Contraceptives are one of the main methods used by women to not get pregnant and also to keep the menstrual cycle regular. Although well known, its use must be done under medical supervision, as it can cause health risks.
The visit to the gynecologist
Medical guidance is essential to clarify patients’ doubts about how the contraceptive works in the body, when it should be taken, in which cases to discontinue use, among other recommendations to assist in its use.
As several types can be found, with varied compositions, the choice must be made based on medical advice.
Without prior evaluation, its use can lead to side effects and risks, such as amenorrhea, unusual bleeding, weight gain, risks of thrombosis and cardiovascular diseases.
How to use
- They should always be taken according to the doctor’s instructions;
- If two or more pills are forgotten, the use of the pack should be discontinued and another contraceptive method (such as a condom) must be used. After menstruation, in this case, the medication can be resumed;
- The use of some medications can affect its contraceptive effect and decrease it. This is the case with antibiotics such as rifampicin, ampicillin, tetracyclines, and barbiturates, phenytoin, carbamazepine;
- If the pill is forgotten, it should be taken as soon as possible, even close to the next dose;
- If a day has passed and the pill has been forgotten, both doses should be taken at the normal time.
Although contraceptives are effective in preventing pregnancy, other methods such as the use of condoms and the IUD (Intrauterine Device) can be used. The condom , in addition to helping to prevent pregnancy, also helps in the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis , AIDS , gonorrhea , among others.
Consult the gynecologist, before using any contraceptive, it is essential for him to advise on which is the best type to be used and what precautions should be taken.