Avoid sleeping with wet hair, as the scalp is more prone to the proliferation of fungi, in addition to smothering the scalp by stimulating the production of oiliness in the area.
Avoid wearing caps
If you have oily hair, avoid wearing a cap and hats, as they can favor the proliferation of fungi on the scalp.
Reduce gel and dry shampoo
The use of hair gel needs to be moderate due to this product closing the pores of the scalp, which can cause or aggravate dandruff. It is also necessary to manage the use of dry shampoo, which can have the same effect.
Consult the dermatologist
Consulting a dermatologist is the best way to prevent or treat the problem.
Depending on the type of dandruff, the dermatologist can analyze the case and recommend some medications, such as keratolytic and antifungal shampoo, antifungal lotions, corticosteroids, among others.
How to end dandruff?
Check out tips on how to end dandruff in different situations:
On the scalp
There are cases in which even with the care indicated to end dandruff on the scalp, such as avoiding caps and washing the hair properly, it does not diminish or resolve itself.
In such cases, it is possible to use anti-dandruff shampoo, which will help to maintain the structure of the scalp with less aggression.
There are several brands on the market, among them:
- Shampoo Elseve Hydra Detox Anticaspa;
- Daily Detox Clear Anti-Dandruff Shampoo ;
- Monange Anti-Dandruff Shampoo ;
- Shampoo Phytoervas Anticaspa;
- Palmolive Naturals Anti-Dandruff Shampoo Classic ;
- Dove Men + Care Anti-Dandruff Shampoo .
If, even with the use of shampoos, dandruff continues, the best thing to do is to have a dermatological consultation.
The professional will analyze the scalp and know how to determine the cause of the problem.
The dermatologist may recommend the use of medications and medicated shampoos, which contain corticosteroids or ketoconazole (antifungal) in their composition.
In the beard
Just as dandruff occurs on the scalp, it can also appear on men’s beards.
This happens because the skin of the face is dry, causing a peeling process.
To prevent this from occurring or to treat the case, the ideal is to use a shampoo for beard, this type of cosmetic tends to hydrate the region, reducing dandruff and preventing the formation of it.
A second way to prevent dandruff from appearing is to use an aftershave balm or treatment oil to better hydrate your face.
There are several types of shampoos on the market, there are also 3 in 1 shampoos, which take care of the beard, hair and skin. Among the options there are different brands:
Shampoo for beard
So, as there is a shampoo to clean hair and scalp, there are also shaving.
The shampoo for the beard is intended to clean the area properly, preventing itching, redness and dryness. Among the options available are:
- Shampoo Bio Extratus Homem 3 in 1 ;
- Shampoo de Beard S. Fioretti Viking ;
- Beard Shampoo and Lumberjack Barba Forte Hair ;
- Hair, Beard and Mustache Shampoo ;
- GO Beard Shampoo. Fresh ;
- GO Beard Shampoo. Hop.
Beard oil can be used for the growth and health of beard hair, it also helps them to become stronger and not to break easily. As the product helps hydration, it acts by reducing itchiness and skin peeling:
- Moisturizing Oil for Beard GO. Fresh ;
- Urban Men Ipa Beer Beard Oil ;
- Óleo de Barba Redken Brews Beard and Skin;
- Clarins Men Shave Ease Oil Shaving Oil ;
- Premium Beard Oil and Lunix Mustache .
The balm is a kind of fine cream, which aims to refresh the skin, cleanse and tone the beard region. Thus, avoiding flaking and dandruff.
- Granado Aftershave Balm ;
- Beard Balm GO. Hops ;
- Balm Aftershave Bio Extratus Homem ;
- Balm de Barba S. Fioretti Viking .
In curly hair
All types of hair are susceptible to problems with dandruff for different reasons.
Curly hair, in general, has a tendency to dandruff due to the excessive production of oil and the accumulation of products on the scalp.
One of the ways to end dandruff is to rinse the scalp well after any treatment and always correctly following the recommendations for use and interval of application.
Using anti-residue shampoo helps to control dandruff better. Prefer it and avoid passing any other hair product on the root.
Try bathing with warm or cold water so as not to cause dryness or irritation of the scalp. This prevents oil production from increasing.
Shampoo options include:
- Charis Intensive Anti-Residue Shampoo;
- Shampoo Anti-resíduos Detox Therapy Haskell;
- Shampoo Anti Resíduos Amend Hair Dry.
After the progressive
After the progressive brush, the scalp may become sensitive, generating the appearance of dandruff that is characterized as post-progressive flaking.
It is important not to tear off the peels that form on the scalp, as it may end up hurting the area even more.
The best way to get rid of post-progressive dandruff is by moistening hair (using oils to nourish the hair) or using a hair cleansing cream.
These two processes help to end dandruff without harming the straightening, in addition to calming the scalp.
Wetting can be done with coconut oil or cleansing cream, it is necessary to pass over the scalp massaging lightly. Leave on for 30 minutes, then rinse the scalp.
Wetting or cleaning replaces the shampoo, so you can use the conditioner afterwards with care, being deposited only on the ends of the hair.
Home remedy for dandruff
There are some ways to combat dandruff with home remedies, some of the most used are:
Apple cider vinegar can help in the treatment for dandruff, as it is used to reduce the oiliness of the hair due to its astringent action, capable of closing the hair cuticles.
Take 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar and dilute it in 150 mL of water. Take another vegetable oil, it can be almond or coconut, and add 1 tbsp. Mix everything and set aside.
Apply this mixture on the scalp and let it act for 15 minutes, rinsing and shampooing afterwards. This mixture will help in controlling dandruff, fighting fungi and bacteria.
Coconut oil is used for several purposes, one of which is in the treatment of dandruff, in which it moisturizes the scalp, preventing dryness.
In addition, it acts by giving strength to the wires.
You can make a hair mask . For this, it is necessary to separate a container and mix 2 tablespoons of the coconut oil with 2 tablespoons of the hair moisturizer of your choice.
After mixing, pass the length of the ends of the strands, to hydrate and give strength to the hair.
It is also possible to use the oil alone, passing directly to the hair root and let it act for 20 minutes. Then wash your hair thoroughly with shampoo.
For those who have oily hair, this technique is not recommended because it can increase oiliness, but those who have only the oily root can use it, remembering to rinse the threads well.
Read more: Coconut oil in hair: what are the benefits?
Aloe vera, also known as aloe vera, is a plant with anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties, which can help in the treatment of dandruff.
It can be used in the format of oil bought in natural products houses or the gel directly from the plant. Pass the product on the scalp, massaging lightly. Leave on for 30 minutes, after that wash the scalp to remove.
What not to use in hair for dandruff?
There are homemade recipes with several ingredients and components that promise to rid the scalp of the dreaded dandruff, but be careful, as not all are reliable.
Try not to use:
Lemon is a fruit used for various purposes in food and gastronomy, but it is not recommended to use on hair. It contains a lot of acidity which causes dryness of the wires. In addition to being able to stain the scalp or hurt the skin.
Baking soda is used in different recipes, but don’t try to use it to fight dandruff. It can reduce oiliness, but in an extreme way leaving hair dry and fragile. In addition to making the strands become more brittle.
Aspirin is an oral medicine, some tutorials indicate the use of dandruff pills. In addition to there being no research or indications that the drug works with topical use, it can end up weakening the strands.
Can I get rid of dandruff permanently?
So-so. With the right treatments, it is possible to solve the problem of dandruff. However, it can easily return if the health of the scalp is not maintained.
Therefore, after treatments, constant care must be maintained.
Dandruff causes a lot of itching and can cause embarrassment in the person who has it. Nobody deserves to suffer for this evil, right?
Share this text with more people so they know ways to get rid of dandruff!