How do pimples develop?
Acne is a skin condition that has different types of skin lesions.
These bumps are:
Adolescents suffer from acne due to hormonal alterations, which occurs with puberty.
The good news is that acne usually disappears almost completely over time.
- In the hair follicles (or pores) of the skin there are sebaceous glands.
These glands produce sebum, which is an oil that grieves hair and skin.
During most of the time, the glands produce the correct amount of sebum.
- As an adolescent’s body begins to mature, it develops hormones that stimulate the sebaceous glands to greater sebum secretion.
If there is a lot of sebum and there are too many dead cells, then the pores clog.
- Bacteria are trapped in the pores, usually the so-called Propionibacterium acnes.
The bacteria multiply here, causing swelling and redness, and that’s how acne begins.
- If a pore clogs and remains closed, but is swollen from the outside, then it is a closed blackhead (komedo), a white papule is visible.
- If the pore is clogged but remains open, then the skin surface becomes dark and shows a black head (open blackhead).
- Sometimes the pore wall opens, so that bacteria and dead cell material under the skin push out with the sebum.
In this case, a small, red globule, also called pimple, is formed.
Pimples can have a pus plug centrally, which is the result of a reaction of the body against infection.
- Clogged pores that open deep in the skin can cause infected nodules or cysts that are much larger than pimples and can be painful.
- Rarely, large cysts that look like acne can form blisters and abscesses caused by a staph infection.
Some of the most common false myths:
- Pimples are caused by increased body temperature.
- Pimples are a consequence of some allergies (allergic reactions). FALSE: an allergic reaction can lead to a rash, but pimples are something else.
- Oily skin promotes the formation of pimples: the excess sebum can clog the skin pores and cause blackheads and pimples.
- After sunbathing, pimples may appear on the face.
A long stay in the sun can lead to rashes and eczema if proper sunscreen is not used. In addition, a skin disease called Mallorca acne is worsened by the sun.
- A short exposure to the sun makes pimples less noticeable (better than a lamp), but a longer stay in the sun can make the symptoms worse after a few months because it thickens the skin.
How are pimples on the face treated?
Treatment of pimples is carried out as follows:
- Cleansing: Cleanse the face every day with water and products without sulfates (SLES or SLS) and parabens, such as Cetaphil.
- Exfoliation and deep cleansing: The peeling helps to cleanse the skin of the waste products that clog the pores: dead cells, sebum and bacteria. For deep cleansing of the skin, face masks are used, such as Cosmetic Warrior by LUSH; this is applied to the face and washed off with water after a few minutes of exposure; Repeat two to three times a week.
- Restoration of skin balance: use products such as a tonic (without alcohol) or serum to rebalance the fatty layer of the skin after cleansing and exfoliation; use soft cotton pads to apply these products.
- Reduce the amount of sebum: Do not use oily or oily products, but those that deeply moisturize the skin. A gel or mousse is preferable to a cream, such as pure aloe vera gel.
Natural home remedies for pimples on the face
Sulphur and curd soap: sometimes it is advised to wash the face with these soaps for:
- oily skin.
Attention, they can dry out the skin.
Bicarbonate: To peel off the skin, it may be helpful to apply a paste with bicarbonate twice a week. To prepare the paste are needed:
- 5 spoons bicarbonate
- 2 spoons of water (approx.)
Apply the paste to the pimples and massage gently. Leave on for a few minutes and rinse with water. Caution, do not rub too hard so as not to irritate the skin.
Honey, apple cider vinegar and tea tree oil: A face mask with these ingredients can be very helpful in cleansing and moisturizing the pimply skin on the face.
- 100 ml honey
- 50 ml apple cider vinegar
- 10 drops of tea tree oil
- Mix ingredients until a uniform mass is formed.
- Apply to skin and massage gently.
- Cleanse the skin with a damp cotton ball.
Essential oils and anti-inflammatory fluids: Best suited to moisturize and reduce inflammation of pimply skin are:
- Wild rose
Diet and nutrition for red pimples on the face and acne
To prevent and treat acne, a 2012 study published in the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health recommends eliminating the following foods from the diet:
- Milk and dairy products: milk-based creams, fresh and aged cheeses, yogurt, etc.
- Sweet, sweetened drinks and pastries: foods that raise blood sugar.
- Margarine and vegetable oils, especially when cooked: they are rich in trans fats that worsen acne.
- Processed fruit:
- Dried fruit (figs, plums, apricots)
- candied fruit
- pickled fruit
- Limit the consumption of sugary fruit:
- Bunches of grapes
- follow a diet with a low blood sugar index;
- Do not fry;
- recommended foods are rich in:
- Omega-3 fats
- Vitamin A, B, C, E
- Mineral salts
- Eat low salt because salt causes water retention.
How long do pimples last? Prognosis
Normally, acne passes after the period of puberty, but it can persist until middle age.
These symptoms often respond well to treatment after 6-8 weeks, but may recur.
If severe acne is not treated, acne scars may form.
There are many natural and effective remedies to heal unsightly skin.
Some people (especially teens) can become depressed if their acne is not treated.