Oily skin (or seborhoea) is uncomfortable for many because it shows the following appearance:
- oily shiny,
- Tendency to pimples and blackheads.
This disorder is related to an overactivity of the sebaceous glands, which produce an excess of sebum that settles on the surface of the skin and it:
- shiny and
- makes you look greasy.
Usually, oily skin is characterized by unaesthetic rashes such as:
Types of oily skin
- Oily oily skin – forms with increased sebum production. The pores are dilated.
- Seborrheic oily skin – excessive sebum production, pores are very dilated. This form is more serious than the oily fatty skin.
- Asphyctic oily skin – a skin disorder caused by very dense sebum that cannot escape from the follicles and thus closes them.
From the clogged follicle, a blackhead can develop, which appears as:
– black (open blackhead) or
– white (closed blackhead) point.
The overlying skin is dry, dehydrated and cracked because the sebum trapped in the follicle does not get to it.
What are the causes of oily skin?
Oily skin can be hereditary, because it usually occurs in several members of the same family.
One of the main causes of oily skin is hormones.
The excess of a hormone called dihydrotestosterone (DHT) causes overactivity of the sebaceous glands, which leads to the production of excess oil.
The hormonal imbalance:
- stimulates the sebaceous glands,
- leads to the production of increased sebum.
Changes in hormone levels during the different phases such as adolescence, pregnancy and menopause can trigger this skin disease.
This makes teens more prone to getting oily skin with acne and blackheads.
A fatty epidermis can also be caused by the use of some cosmetics or medications, such as:
It is a condition that can affect both sexes.
In men, this is mainly due to the fluctuating concentration of androgen.
Another cause of oily skin in men is shaving.
Shaving thins the oily protective film on the skin and thus causes a feeling of dryness, even if the skin itself is oily.
A very hard beard is a risk factor for skin irritation.
In children, the skin is not oily, but during puberty sex hormone levels increase, which can be one of the causes of oily skin.
The androgenic sex hormones, also called androgens, stimulate the sebaceous glands to overproduce sebum.
The concentration of dihydrotestosterone is also important for the menstrual cycle, which causes oily skin before menstruation.
During pregnancy and menopause, hormonal imbalance is one of the causes of oily skin.
Eating some foods can lead to oily and shiny skin. Usually, fast food products are one of the most common causes, along with a deficiency of:
- Vitamin B2,
- Vitamin B5.
Heat is one of the risk factors for oily skin.
Oily skin is also very sensitive and reacts to climate change.
Warm and humid climate and continued sweating stimulate the secretion of the sebaceous glands, which are responsible for oily skin.
Make-up and makeup
Constant use of cosmetics can lead to oily and oily skin. Using make-up based on mineral oil, silicone and oil can make oily skin even worse.
Oily creams and other skin care products worsen the condition of oily skin.
In addition, aggressive or less mild skin cleansing products can increase the activity of the sebaceous glands, which aggravates the problem.
Why is the skin of the nose oilier?
The skin of the nose contains much larger and more active sebaceous glands than the skin of other facial areas.
The nose belongs to the T-zone. To do this, you have to imagine a capitalized “T” in the center of the face, which:
- extends to the left and right towards the forehead,
- over the nose down to the chin.
One place where most of the sebum accumulates is the edges of the nose.
What to do with oily skin?
Oil lining can be useful in the long run.
The aging of oily skin occurs much more slowly compared to other skin.
The oil that accumulates on the surface of the skin:
- helps to maintain an appropriate moisture,
- prevents wrinkling, which are the first signs of aging.
People with this disorder can be treated by eliminating the cause.
- If diet is responsible for this, a change can already have a big effect.
- If it is caused by certain cosmetics or the use of the contraceptive pill, you can refrain from using these products.
Some cosmetics cause narrowing of the upper epidermal layer and clog pores.
Treatments for oily skin
Cleanliness is very important. You should cleanse the body with lukewarm water and soap, but avoid aggressive products that make the skin flaky by removing its oil.
It is always good to use products and moisturizers without oil. For oily skin, moisturizers are not necessary. However, people over the age of 30 can use them sparingly on:
Choose a soap that does not contain artificial additives (silicone, petroleum jelly or parabens and other mineral oils).
Care of oily skin and make-up
Unlike mascara and eye shadow, the foundation covers a larger part of the skin. Therefore, it is important to choose a product that is best suited for oily skin.
A fat-free make-up base is recommended, because it does not favor the formation of blackheads.
Powdery make-up bases are more suitable, they last longer. Make-up becomes darker during the day on oily skin.
Mineral makeup is very good for oily or mixed skin.
If you choose a mineral make-up for oily skin, you should choose one with sericite, silicone, fruit and plant extract.
Soap and cleanser for cleaning the face and hands
French curd soap (Marseille) is a good product for washing oily skin, but it must not contain “sodium tallowate”, a product that comes from animal slaughter.
Recommended are products with the inscription “Sodium olivate”, which contain olive oil.
Soap from Aleppo can show excellent results on oily skin.
- Olive oil
- Bay oil
- Sodium hydroxide
Sulfur soap can be very useful in case of pimples and oily skin due to the antibacterial, astringent, anti-inflammatory and detoxifying properties of this mineral.
Sulfur tends to dry out the skin. You should therefore apply a moisturizer after use.
How often should you wash your face?
One should not think that with oily skin, the face should be washed several times a day.
It is not right, because frequent washing can increase sebum production.
Beauty experts recommend people with oily skin to use those cosmetics and facial cleansing products that are specifically tailored to this skin type.
It may be useful to use an antiseptic cream with the active ingredient benzoyl peroxide (Benzac) during the day (before applying makeup) to minimize the secretion of the sebaceous glands.
In the case of oily flaky skin, it is possible to use a gentle, skin-peeling agent for cleansing every one to two weeks. However, do not forget to apply a small amount of moisturizer after cleansing the skin.
Which cream is best for oily skin?
A mild and fat-free cream completes oily skin.
The moisture products must be water-based, for example:
- a gel
- or a cream without oil.
The skin should be able to absorb the cream quickly and the moisture must make the skin smooth and bright.
Dermatologists often recommend creams containing hyaluronic acid.
Do not use moisturizers with:
- Mineral oil
When applied to oily skin, these substances close the pores and lead to the formation of pimples and acne.
Moisturizers for oily skin usually contain alpha hydroxy acids (AHA); these are natural and water-soluble substances.
AHA, as well as lactic acid and glycolic acid, do not add oil to the skin.
You can also add non-comedogenic moisturizers (which do not lead to blackheads).
Some examples of these moisturizers are:
- Moisturizer L’Oréal Pure Zone
- Clinique Moisturizing Gel
- BB Cream by Garnier
- Oil-free cream gel made of white clay from Helan
Be careful, if an unsuitable cream is applied in the evening, the skin may be oilier and oilier in the morning than before.
The skin must breathe at night.
Homemade moisturizers for oily skin
Lavender oil, lemon, sandalwood and tea tree oil with aloe vera are some ingredients that work very well against oily skin.
They enhance the natural shine of the face without leaving the impression of oily skin.
Recommendations for oily skin:
- Mix 2 tablespoons of rosemary oil with 1 teaspoon of lavender.
Add 2 tablespoons of vinegar to 2 glasses of water. This results in an emulsion of water-vinegar and oil.
Store in the refrigerator and apply after cleansing.
- Mark of aloe vera. Add two tablespoons of honey to a cup of aloe vera pulp.
Mix with rose water and add 2 tablespoons of tea tree oil. Store in the refrigerator and massage the skin regularly with this home remedy.
Natural remedies for oily skin
Natural remedies are especially useful for people whose skin is oily and very sensitive.
There are several home remedies for oily skin, such as the following:
Mix two equal amounts of apple juice and lemon juice.
- Apply this mixture to the skin with a brush or cotton ball.
- After 15-20 minutes, rinse with cold water.
A homemade mask made of clay is recommended for people with oily skin.
- Mix a teaspoon of white clay powder with a teaspoon of honey.
- Process everything well into a paste that is applied to the face.
- Rinse the mask with cold water after 20 minutes.
The clay mask can be applied once a week to achieve a good result.
Green clay should be avoided because it dries out the skin excessively.
Aloe vera gel is effective in the case of oily skin because it can absorb oil and prevent clogging of pores.
Apply a small amount of aloe vera gel to the skin after washing.
It is necessary to use pure gel, because the commercially available products also contain substances that suffocate the skin:
It is also possible to combine a spoonful of aloe vera gel with the same amount of organic yogurt and crushed strawberries to make a paste from it.
- Apply all over the face.
- Massage this mixture lightly into the skin.
- Leave on for ten minutes and rinse with lukewarm water.
Dietary supplements with aloe vera help prevent oily skin, acne and acne scars.
Yogurt is a popular remedy that can be applied to the skin either alone or together with white clay as a paste.
Papaya cream is an excellent remedy for oily skin. Apply to skin and rinse after 20 minutes.
You can also use tomatoes as a home remedy for oily skin.
- Put a tablespoon of tomato cream on a cotton wool belly.
- Apply to face.
- Wash off after ten minutes.
Most of the natural solutions are effective and have no side effects.
There are also useful natural herbs, for example:
- Witch hazel (to be applied to the skin to absorb excess oil)
- Burdock root
- Lavender (lavender water to dab the skin)
- Chamomile, horsetail, oats and thyme
- Lemongrass, licorice root and rose buds are used to treat oily skin.
One should only use herbs with the consent of the doctor to avoid side effects.
Diet and nutrition for oily skin
Transitioning to a balanced diet can be beneficial for overall health.
- You should eat enough fresh fruit and green leafy vegetables and eat a vitamin-rich diet.
- It is recommended to drink little water to limit sweating.
- Reduce consumption of:
- alcoholic cocktails,
- alcoholic beverages,
- Fast food.
- It is recommended to consume foods rich in vitamins B2 and B5, such as:
- Nutritional yeast
- Wheat germ.
According to hygienism (a form of natural medicine), the skin has the important task of excreting toxins from the body.
For oily skin, the pores are full of oil and cell waste.
The natural treatment provides for the following:
- Avoid the accumulation of toxins through a vegan diet with a raw food content of at least 50%.
- Avoid dietary supplements and stimulating substances: tea, coffee, chocolate, etc.
- Promote the elimination of the waste products produced during digestion through the skin of the whole body. One should wear loose clothing and move in the fresh air so that the skin can breathe.