Bacteria in the intestine: are they related to intestinal cancer?

Researchers from the University of São Paulo (USP) in partnership with the University of Trento, in Italy, identified 16 bacteria related to bowel cancer .

These bacteria are only present in the intestinal flora of people who have the disease, regardless of the diet or the region in which the person lives.

Experts believe that, with this discovery, tests can be carried out to detect the disease at an early stage.

Still, scholars still do not know whether these bacteria could be the cause of bowel cancer. Therefore, more research is recommended.

For the study, the feces of 969 people with and without cancer were analyzed. Those surveyed were from different countries: France, Japan, China, United States, Germany, Italy and Canada.

The research was published in the journal Nature .

Read more: Brain and intestine: their health in childhood reflects on adulthood

Bowel cancer

According to the National Cancer Institute (INCA), about 36,000 new cases of cancer were diagnosed in 2018 in Brazil.

Age (over 50 years), overweight, smoking , alcohol consumption and unhealthy eating are some risk factors that can help the development of the disease.

Treatment for bowel cancer is primarily done with surgery to remove the part of the intestine that is infected. Then, if necessary, treatment with chemotherapy or radiation is indicated.

The most common symptoms are: bleeding in the stool, weight loss involuntarily, abdominal pain and weakness accompanied by anemia . If you are suspicious, seek medical advice from a coloproctologist.

Read more: Corn syrup may increase tumor growth in the intestine

The discovery of these bacteria is important because it can help in the diagnosis of the disease at an early stage. The sooner the tumors are discovered, the more likely the person is to be cured.