Burning sensation in the throat

Burning in the throat is a common symptom that can have many causes; The most common are:

Often the consumption of hot and spicy foods is also responsible for the burning sensation in the mouth and throat.

Burning sore throat is caused by inflammation:

In addition, swallowing difficulties may occur.


Concomitant symptoms of throat burning

The burning and scratching in the throat may occur along with the following symptoms:

  • cough, especially with gastroesophageal reflux;
  • hoarseness, if the cause is laryngitis;
  • fatigue, for example in respiratory infections such as pneumonia;
  • Fever;
  • enlarged lymph nodes on the neck, in case of upper respiratory tract infections (throat, tonsils, etc.).

Causes of burning in the throat

The burning sensation in the throat and irritation can last for days or weeks and occur especially at certain times of the year.
If the throat is irritated due to an allergic reaction to airborne particles (e.g. pollen), treatment becomes more complicated.

Why does an allergy cause a sore throat?
Retronasal dripping is the main culprit in allergy-related sore throat.
It arises as a result of contact with an allergen, when the inflammatory fluid that forms in the nasal cavities runs into the throat.
This causes:

  • Ache
  • Irritation
  • Burn.

As symptoms of allergy may appear:

  • burning and irritation of the throat and nose,
  • Pressure on the chest.

The allergic reaction to pollutants in the air, food and other allergens can trigger:

Overused voice
Anyone who sings or speaks loudly for a long time may feel a burning sensation in their throat.
This is the result of overuse of the vocal cords.

Infection is caused by pathogenic or harmful microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, etc.) or viruses that enter the body and multiply there.
If the number of microorganisms is small, the immune system fights the invaders and the person shows no symptoms. With a high number, inflammation develops.
Inflammation is a defense mechanism of the organism against chemical substances, harmful microorganisms, trauma, etc. to eliminate the cause and repair the tissues.

It is characterized as follows:

  • dilation of blood vessels to allow more blood to reach the affected area;
  • accumulation of inflammatory fluid;
  • high white blood cell count.

These tissue changes cause the following symptoms:

  • Reddening
  • overheating,
  • Ache.

In addition, with severe inflammation, swelling may occur.

Sore throat and cough could be caused by a viral infection if the following symptoms also become noticeable:

  1. Mild fever
  2. Swallowing
  3. Headache
  4. Nasal congestion

A bacterial throat infection causes:

  • Sore throat
  • high fever,
  • enlarged lymph nodes on the neck,
  • whitish coating on the almonds.

Among the less common causes is diphtheria – an infectious disease caused by the pathogen Corynebacterium diphtheriae that hits the nose and throat.

Pharyngitis caused by streptococci: This bacterial infection is caused by the pathogen Streptococcus pyogenes. In addition to the sore throat, the following symptoms are typical:

Other common causes

  • Hot and spicy food
  • Indigestions
  • Stress, anxiety, etc., because these disorders can cause physical symptoms, including burning in the throat.
  • Smoking is another reason for burning in the mouth and throat.
  • Vomiting: After vomiting, a burning sensation is usually felt, due to the acid, which rises from the stomach into the esophagus to the mouth.

Burning in the throat and dry cough


Allergies: The most common allergenic substances include:

  • Dust
  • Pollen
  • Mould
  • Pet Hair
  • Dust mites

As a result of coughing, a sore throat develops.

Gastroesophageal reflux: The reason is a dysfunction of the closing mechanism between the stomach and esophagus: the lower esophageal sphincter.
This structure has the task:

  • to allow the food to pass from the esophagus into the stomach,
  • prevent the rise of stomach contents.

In case of dysfunction of the sphincter, the food and acidic fluids located in the stomach flow back into the esophagus up to the throat, where they can damage the mucous membrane and provoke ulcers.
Symptoms include:

  • burning in the throat,
  • pain behind the sternum,
  • dry cough
  • Bad breath.

Virus infections: A contagious viral infection of the upper respiratory tract is the main reason for an inflamed throat and dry cough.
There may be an infection of the paranasal sinuses (sinusitis), which leads to a sore throat.
Other viral infections with the same symptomatology are:

  • Chickenpox
  • Measles
  • Glandular fever.

Bacterial infections: Some bacterial infections can cause a burning sensation in the throat, for example:

  • whooping cough, can cause persistent cough and breathing problems;
  • brucellosis, can also lead to pneumonia;
  • Streptococcal infection, such as bacterial pharyngitis.

Irritants in the environment: Toxic gases and chemical substances can cause irritation or congestion in the throat. This also includes:

  • cigarette smoke (tobacco and electronic),
  • Exhaust
  • chemical products (e.g. household cleaners).

Dry air: In winter, the heating air in the rooms reduces the humidity. The dry air irritates the mucous membranes and respiratory tract and can cause a sore throat and cough.

Other causes:

  1. Alcohol
  2. Climate change
  3. Surgery on the neck

Morning burning in the throat

If you sleep or snore with your mouth open, you may feel a burning sensation in your throat when you wake up, for example:

This symptom can also occur with hay fever (allergic rhinitis), coupled with nasal congestion.

What to do? Treatment for burning in the throat

For a painful, burning throat can be used:

  • over-the-counter medications,
  • Household remedies.

Over-the-counter medications such as sprays and lozenges are used to relieve a sore throat.

The symptoms of an allergy, cold and flu can be cured with medications, such as:

  • Paracetamol
  • Aspirin.

Antibiotics: If a sore throat is due to a bacterial infection, an antibiotic is an option, such as amoxillin (Augmentin).

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as:

  • Ketoprofen (alrheumun),
  • nimesulide,
  • Ibuprofen (Dolormin).

In severe cases, the doctor may also prescribe cortisone-containing agents, such as betamethasone (Betnesol).

A doctor should always be consulted before taking medicines.

Natural remedies and home remedies for burning in the throat

Garlic is effective against numerous viruses and fungi.
For a sore throat provoked by viral infection, it is recommended to eat a few cloves of garlic. These can be eaten alone or added to other raw foods, such as salad.
Garlic is one of the simplest and most effective home remedies for a sore throat.

Oral hygiene
It is important to brush your teeth at least twice a day, because bacteria in the mouth can worsen the infection in the throat. White tongue coating should be brushed off regularly.

Hot drinks To relieve burning in the throat, hot drinks
, such as herbal tea, are recommended. Peppermint and chamomile tea relieve strep throat.

For the preparation of an effective drink are mixed together:

  • 1 tbsp honey, honey has antibacterial properties;
  • 1 tsp apple cider vinegar, has antibacterial properties;
  • lemon juice, considered a natural disinfectant;
  • 1 pinch of turmeric, has antibacterial properties;
  • 1 glass of hot water.

This drink should be drunk twice a day.

Healthy nutrition
A burning sensation due to reflux can be reduced to a minimum if spicy and fatty foods are avoided. A balanced diet, rich in vitamin C and zinc, strengthens the immune system.

Lots of vitamin C contain:

  • Lemons
  • Broccoli
  • Oranges and other citrus fruits
  • Arugula (rocket)
  • Kiwi

Zinc-rich foods are:

  • Bananas
  • Chicken
  • Eggs
  • Nuts
  • Salmon

Red elm The red elm
is considered one of the best herbal remedies for an inflamed neck.

Apple cider vinegar
An old home remedy for sore throat:

  • Fill 1 glass with lukewarm water.
  • Add 1 tbsp apple cider vinegar.
  • Gargle with it and spit out.

Apple cider vinegar is acidic enough to kill bacteria.

Salt water
Gargling with salt water cleanses the throat.

  • Add 1-2 pinches of salt to a glass of lukewarm water.
  • Gargle with it 3 to 4 times a day for quick relief.

Lifestyle change 
Quit smoking is one of the safest ways to prevent throat irritation.

Stress can have negative effects on digestion and general health.

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