Burning in the mouth is an irritating sensation on the tongue and palate, but it can occur anywhere in the mouth or throat.

The burning mouth sensation may begin for no apparent reason and may persist for months or even years. 
There are times when a person sits at the table and is so hungry that he does not consider the temperature of the food on the plate.

It is possible to burn the mucous membrane of the mouth if the food is very hot. 
Although the effects are not permanent and devastating, they can cause discomfort for a few days.

In addition to burning in the mouth, a metallic taste or a sour mouth sensation may also be present  . 
Many people report having a dry mouth , but usually examination of the mucous membrane of the mouth reveals a normal amount of saliva. 
Burning pain can be very serious and can cause depression and anxiety for chronic pain.


The oral burning syndrome

Burning mouth syndrome (or stomatoprosis) is a disorder characterized by chronic or recurrent burning in the mucosa of the mouth. 
The discomfort can affect the tongue, gums, lips, inner cheeks, palate or some diffuse areas of the mouth. 
The blistering syndrome occurs suddenly and can be severe, as if the mouth were burned.


Causes of burning sensation in the mouth

Generally, the burning sensation in the mouth is caused by eating too much hot food. 
Another frequent way to burn your tongue or mouth is to drink coffee in an isolated cup. 
There are a few cups of coffee that do not allow the heat to come out to the outside of the cup. 
This makes it difficult to estimate the coffee temperature. 
It is also possible to burn the mouth when eating a pizza. 
The cheese on top of the pizza is very hot and if the person eats without considering the temperature, it can suffer an ugly burn.

Causes of
Burning Mouth Syndrome Burning mouth syndrome can be classified as primary or secondary.

Primary oral burning syndrome
When clinical or laboratory abnormalities can not be identified, the disease is called primary or idiopathic burning mouth syndrome. 
Some studies have shown that primary oral burning syndrome is related to problems with the sense of taste or the sensory nerves of the nervous system.

Secondary Burning Syndrome
Sometimes the burning mouth syndrome is caused by a disease. In these cases, it is called secondary burning mouth syndrome. 
The underlying problems that can cause secondary burning mouth syndrome are:

  • Dry mouth (xerostomia) can be caused by different medications, diseases, problems with the functionality of the salivary glands or is due to the side effects of treatment for cancer. 
    Among the effects of radiation therapy and chemotherapy  are also  nauseaand vomiting that complicate the situation.
  • Other diseases of the oral cavity , for example, a yeast infection ( candida in the mouth ), an inflammatory disease called oral lichen planus or a disease known as a geographical language, which gives the tongue a map-like appearance.
  • Mouth sores: the sores are painful ulcers, and pale yellow with a red outer ring. Wounds develop on the lips and mouth, especially on the sides.
  • The stomatitis can cause the formation of ulcers and can also affect children. 
    Thrills are not contagious and can appear due to illnesses such as colds  or flustress or lack of certain vitamins.
  • Throat cancer:  the cancer of the throat  can cause swelling and persistent bleeding, ulcers or lumps on the tongue with spots white or red mouth. 
    Anyone can have oral cancer, but chewing tobacco or drinking alcohol increases the risk.
  • Bubbles herpes: the labial herpes causes the formation of small , painful blisters and filled with fluid. It is caused by the herpes simplex virus  that lives in moist areas of the body like mouth, lips, nostrils and groin. These formations are very contagious and can cause tingling or burning . 
  • Nutritional deficiencies such as deficiency of iron , zinc, folic acid (vitamin B-9), thiamine (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2), pyridoxine (vitamin B-6) and cobalamin (vitamin B-12).
  • Dentures, especially if they do not fit well because they can strain some muscles and tissues of the mouth or contain materials that irritate the tissues of the mouth.
  • Allergy or reaction to food, for example food flavorings, other food additives, perfumes, dyes or substances used by the dentist.
  • Pineapples can cause minor skin irritations because it is very acidic. 
    When we eat this fruit or drink its juice, we can feel burning , itching and pain in the tongue . In case of developing severe pain, itching, burning or swelling in the tongue after eating the pineapple, it is necessary to talk to the doctor.
  • Pepper, the capsaicin contained in the pepper can irritate the mouth and eyes, causing intense burning. 
    The first thing to do is drink milk. 
    For eyes it is possible to moisten a cotton ball with milk and then gently tamp them. 
    The effect of milk is very fast.
  • Disease gastroesophageal reflux that reaches the mouth from the stomach. It is one of the main reasons for the burning sensation in the mouth during pregnancy due to the pressure the child exerts on the stomach. 
    It usually occurs after eating within the next 3/4 hours.
  • Some medicines, especially those for  high blood pressure , called ACE inhibitors (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors).
  • Bruxism , biting the tip of the tongue and grinding the teeth.
  • Endocrine disorders, such as diabetes or thyroid disorders (eg, hypothyroidism ).
  • Mouth irritation caused by tongue brushing , use of abrasive toothpastes, mouthwash or acidic drinks such as lemon.
  • Psychological factors such as anxiety , depression or stress .


Signs and symptoms of oral burning syndrome

The burning sensation in the mouth of varying intensity is the main symptom of the disease and can persist for months or years. 
For many people, the burning sensation begins in the late morning, worsens in the late afternoon and improves at night.

Some people feel constant pain; for others the pain comes and goes. 
If burning mouth syndrome causes chronic pain, it is easy for the patient to have anxiety and depression. 
Other symptoms of oral burning syndrome include:

  • The patient reports a pin or pepper sensation in the mouth;
  • Tingling or numbness in the tip of the tongue or in the mouth;
  • Bitter or metallic taste;
  • Dry mouth;
  • Pain in the mouth.


How is the diagnosis of oral burn syndrome diagnosed?

For the  safe diagnosis a team of specialists is made up of a dentist, an endocrinologist, a stomatologist and a neuropsychiatrist.

Burning mouth syndrome is diagnosed:

  • By controlling the clinical symptoms,
  • Making sure that the mouth is not inflamed and that there are no lesions,
  • Excluding other diseases such as infections , diabetes, oral candida or vitamin deficiency.

If these disorders are not among the causes, the diagnosis of the mouth that burns is made.


Medications and treatment for burning mouth

There is no effective method for treating the primary type of oral burning syndrome. 
There are no studies that show the most effective methods. 
The treatment varies according to the specific signs and symptoms, and with the underlying conditions that may cause discomfort in the mouth. 
For example, replacing the denture or taking supplements for a vitamin deficiency can alleviate the discomfort. 
That is why it is important to try to identify the cause. 
Once the underlying disease is cured, the symptoms of burning mouth syndrome should pass.


Home Remedies for Oral Burn Syndrome

The burning sensation in the mouth is a symptom of a disease and, therefore, does not serve a specific treatment. 
The treatment serves to cure the main cause of the problem. 
Treatment for burning mouth syndrome is very difficult if the specific cause is not found.

In such cases, the goal of treatment is to control the symptoms. 
Here are some home remedies for oral burning syndrome:

Ice: This is the most popular remedy for treating a burning tongue. 
Put a small cube of ice in your mouth and suck slowly. 
The cold numbs the tongue and you no longer feel the burning sensation. In addition, the water that comes from melting ice can ease the feeling of dry mouth.

Aloe Vera Gel: The topical application of fresh aloe vera gel can cure the problem. 
Cut a fresh sheet of aloe vera and apply the gel that leaves it on the tongue with tingling. 
For faster results, it is necessary to apply the gel several times a day. 
Every time the gel is placed, you get a pleasant and relaxing sensation on the tongue.

Lavender oil: The antiseptic properties of lavender oil have a curative effect on the burning sensation in the mouth. 
This substance stimulates blood circulation and facilitates rapid healing of the problem. 
Put a few drops of lavender oil on a cotton ball and apply it over the tongue and mouth. 
Repeat this process every night before bedtime to have a rapid blazing improvement.

Drink lots of water: the burning on the tongue gives a constant thirst and therefore the person feels the need to drink water constantly. 
When the person drinks water, the thirst sensation calms and decreases the intensity of the burning in the mouth. 
Start the day by drinking at least 1-2 glasses of water. Drink 8-10 glasses of water during the day and check if the mouth is dry.

The natural remedies mentioned above are useful if the person does not ingest food and drinks which can further aggravate the problem. 
Hot and spicy foods, mint, cinnamon and in general liquids and foods that tend to acidity, tea, coffee and alcohol should be strictly avoided. 
Eat normal, spice-free food such as cooked vegetables, fresh fruit juices and greens to reduce pain.


Natural Remedies and Food for Burning in the Mouth

Water is considered the best remedy for a burning mouth. However, there may be times when water is not readily available. 
In this case, you can try the following solutions:

  • Chewing gum: To eliminate the burning sensation, it is possible to chew a chewing gum. However, it may take a long time before the symptoms pass.
  • Yeast Powder: One of the effective home remedies for treating a burning mouth is baking powder. Although not a frequent treatment option, it can be an effective therapy. 
    All one needs to do is apply a little powder on the area with blazing.
  • Turmeric: Turmeric is an effective antiseptic and has healing properties. It is possible to prepare a mixture with clarified butter and turmeric and then apply it on the side of the mouth that bothers.
  • Sugar: Sugar also relieves burns. 
    Put the sugar on your tongue and press it lightly against the palate to touch the section where it burns. 
    There are a few things you need to remember to avoid a worsening of the burning area.
  • While the patient is not cured, only eat when the food is cold.
  • Avoid eating foods with sharp edges, such as chips and toast. These foods can injure the burning part and cause pain.
  • Avoid spicy food as much as it can make the mouth irritation worse.
  • It is advisable to use warm lemonade instead of hot drinks such as tea, coffee or hot chocolate.
  • Foods rich in vitamin B are useful in the daily diet.
  • Until the burn is cured, avoid using oral hygiene products such as the mouthwash because they contain chemicals that can make the situation worse.


Diet and nutrition against burning in the mouth

Conventional medicine does not give specific advice to people suffering from oral burning syndrome, in addition to the usual recommendations to avoid overeating, eating fruits and vegetables and “a little bit of everything.”

There are two very interesting food approaches because they have enabled many people to control illness without taking medication:

  • The blood type diet of Dr. D’Adamo / Mozzi
    According to this theory, one should choose foods according to the blood type. For example, people with blood type 0 can eat meat and fish, but may have health problems with fruits and cereals with gluten . 
    In particular, those responsible for oral burning may be excess seeds and hard-shelled fruits (in people with type 0 and B blood) or red meat ( for group A ), but all should avoid pork, milk and dairy products .
  • According to Lezaeta’s natural hygiene and natural medicine , the classification of health problems that doctors make is not important because all the disorders are caused by incorrect eating, wrong food combinations and bad lifestyle. 
    To heal, Hygienist Shelton advises a diet based on raw fruits and vegetables, nuts, seeds, vegetables and potatoes. 
    Avoid as much as possible cooked foods and especially those that are processed and processed, sold in supermarkets. 
    The fruit should be eaten at least half an hour before the meal and you should not mix carbohydrates with proteins (eg, vegetables and potatoes).
    Vegetables can be ingested with other foods, except fruits. 
    It is necessary to eat few foods at every meal, regardless of the amount that should be proportional to the needs of the individual. 
    Avoid eating before you have digested the previous meal; for example, it takes four hours to digest protein-based meals.

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