The increase in uric acid rates is called hyperuricemia. This condition is due to the breakdown of purine by the body, a substance present in some foods.
Therefore, taking care of food can prevent hyperuricemia.
Animal foods often contain more purine than plant foods.
So, if it is eaten in more than one meal, the portion of red or white meat should be reduced.
Instead of reducing the portion, you can also consume the meat in just one meal. For example, if you eat meat for lunch, do not eat for dinner and vice versa.
Whole grains (rice, wheat, oats) and grains ( beans , lentils, corn) should be eaten sparingly.
Foods such as coffee, cocoa, natural yogurts, fruits and cheeses can be part of the diet, as they have a low purine content.
The ideal is to consult a nutritionist who can prescribe a balanced diet, based on your medical history.
What to include in the diet?
One of the ways to control uric acid levels is by eating a healthy, balanced diet.
Give preference to diuretic foods, that is, that facilitate the elimination of liquid:
- Fruits, such as watermelon, orange, pineapple and melon;
- Vegetables and greens, such as cucumber, lettuce, carrots and beets;
- Cereals, such as brown rice;
- Oilseeds, such as walnuts, almonds and chestnuts;
- Carbohydrates, such as breads and cookies.
Ingesting 2 to 3 liters of water a day helps to eliminate uric acid in the body through urine.
Nutritionists Marla Martins and Alessandra Sguario, from Hospital Marcelino Champagnat also suggest the consumption of milk, eggs, whole grains, cheeses and lean yogurts.
What to avoid in the diet?
Purine-rich foods should be avoided, as this compound favors the production of more uric acid.
Products containing fat, oils, butter and sugars in their preparation should also be avoided, as these ingredients make it difficult to eliminate uric acid.
Some food groups that should be avoided are:
The more purine consumed, the more uric acid will be produced. Therefore, avoid eating foods that contain this substance:
- Bovine and avian organs (liver, kidney and heart, for example);
- Fish (anchovy and herring) and fish (shrimp, crab);
- Legumes (beans, lentils, peanuts, peas);
- Cereals (wheat, oats) and nuts (containing oil);
Fatty and sweet foods
- Fried foods (such as chicken, dumplings, potatoes);
- Fast food (hamburger, hot dog, pizza);
- Sweets in general (cakes, pies, chocolates).
Alcoholic beverages, especially beer, should be avoided by those with high uric acid.
That’s because beer is made from barley, which is a grain rich in purine. The yeast used for fermentation also produces this compound.
Other alcoholic beverages (distilled or fermented) should also not be consumed by those who have hyperuricemia.
Read more: Why eat vegetables?
Who has high uric acid can eat tomatoes?
There is not exactly a consensus. Therefore, in some cases, people with joint problems caused by uric acid should avoid consuming tomatoes and sauces.
This fruit may be related to purine release, increasing uric acid rates.
Industrial sauces based on tomatoes, on the other hand, should be avoided, as they contain large amounts of salt and spices, in addition to other components that can be harmful to health.
The most recommended is to consult a doctor or nutritionist who will be able to analyze if and for how long the fruit should be out of the diet of those who have high rates of this acid.
Who has high uric acid can eat okra or bananas?
Yes. According to the nutrition team at Hospital Marcelino Champagnat, there is no restriction on the consumption of these foods.
In fact, both okra and bananas are beneficial for the body and should be consumed frequently, making the diet balanced.
Some foods should be avoided by those with high uric acid. Sugary and fatty foods are on this list.
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