Burning in the genital area and vaginal itching are disorders that affect women worldwide.
It is important to recognize the specific causes, because the therapy is only successful if the source of the problem is eliminated.
The causes of vaginal burning include:
- sexually transmitted diseases;
- vaginal infections or vaginitis;
- vaginal irritation caused by chemicals in soaps, detergents and hygiene products;
Burning in the genital area is not a symptom of pregnancy.
General causes of vaginal burning
1. Sexually transmitted infections, for example:
- Genital herpes
- Condyloma genital
They can cause vaginal itching, irritation, and other symptoms.
For vaginal mycoses, the doctor may prescribe Travocort (diflucortolone valerate and isoconazole nitrate).
2.Vaginal yeast is a yeast infection, also known as Candida vaginalis.
3. Pregnancy, sexual intercourse, antibiotics and a weakened immune system can promote infection by Candida vaginalis in women.
4. Menopause. The decline in estrogen production that presents during menopause can lead to vaginal tissue loss and vaginal dryness. This can cause itching and irritation.
Vaginal tissue loss can also become a problem in breastfeeding women.
5. Irritants. Some chemicals can irritate the vulva and vagina, such as:
- contraceptive foam,
- perfumed toilet paper,
- Fabric softener.
6. Lichen sclerosus. This is a rare condition characterized by white spots on the skin, especially around the vagina. The spots can leave permanent scars in the vaginal region. Postmenopausal women are more likely to develop this condition.
7. Cystitis and inflammatorycystitis. Interstitial cystitis is a chronic cystitis that:
- pelvic pain,
- frequent urination and
- causes increased urination.
Symptoms of cystitis include:
- vaginal burning,
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
The therapy for cystitis consists in the administration of antibiotics, for example, Monuril granules.
8. Caesarean section. After a caesarean section, burning in the genital area (in the scar area) can also occur for several months.
It is necessary to massage the scar and apply creams or gels according to the recommendation of the gynecologist.
Medical professionals at the University of Maryland Medical Center refer to non-infectious vaginitis as a type of vaginal irritation that is not caused by a bacterial or viral infection.
Many non-infectious vaginal infections are caused by irritation of:
- chemical substances in soaps and other hygiene products.
Atrophic vaginitis is caused by a decrease in hormones associated with:
- ovarian removal,
Both non-infectious forms of vaginitis can cause vaginal burning and other symptoms.
Burning in the genital area in children
Even a little girl may feel vaginal burning. Bacterial vaginitis is very common in girls between two and four years of age. It occurs when the bacteria move from the skin to the inside of the vagina and cause:
Appropriate hygiene can prevent bacterial vaginosis. Mothers must teach the girls about proper personal hygiene.
Vaginal itching is very common in little girls.
A girl with vulvovaginitis scratches herself in the vaginal area or complains of pain or burning when urinating.
Before puberty, the skin around the vaginal area is often very sensitive and can redden and become inflamed due to various irritating substances.
One of the most common causes is soap or shampoo.
Many small children bathe in a bubble bath and parents forget to rinse the children thoroughly from the soap foam after playing sitting in it.
Another very common reason is inadequate toilet hygiene. If girls are raised to clean, parents must teach them to clean themselves after urination. This is a matter that is sometimes forgotten due to the joy of success on the potty.
On the other hand, rubbing too hard after urination can cause irritation and itching.
Intestinal parasites Rarely, vaginal burning can be provoked by the presence of intestinal parasites
(oxyurs), which resemble small thread particles and are about the size of a centimeter. Usually, these parasites cause itching around the area, but it can also occur inside the vulva and vagina.
Oxyures tend to cause nocturnal symptoms when they migrate to the region.
If they are detected, then they are easily diagnosed by a stool examination and can be treated without difficulty.
- As little girls approach their eighth or ninth year of life, the vaginal itching may be caused by a yeast infection, such as candida. Yeast is part of the natural vaginal flora, but if there is too much proliferation, it can lead to inflammation that causes burning, redness and irritation and can lead to abundant white discharge.
Even a tiny piece of toilet paper in the area of the vaginal entrance can cause infection and a slight vaginal burning.
- Diaper erythema in newborns and infants must not only occur in the zone and buttocks, but can also affect the vaginal area and also promote yeast growth.
Most of these problems are easily treated by a doctor or pediatrician.
Urinary tract infections are a recurring problem for women throughout their lives. The reason why women are more likely to suffer from urinary tract infections is that the tube that connects their bladder to the outside, called a urethra or urethra, is very short. This means that bacteria can very easily spread up into the bladder.
Men do not have this problem, as they have a much longer urethra.
Little girls (rarely boys) can also develop bladder reflux, in which the flow of urine accumulates in the tubes, called ureters or ureters, instead of flowing normally from the kidneys to the bladder.
This disease is often diagnosed in children who have had inflammation of the urinary tract. The infection can lead to a narrowing in the urethral system, which causes swelling of the ureters.
What is the therapy for itching, burning and irritation of the vagina?
The vaginal irritation often disappears on its own. If it persists for a long time, is severe or returns after treatment, a doctor should be consulted.
The doctor examines the patient and takes a swab from the vagina to find the cause of the problem.
Depending on the cause of vaginal burning, the disease is treated. For example:
- Sexually transmitted diseases are often treated with antibiotics.
- Candida vaginalis is treated with antifungal drugs and a change in diet.
A cream with clotrimazole (for example, Gyno-Canesten) can be applied, which helps with:
– itching, – swelling,
– burning of the vaginal mucosa.
Those who suffer from this condition should consume more yogurt, but avoid sweets.
In the case of vaginal fungus, washes can be performed, but with water and sodium bicarbonate or tea tree oil, because the use of soaps can worsen the symptoms in the vagina.
There are other factors that cause burning in the intimate area in Candida, such as stress and anxiety.
Symptoms worsen before menstruation and when the vaginal region is washed with detergents that are less mild.
- Itching associated with menopause can be treated with estrogen-containing creams or tablets.
- Other forms of itching and irritation respond well to steroid-containing creams or lotions that relieve inflammation.
- The prescription of steroid-containing creams can relieve irritation in existing lichen sclerosus.
Home remedies for burning in the genital area
The following natural remedies are used to relieve burning in the female genital area after sexual intercourse.
There are some effective ways to relieve the burning sensation after sexual intercourse. Some examples are listed below:
- Showering: after sexual intercourse, it is recommended to shower or bathe, rinsing the vagina with cold or warm water over a movable shower head.
If you believe that the burning sensation is caused by a sperm allergy, you can then take a hot bath and wash out the vagina thoroughly. After the vagina has been cleaned, pat well with a soft and clean cloth.
- Cooling: after thorough cleaning, place on a comfortable surface and expose the vagina to cold air. If it burns strongly, you could put an ice pack on the vagina for a short time or use a lidocaine-containing cream (for example dolocupine).
- Soothing gel: with dry and clean fingers you can apply aloe vera (a soothing natural product) to the outer areas of the vagina.
- Sodium bicarbonate: some women have found that applying a mixture of sodium bicarbonate reduces vaginal burning. To do this, dissolve 3 tablespoons of sodium bicarbonate in a cup of cold water and apply with a cloth.
- Avoid colorful underwear and the use of tampons, as they can irritate the vagina.
- Washing the vagina – washing the area with cold water brings relief, but in the case of vulvodynia, warm water is better.
- Wear comfortable cotton underwear and avoid tight clothing as skin and vagina need to breathe.
String thongs are not recommended because they irritate the vagina.
- Hydration and nutrition – to prevent burning in the intimate area, a diet with natural foods is essential. Processed, fried and sweet foods favor the development of infection and inflammation.If the urine is yellow, burning may increase during urination; in this case, one should drink more and eat more fruits and vegetables (since they contain a lot of liquid).
- Sports activities in the fresh air are important, even in winter. Many people believe that medicines are sufficient for health, but if you really want to be healthy, you have to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables and give the body the opportunity to release the toxins through the skin, bowel movements and deep breathing.
- faster blood circulation, i.e. a lot of blood reaches the skin,
- sweating, as a result of which the waste products of digestion are excreted,
- deep breathing, which allows the release of toxins and relaxation.
Vaginal burning is not an expected and feared consequence of sexual intercourse. It must not interfere with sex life and lead to avoiding intimate contacts with the partner.
Should you change the soap if you burn in the genital area?
Itching and irritation can be caused by chemical substances, in:
- Toilet paper.
One should try a composition with an appropriate pH without fragrances. By carefully checking a new product for any irritation, you can avoid other products that have a similar composition.
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