Many people suffer from the appearance of pimples. They are most common during puberty, when the body undergoes many hormonal changes.
However, they often affect people in adulthood – which can occur sporadically (due to factors such as food) or more severely.
Regardless of the case, it is normal for people to look for a way to eliminate this problem faster.
Among the possible treatments, is the use of medicines (oral or topical). Next, check out some options that can be prescribed for the treatment of pimples
What causes acne?
The acne is an injury that occurs due to increased production of sebum (oiliness) by the sebaceous glands. As a result, the pores become clogged and the proliferation of bacteria increases.
This process gives rise to the blackheads and, when inflammation occurs, the spine appears .
However, it is necessary to keep in mind that there are different factors that can lead to this dysregulation of the sebaceous glands, for example:
- Response of the organism to inflammatory processes;
- Low immunity;
- Do not properly sanitize the skin;
- Sleeping with makeup;
- Food with excess fat, sweets and white flours;
- Use of some medications;
- Hormonal dysregulation;
- Genetic factors;
- Follicular hyperkeratinization – proliferation of keratinocytes (skin cells) that favors the appearance of acne.
Thus, the pimples can appear due to a single factor or by the set of them.
When looking at these possible causes, it is possible to notice that many of them are related to harmful habits. However, it must be kept in mind that some people are more likely to develop pimples, so these habits are an aggravating factor.
That is, even avoiding them, it may be that these people need specific treatment for the problem – which is done with the help of a (a) dermatologist.
Pimple remedy: which pill is good?
Among the precautions that can be indicated for the treatment of pimples, is the use of oral medications. They need a prescription and follow-up with a dermatologist.
Usually, these medications are indicated in cases of severe and / or resistant acne.
This type of acne does not show satisfactory improvement due to the change in habits or, even, by the use of topical medications (ointments and creams). Therefore, it is necessary to intervene with other remedies – usually antibiotics .
In addition to these, the use of Retinoids (such as Adapalene ), topical antibiotics, hormonal therapies and topical medications containing azelaic acid – such as Azelan ointment , may also be indicated .
Although commonly indicated for these severe cases, some remedies can also be prescribed for the treatment of acne vulgaris (usually appears at puberty, menstrual period, etc.) when there is no satisfactory result with other care.
Check out some medications and understand when they can be indicated:
According to the information in the package insert, Roacutan is indicated for the treatment of severe forms of acne (such as acne at risk of permanent scarring, for example). In addition, it is also indicated for cases of acne resistant to previous treatments.
This medicine has Isotretinoin (a substance derived from vitamin A) as its active ingredient. It works by decreasing the activity of the sebaceous glands and causing a reduction in their size.
Usually, longer treatment with this medication is necessary. Whereas the first results tend to appear between 8 and 16 weeks of use.
This medication is very strong and usually causes many side effects (dry skin, lips and eyeballs, muscle pain, etc.). In addition, a lot of care is needed during its use.
For example, when a woman takes this medication she cannot run the risk of becoming pregnant, considering that she could even cause miscarriage. Still, it is recommended to avoid alcohol as it can decrease the effectiveness of the treatment.
These are just some of the considerations made by the package insert. For this reason, never carry out self-medication , especially of a controlled-use medicine such as Roacutan.
Seek advice from a dermatologist for safe and effective treatment.
The Azithromycin is an antibiotic, or a medication aimed to treat conditions caused by bacteria. Among its indications, is the use in skin infections.
There is no recommendation in the package insert for use to treat acne. However, its initial indication for dermatological infections (such as folliculitis ), has motivated some studies to attest its effectiveness against acne.
In this sense, many studies have shown that Azithromycin can show good results when used for this purpose. In general, it has been shown to be effective in the treatment of acne vulgaris in adolescents and adults – with a dosage of 500mg in 3 days.
Another factor that contributes to this recommendation is the easy adherence of the dosage. That is, the patient does not usually have difficulty taking the medication correctly, considering that it is administered for a short period of time.
So that, even with a few days of use, Azithromycin can remain active in the body for up to 68 hours after ingestion. Which contributes to the positive effects in the treatment.
Therefore, there are dermatologists who consider these studies to prescribe in some cases the use of this medication. However, it should be noted that this is not a recommendation of the package insert, despite demonstrating effectiveness.
In addition, the indiscriminate use of antibiotics can cause bacterial resistance. What further reinforces the need to follow the guidance of a professional.
The drug Androcur has as its active ingredient Ciproterone Acetate. This active acts in problems associated with male sex hormones, which are also present in the female body but in smaller quantities.
Thus, this medicine blocks the effect of androgens (such as testosterone ). Among its actions is the control of sebaceous gland activity – which, when deregulated, causes problems such as acne and seborrhea.
Therefore, it can be indicated for the treatment of pimples when related to these hormonal changes. What can be measured through exams.
It should be noted that this medication is, for the most part, indicated to treat problems in men. Considering that it acts directly on hormones that are more present in the male than female body.
Therefore, the package insert indicates that in the case of use by female patients, they should not be used if:
- You are pregnant or breastfeeding;
- You have liver disease;
- You have a history of herpes during pregnancy;
- You have (or have ever had) benign or malignant liver tumors;
- You have (or had) a benign brain tumor (meningioma);
- Suffer from severe chronic depression;
- You have severe diabetes mellitus with changes in your blood vessels.
These are just a few of the recommendations. Therefore, medical advice is essential to make safe and effective use of medication.
Remedy for pimples and blackheads: creams and ointments
Just like oral medications (pills) that treat pimples, topical medications (creams and ointments) also need medical guidance and prescription. In particular, in the most severe cases of acne.
When this happens, the dermatologist can usually prescribe medications that have some type of acid in their composition (such as Retinol) or that have antibiotic action – in order to treat skin infections.
In this sense, the directions for use vary according to each ointment / cream. However, in general, they are for night use and should be applied on alternate nights to avoid sensitizing the skin, considering its strong action.
Among those that can be prescribed, there are options such as:
- Adacne Clin;
- Drift C Micro ;
- Drift Micro ;
- Dalap .
Treatment should be done according to the dermatologist’s guidelines. Thus, following the prescriptions regarding the time and form of use – which varies according to each case.
Over-the-counter remedy for pimples
Typically, remedies that do not need a prescription and can be used to treat pimples are those with a drying action . That is, ointments / creams / solutions that are applied directly on the spine to dry and make it lessen (or even disappear).
These options are good for those who suffer from pimples eventually, such as during menstruation or because of an irregular diet.
This is because they treat the symptom (spine) and not the problem itself (usually, the dysfunction of the sebaceous gland).
Therefore, if you suffer from a more severe case of acne, it is unlikely to have a satisfactory result with these options. Needing to seek help from a dermatologist to have access to options like those in the previous topic.
However, if you are looking for something to reduce and / or eliminate pimples that appear from time to time, you can choose something like:
- Gel Secativo Neutrogena Rapid Clear;
- Gel Secativo Acnezil;
- Drying Gel for Pimples Nupill Derme Control ;
- Gel Secativo Antiacne Needs.
Remedy for inflamed pimples
There is no specific remedy for inflamed pimples (it is characterized by swelling, secretion / pus and pain in the affected area), considering that this situation can occur for different reasons, for example:
- Use of comedogenic products (greasy, which clog pores);
- Excess of sun exposure;
- Inadequate cleaning of the skin.
Therefore, the treatment will vary according to the severity of the acne and also according to this specificity. This is because, for example, a pregnant woman cannot use certain products – such as ointments / creams that contain acid.
Still, some medications are very strong and cannot be indicated to treat isolated inflammations. That is, when it is not a case of recurrent and severe acne.
Therefore, when there is inflammation in a pimple, try to follow these recommendations:
- Do not touch your spine (this includes poking, squeezing, etc.);
- Do not wear makeup as long as the inflammation persists;
- Apply sunscreen;
- If the area is sore, you can make a warm compress (perhaps even using some calming herbal tea, such as chamomile);
- Properly sanitize the skin.
It is important to keep in mind that the body alone can resolve inflammation. So, following these recommendations will help to control the nuisance and avoid aggravating the problem.
Home remedy for pimples
Home treatments can be an option in case of occasional pimples. That is, when the person does not suffer from severe and resistant acne, so that the pimples appear from time to time.
Therefore, they do not substitute medical treatments for cases where acne is recurrent.
Among the options of “home remedy” for pimples, there are usually recipes that have ingredients that have a detoxifying, calming and antibacterial action.
In this sense, you can choose recipes that contain ingredients such as:
- Aloe vera (babosa);
- Óleo de melaleuca (tea tree);
- Green tea;
- Activated charcoal.
Tips to prevent the appearance of pimples
Some people have a genetic predisposition to acne, which makes it difficult to prevent its onset. Others suffer from hormonal problems or use medication that causes this problem.
Whatever your case (moderate or severe acne), taking care of the health of your skin and your body can help prevent this problem. Therefore, we have separated some tips that can be useful if you want to get rid of pimples:
- Properly sanitize your skin every day (morning and evening);
- Don’t sleep on makeup;
- Avoid rubbing your face too much – our hands are full of bacteria, so if you have a small lesion on your face, it can cause acne. In addition, it also stimulates greater sebum production;
- Keep a good diet;
- Drink water daily (following the recommendation of at least 1.5L);
- Opt for non-comedogenic products (do not clog pores);
- Control your stress levels – after all, our mental state reflects directly on factors such as skin, hair and nails.
Also, remember that the best person to take care of your skin’s health is a dermatologist. So, always seek the guidance of a professional to have better results in any treatment and daily care.
Many people suffer from acne, especially when the case is severe and recurrent. For that, medications that help the body to eliminate this problem may be needed.
However, this should always be done with the help of a dermatologist. Thus, it will be possible to gain access to the correct treatment and practical guidance.
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