Often, the initial sign is a sore throat, like an itch. Soon symptoms such as pain when swallowing, dry and irritating cough .
The throat is commonly one of the first parts of the body to react to low immunity. For this reason, inflammation at the site occurs with great frequency in periods of lower temperature, such as winter.
Most inflammations are caused by viruses or bacteria. For those caused by viruses, there is no specific treatment to be performed. In these cases, the improvement occurs spontaneously, over a few days. In the case of bacterial infection, treatment can be done with antibiotics .
But, for all these cases of inflammation, there are remedies that help to alleviate the uncomfortable symptoms of having a sore throat.
Numerous ways of treating inflammation in the throat are known: medicines, teas, candies, gargling etc. In this text, we will present the best ways to treat this recurrent problem, the main remedies and a natural way to relieve symptoms. Come on?
What is the best remedy for sore throat?
There are many medications that help in the treatment of sore throat. The most recommended remedies to relieve the symptoms of inflammation are lozenges, sprays, painkillers and anti-inflammatories (such as Ibuprofen and Nimesulide).
The treatment indicated varies from case to case. In the case of bacterial infection, antibiotics are usually prescribed to prevent further complications – although this type of inflammation may also spontaneously improve.
Antibiotics act to control the infection and thereby help the inflammation to gradually reduce. These drugs should only be used with medical advice, since indiscriminate or inappropriate use can make the body resistant to action.
These drugs are recommended to relieve pain in general, so they can be indicated for cases of inflammation in the throat. Can be combined with other remedies according to the patient’s condition.
The lozenges are effective pain relievers and help to alleviate the symptoms of sore throat. There are also sprays that perform this function in a similar way.
Treatment with this type of medication is symptomatic and, therefore, there is no antibacterial effect. However, in addition to reducing irritation in the throat, most pain relievers also help with other symptoms of inflammation, such as headache and fever.
Anti-inflammatory drugs can be used in order to reduce pain in the throat, and, in addition, they also have antipyretic action. This means that these drugs help to control fever, if present.
They are the most recommended remedies for inflammation in the throat, as they help to reduce the inflammation while acting on the symptoms (also working as pain relievers).
However, anti-inflammatory drugs can also cause side effects, and are not recommended for some risk groups.
Sore throat with earache and fever: how to treat?
The sore throat must be treated according to the symptoms presented. It is essential to consult a doctor, as it is he who will indicate the source of the inflammation, whether there is a viral or bacterial infection and, thus, what is the most appropriate treatment.
Some signs of infectious inflammation are:
- General malaise;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Pain in the ear when swallowing.
Depending on the type of infection, the medications indicated for treatment will be different. If the inflammation has a bacterial origin, the recommended drugs will be antibiotics, usually derived from penicillin, such as amoxicillin.
Some drugs that have this active ingredient are:
- Amoxicillin Prati-Donaduzzi Capsule ;
- Duxidina ;
- Amoxicillin EMS tablet .
If the inflammation is non-infectious or viral in origin, the recommended medications will be pain relievers or anti-inflammatory drugs.
Among the anti-inflammatory drugs, the best known are:
- Ibuprofen ;
Finally, pain relievers can also be used to decrease symptoms caused by inflammation in the throat. The most common are:
- Dipyrone ;
- Aspirin .
It is always important to consult a doctor if the symptoms persist for more than a day or show worsening.
Inflammation in the throat of children
When children have a sore throat, it is important to take care.
For children under 5, the use of throat lozenges is not recommended due to choking. In that case, spray can be a viable alternative.
In addition, aspirin is also not recommended for the little ones. This is due to a small risk of developing Reye’s syndrome, which causes liver failure and cerebral edema .
If the inflammation persists for more than a day, a pediatrician should be consulted to indicate the best medication and the correct dose for the child.
Homemade and natural remedy for sore throat
There are also home remedies to treat the sore throat. Some natural ingredients have properties that help in relieving pain and irritation.
The best-known homemade method for relieving the symptoms of sore throat is to gargle with warm water and salt. It should be diluted ½ tablespoon of salt in 300ml of warm water to gargle, sometimes during the day.
Chewing gum or sucking candy can also help with symptoms, as it stimulates salivation, keeping the oral cavity more hydrated. Those that contain menthol, eucalyptus or ginger have a refreshing effect that helps to relieve pain.
This works in a similar way with honey, dark chocolate and mint. The famous lemon tea with honey can be an ally, but it is recommended in small quantities because it can cause reflux and, thus, make the situation worse.
In addition, it is very important to rest and drink plenty of water when you have a sore throat. Hydration and rest accelerate the recovery process. It is also important to avoid very hot liquids and contact with cigarette smoke.
Inflammation in the throat is one of the most common problems that we go through. It is important to consult a doctor to find the best treatment, but the trend is that in a few days the situation will improve.
Using remedies such as anti-inflammatories, painkillers and even home remedies is a solution to alleviate the uncomfortable symptoms of this condition.
In this text, we explore the types of remedies used to help with throat inflammation. We hope you enjoyed the reading, and continue to follow the contents of the Healthy Minute!