Eye pain and headaches occur relatively often together because there are different connections between these two areas of the body:
- Blood vessels.
The eye nerves originate from the brain and also supply other structures in the head.
Damage or dysfunction of a nerve can cause pain anywhere there are nerve endings.
The facial and neck muscles may have trigger points, which are points that can cause pain in a region of the body when activated.
At the vascular level, a bruise (hematoma) may form as a result of trauma or a subdural hemorrhage may occur, which puts pressure on some facial and eye structures.
In addition, inflammation of the paranasal sinuses (sinusitis) can cause pain around the eyes.
Eye pain and frontal pain
Sinusitis is the infection of the paranasal sinuses that can cause inflammation behind the eyes. A sinus infection can provoke:
- pain in one or both eyes,
- nasal congestion and cold,
- aching temples,
- frontal pain up to the nose,
Trigger points There are points in the muscles called trigger points
that cause radiating pain when activated.
The muscles that can cause pain pulling from the neck to the forehead and eyes are:
- sternocleidomastoid muscle (large head turner),
- Suboccipital muscles (deep neck muscles).
The anterior bundles of the temporal muscle have a trigger point that can provoke pain on:
Causes of eye pain and headaches
If the patient feels suspending pain around the eyes, but the eyes are healthy, the following causes are possible:
Migraine. Migraine causes:
- throbbing eye pain,
- Visual impairment.
This disorder is one of the most common causes of eye pain in pregnancy.
Cluster headache. Cluster headache occurs periodically and causes attacks of pain in the area of the eyes, which can last from 15 minutes to 2 hours.
As a rule, there is a dysfunction of the sympathetic nervous system.
Trigeminal neuralgia. Trigeminal neuralgia is one of the most painful diseases of all, characteristic is the spontaneous, lightning-like pain.
The pain usually lasts a few minutes or seconds, the frequency is variable.
Possible pain regions are:
- upper and lower jaw,
- cheeks and eyes,
- Forehead and scalp.
Vibrations or touch can act as triggers, such as hairbrushing, brushing teeth, touching the temples or a cold draft.
As a rule, shingles (herpes zoster) is the cause – an infection that can cause excruciating pain that is considered resistant to treatment.
Increased intracranial pressure Diseases that can provoke an increase in intracranial pressure
and eye pain include:
- Brain aneurysm
- Brain tumor
- Sinus thrombosis
- Pseudotumor cerebri (excess pressure in the skull with no known cause)
Eye pain caused by increased intracranial pressure can be aggravated by the Valsalva maneuver.
Neck pain can cause headaches that radiate into the forehead behind the eyes, causing dizziness and mental confusion.
There is no disc between the first two cervical vertebrae (C1 and C2), so the pain cannot be caused by a herniated disc.
Possible causes include cervical osteoarthritis, a nerve-impairing joint blockage or connective tissue adhesions.
Rarely, eye pain is a symptom of subdural, epidural, subarachnoid or intracerebral cerebral hemorrhage.
Any diseases of the carotid artery (e.g. inflammation, blood clots, thrombosis, dissection) can cause monocular symptoms and indicate an impending stroke, although isolated eye pain is not the only symptom.
Eye pain and thyroid gland
Hyperthyroidism caused by Graves’ disease can cause eye pain, especially when looking up; other typical symptoms:
Treatment of eye pain and headaches
Sinusitis: If sinusitis is caused by a bacterial infection, it can be treated with antibiotics.
Many people develop chronic sinusitis, which does not pass with antibiotic treatment; in this case, one of the most effective forms of therapy is a natural diet, based on:
- other unprocessed foods.
Migraine: Migraine also causes eye pain, there are various medications that can be given as mono- or combination therapy, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
Some scientific studies show that migraines can be caused by foods, such as:
- Pigmeat, etc.
Chemical burn of the eye and cornea: Chemical eye burns must be rinsed immediately with plenty of water and then treated with anesthetic eye drops until normal acidity or alkali levels are restored in the eye.
If it is acid, rinse the eye with water and bicarbonate.
Natural remedies for eye pain and headaches
For mild eye complaints:
- Let your eyes rest.
- Avoid strong light.
As with other diseases, a healthy diet can cure most eye problems, although patients often prefer eye drops and medications that only provide short-term relief.
There are different types of natural nutrition that are very effective, but usually this means a big change in eating habits.
Some of the most effective diets include:
- Stone Age diet (Paleo diet)
- Vegan Raw Food Diet
- Blood group diet
Through natural nutrition, the body receives all the necessary nutrients, but not the harmful or indigestible substances, such as:
- lactose and casein,
- Caffeine and other stimulants.