What are the advantages and disadvantages of the IUD?

The Intrauterine Device, also known as an IUD, is widely used among women and does not pose major health risks. It can be inserted in the woman while breastfeeding and usually does not cause interference in relationships.

The IUD is a piece inserted into the uterus during the menstrual period preferably. It is installed for 5 years and acts as a barrier that prevents the arrival of sperm to the tubes. The piece is usually made of polyethylene, with or without hormonal substances.


Reactions that can happen

The IUD is as safe as other methods of contraception, but it can cause some reactions. The menstrual period may be longer and uterine bleeding may occur. In addition, existing cramps can worsen, despite that, these problems tend to return to normal after about three months. Infections in the womb are rare, but they are also prone to happen.


Patients with cervicitis, congenital malformation of the uterus, cancer problems in the uterus, clot diseases. In cases of suspected pregnancy and when there is a risk of STDs happening.

Benefits vs. harms

Once placed, the concern about a possible pregnancy becomes less, because the IUD is highly effective. Its removal can be done at any time, as long as it is performed with the help and permission of the gynecologist.

However, it is important to note that this method does not serve as a prevention against sexually transmitted diseases, and can also worsen the symptoms of PMS already mentioned. The IUD can cause sterility in women and also cause pain during intercourse.