Bleeding during sex: what can it be?

A fact that can occur during sexual intercourse and should not be ignored, bleeding can be a sign of a more serious problem. Understanding its cause is essential to avoid further complications.

Whether it is a frequent or a causal problem, countless women have suffered from bleeding during sex at some point. When it is close to the menstrual period it is common to happen, however other factors may be associated with the problem.


Sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia and  gonorrhea  can be transmitted during unprotected sex, and are often related to bleeding out of season. These microorganisms can lead to inflammation in the cervix and make it fragile, causing, in addition to bleeding, pain during intercourse. Other problems that may be related:

  • Cervicitis:  can bring bleeding accompanied by discharge and endocervical polyps;
  • Uterine cancer:  approximately 11% of women with this type of cancer have bleeding;
  • Endometriosis:  the accumulation of the endometrium in places such as the vaginal canal and the cervix can lead to the problem;
  • Menopause:  vaginal lubrication decreases, which is due to reduced production of estrogen levels;
  • Vulvovaginitis:  infections or inflammations that affect the vulva or the vagina.

What to do?

The use of condoms is the most effective method to avoid STDs, which can also be responsible for bleeding. The periodic visit to the doctor is also important.

Even if bleeding precedes the menstrual cycle or occurs only once, you need to be aware. It can be associated with several problems, and usually needs treatment.