Dry skin is a harmless skin disorder, but if left untreated it can progress and cause pain , itching and skin wounds . Fortunately, there are several natural remedies to prevent and cure the dryness of the skin.
Hydration of the skin
The skin is the barrier of our body to protect itself from the external environment and consists of three layers:
Hypodermis , is the deepest layer of the skin and is formed mainly by adipose tissue and by:
- Blood vessels
Dermis , is formed by connective tissue and by:
- Fibers of collagen and elastin
- Blood vessels
- Sebaceous glands
- Hair follicles
- Sweat glands
Epidermis , the most superficial layer of the skin, is formed by keratinocytes that when mature move from the basal layer of the epidermis (deep) to the stratum corneum (the most superficial layer of the epidermis).
Keratinocytes are characterized by:
- Insoluble structure formed by several proteins that form the cornified cell envelope
- Cytoplasm filled with keratin strands
- Absence of the nucleus
These cells are found in the middle of the lipid (fat) layers composed of:
- Fatty acids
- Ceramides (lipid molecules)
The stratum corneum hydrates the skin and lipids play a fundamental role in preventing the evaporation of water.
Some of the elements that help maintain hydration are:
- Substances produced by the sweat and sebaceous glands
- Other natural moisturizing substances in the skin, such as a union of molecules that absorb liquids, for example: amino acids, sugar, lactic acid and urea.
The soft and flexible structure of the skin is due to its water content.
Dry air (reduced humidity) may be the most common cause of dry skin.
In addition, dry skin may be caused by:
- Loss of the lipid layer
- Decrease of water in the corneal layer
Therefore, the skin can not fulfill its function adequately.
Natural remedies for dry skin
Although it is not always possible to have perfect skin, the following actions can help keep skin hydrated and healthy:
1. Hydrate the skin
Moisturizers provide protection for the skin, which prevents the evaporation of water.
The most used moisturizers to cure dry skin are:
If the skin is very dry, it is recommended to apply an oil, after showering while the skin is still wet.
The oil is more effective than moisturizers and prevents the evaporation of water from the surface of the skin.
An excellent product is argan oil, which has moisturizing and antioxidant properties.
2. Avoid too hot water and limit the time it takes to bathe.
Hot water and very long showers can remove oils from the skin.
You should limit the time of the shower or bath to about 10-15 minutes and do not use very hot water.
It is advised to use a cleanser for sensitive skin, without perfume.
Opt for delicate soaps with natural essential oils.
It is advisable to try products of different brands until you find one that works well.
A good rule of thumb is to make sure the skin is soft and smooth after cleaning, not dry or rough.
After showering or bathing:
- Dry gently with a towel so the skin stays hydrated
- Immediately hydrate the skin with an oil or cream so that the water is trapped in the superficial cells
3. Use a humidifier.
The hot, dry air inside the buildings can:
- Dry sensitive skin
- Worsen itching and peeling
A portable humidifier or one near the radiator slightly increases the humidity inside the house.
Keep the humidifier clean to keep away bacteria and fungi.
4. Choose soft fabrics for the skin
Natural fibers (cotton and silk) allow the skin to breathe. Wool is also a natural material, but it can irritate the skin, even if it does not dry out.
When washing clothes, detergents should be used without dyes or perfume, because these substances can irritate the skin.
If dry skin causes itching, cold compressescan be applied to the area.
If these remedies do not relieve symptoms or if the symptoms worsen, consult a doctor or dermatologist.
Diet and diet for dry skin
it comes to food, the best thing we can do to avoid dry skin is to keep the body hydrated.
Water is essential to promote the blood circulation of the skin.
However, do not exaggerate because, according to the hygienists, bottled water contains sodium and, therefore, can cause:
- Fluid retention
- Swelling, this stretches the skin and promotes the formation of skin lesions
It is best to eat fruits and vegetables rich in liquids, but also diuretic, such as:
Foods rich in Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids
“Good” fats help to soften dry skin as they maintain hydration.
In fact, a deficiency of omega 3 and 6 fatty acids can aggravate the symptoms of dry skin and even cause eczema in some cases.
Foods rich in omega 3 and 6 are:
- Flax seeds
Foods rich in vitamin A
Vitamin A is an excellent remedy for dry and flaky skin, and it is also easy to find in dark green leafy vegetables.
Vitamin A can also help repair skin damage.
It is useful in case of climates characterized by a lot of wind and sun.
In addition to green leafy vegetables, vitamin A is found in:
Foods rich in vitamin E
This powerful vitamin helps the skin maintain its natural hydration and strengthens the defense against ultraviolet rays.
Among the foods rich in vitamin E are:
- Wheat germ
- Flax seed oil
- Green leafy vegetables
Remedies for dry skin after tanning
Dry skin may occur after a sunburn .
The skin becomes dehydrated when exposed to:
- Sea salt
The sun accelerates the production of free radicals, therefore, favors the aging process of the skin.
In addition, the UVA rays of the sun cause the degradation of collagen and elastin , therefore, the skin loses elasticity.
Dry skin occurs when environmental or chemical factors remove from the skin:
- Protective oils (tallow) from the surface
For example, ultraviolet radiation damages the epidermis and can cause a solar erythema with dry and cracked skin .
Precautions must be taken to keep the skin hydrated and prevent damage, especially if you suffer from dry skin.
Damage to the epidermis can be caused by:
- Solar exposition
- Tanning lamps
To prevent skin damage and avoid dry skin you should:
- Use sunscreen with a fairly high sunscreen (SPF 30-50)
- Hydrate the skin before and after sun exposure
- Choose oils and creams without alcohol
Moisturizing products create a barrier that helps prevent skin dehydration.
What is the most suitable cream for dry skin?
The best products for dry skin are:
- Soft cleaners
- Hydrating creams
Between the products without soap and the soft cleaners without perfume are the products of:
The recommended fat and moisturizers are:
- Aquaphor of Eucerin
- Shea balm
In case of dry skin and black spots, creams and oils containing:
- Silicone oil
- Paraffin and other substances derived from petroleum
These substances damage the skin because they clog pores.