Frequent urination (or pollakiuria) may indicate a temporary harmless situation such as pregnancy or a serious illness such as a urinary tract infection.
Frequent micturition in men
The urge to urinate frequently occurs more frequently in the elderly.
Nevertheless, the increased urge to urinate can not only be associated with age.
Symptoms that can occur are fever, abdominal pain or bladder pain.
Some people think that frequent urination is good for the organism or it helps to lose weight. But in reality, this is not the case.
Causes of frequent micturition in men
The urge for frequent urination can be a symptom of various diseases.
Here are some conditions that may be responsible for this urological problem in men.
Urinary tract infection: Frequent urination during the night and day is a symptom of urinary tract infections that arise due to bacterial intrusion into the urinary tract.
Bacteria such as Escherichia coli damage tissues and can also spread to the urethra, bladder, and occasionally to the kidneys.
Diabetes: If there is an increased urge to urinate during the day, this could be an early sign of type 1 or 2 diabetes.
Due to the increase in blood sugar, the body seeks to excrete this compound through the urine. This can result in dehydration.
Problems of the prostate: Another cause in men is an enlarged prostate or benign prostatic hypertrophy.
The enlarged prostate presses against the urethra (the channel where urine drains outwards) and obstructs the flow of urine.
As a result, the bladder walls become irritated, causing a contraction of the bladder, even if there is only a small amount of urine in the organ.
The result is a frequent urge to urinate, every two hours or even every hour.
If the man goes to the toilet, he urinates only a little.
Interstitial cystitis: Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a painful condition that develops due to inflammation of the bladder wall tissue. It is characterized by pain or discomfort in the pelvis or bladder. This disease often includes symptoms such as frequent urination or sudden urge to urinate.
Diuretic medicines: Medications prescribed for people with hypertension or water retention serve to increase water excretion from the body and thus lead to frequent urination.
As a rule, they are taken in the morning or during lunch so as not to have to get up so often at night to go to the toilet.
Neurological disorders: Stroke or other neurological diseases can damage the nerves of the bladder and lead to dysfunction of this organ such as frequent, painful and sudden urination.
Radiation therapy: Radiation treatments in the bladder area as therapy against a bladder tumor can weaken the walls of this organ.
It can take up to a year for micturition to return to normal.
Other causes: This urological problem can be favored by diseases such as bladder dysfunction, overactive bladder and congenital heart failure.
Some other possible causes may include the consumption of alcohol or other caffeinated beverages.
Age: This is an important factor, because with increasing age, the muscles in the pelvic area and bladder are weakened and an affected person is no longer able to retain the same amount of urine as in younger years.
Causes of frequent micturition in women
Hormonal changes: During the hormonal cycle, during pregnancy and menopause, there are changes in hormone levels and the frequency of urination increases.
This could be due to the effect of the hormones on the expandability of the bladder.
Multiple pregnancy: In women, another cause of frequent urination is a multiple pregnancy.
This occurs due to the increasing pressure on the bladder caused by the growth of the uterus.
Urinary tract infections: In women, one of the most common health problems is urinary tract infection, which leads to frequent urination.
Interstitial cystitis: Another problem is cystitis or interstitial cystitis, which can cause frequent urination in women.
During menstruation and stressful situations, symptoms may worsen.
The woman often has to go to the toilet, even if she drinks little.
It is advisable to urinate after sexual intercourse to prevent this disease.
Diabetes: A common condition for both sexes is diabetes, which can also lead to increased micturition.
This symptom occurs in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes and occurs due to elevated blood sugar levels. The body tries to excrete the unused sugar in the blood through the urine.
Bladder cancer: Frequent urination can be a symptom of bladder cancer, which can also lead to other symptoms:
- Painful urination
- Sudden urge to urinate
- Involuntary loss of urine
- Stomach ache
In addition to the above causes, there are other diseases and lifestyle factors that can cause this problem. The following are listed these diseases:
- Ovarian cyst/nephritis/renal insufficiency
- Overactive bladder/bladder infection/vaginitis
- Reduced bladder/kidney stones
- Tumors on the bladder, ovaries, or uterus
- Heart disease/multiple sclerosis
- Age/stress/intake of large amounts of fluid
- Taking medicines such as diuretics
- Cold can cause the feeling of a full bladder
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STD)
- Regular consumption of artificial sweeteners/caffeine/alcohol
Women usually reduce water intake and retain urine for long periods of time to avoid going to the toilet due to hygienic and other reasons.
Over time, this can cause discomfort such as infections and the associated symptoms such as frequent urination.
Anxiety and emotional tension
Worry and anxiety can cause frequent urge to urinate.
In addition to these symptoms, women can also often get diarrhea.
Frequent urge to urinate in children
Stress and anxiety: In children, frequent urination can be a result of emotionality.
If a child feels under pressure, then a day or two after this situation, he may feel the urge to go to the toilet more often.
Behavioral causes: Frequent urination can also be the result of behavioral reasons.
Many boys and girls drink too much. This can lead to frequent and abundant urination.
Children in the age group of 3-4 years are often fascinated by the process of micturition and the need to keep still and urinate frequently.
This is a peculiarity in behavior. However, this habit passes over the course of about 6 months.
Many children also learn intelligently to avoid lessons by going to the toilet; immediately after that, they drink water again so that they have to walk again about an hour later.
Most educators very quickly understand the situation and put an end to this habit.
Diabetes mellitus: If the child has diabetes, they may also suffer from diseases such as polyuria (increased urine output), polyphagia (eating more than usual), polydipsia (drinking more than usual) and weight loss.
Diabetes insipidus: Diabetes insipidus is not a very common cause of increased urination.
If the child suffers from this form of diabetes, he may have a deficiency of vasopressin.
Pollakiuria: Pollakiuria is common in children in the age group of 3 to 8 years. There are no other symptoms in this disorder.
Urinary tract infection: A very common cause, even in women, is urinary tract infections, which are a reason for frequent urination. If a child suffers from an infection of the urinary tract, then there is not only frequent urination. The child also suffers from:
- Urge to urinate (need to go to the toilet quickly)
- Dysuria (burning and pain when urinating)
- Cloudy urine or blood in the urine
- Stomach ache
Bladder emptying disorder: In children, frequent urination also occurs due to this condition, in which some children do not completely empty the bladder because they are afraid of missing something or because they want to return to their game immediately.
Vulvovaginitis: If you have a daughter, vulvovaginitis (or inflammation in the outer area of the vagina) can be the cause of frequent urination.
Frequent urination during pregnancy
If new life grows in the mother’s womb, the pregnant woman should increase her drinking amount and follow some dietary guidelines.
It is necessary to ensure that the fetus receives all the nutrients.
Due to these lifestyle changes, various changes occur in the body during pregnancy.
These include an increase in blood volume as well as cardiac output.
Because blood volume increases, the kidneys have to work harder to excrete the waste products.
This leads to higher urine production and increased urination.
When the pelvic floor muscles weaken, symptoms such as involuntary leakage of urine occur when coughing or sneezing.
The second trimester is the time when the woman feels less often increased urge to urinate.
This is because the uterus shifts more upwards in the second trimester.
Later, the uterus expands to make room for the growing fetus.
The result is that there is greater pressure on the pelvic region.
In the third trimester, the child lowers downwards, and the pressure on the bladder increases considerably.
During this period, the bladder experiences strong pressure.
For this reason, women in pregnancy tend to have more frequent micturition.
What can be done with frequent micturition in pregnancy?
Women have to expect a whole range of symptoms during pregnancy, but the thought of giving strength to the nascent life in their body overcomes all these complaints.
However, there are natural remedies to reduce these complaints to a minimum.
As for micturition, the best precaution is not to drink diuretic fluids.
Tea, alcohol, coffee and carbonated drinks should be avoided completely.
However, women must never make the mistake of reducing the consumption of water or other beverages in order to have to urinate less during pregnancy.
Reducing fluid can lead to dehydration.
Since dehydration can lead to various health problems, care should be taken to ensure adequate fluid intake throughout the period of pregnancy.
Frequent micturition during the night
Causes and therapy
There are many causes of nocturia. They are listed together with therapy:
Diabetes mellitus: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common causes of frequent urination. Thus, one of the symptoms of diabetes is nocturnal micturition. This is especially seen in poorly controlled diabetes, diabetogenic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome.
Therapy: Diabetes is a serious disease. Diabetics need to lower their sugar levels before they reach too high levels.
Diabetes insipidus: Diabetes insipidus alone is not a very common cause of excessive urination.
However, when this disease occurs, nocturia can be one of the few obvious symptoms.
In this case, the patient drinks a lot, and the urine is transparent.
Therapy: There is currently no corresponding hormone replacement therapy available for diabetes insipidus. Nevertheless, some medicines can help patients, for example diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix). It is important that the person drinks enough, because patients with diabetes insipidus can dry out quickly.
Prostate disorders: In men, disorders of the prostate are the main cause of nocturia.
Prostate complaints often show up as mild pain near the groin area, accompanied by frequent urge to urinate.
Disorders of the prostate include enlargement of the prostate, benign prostatic hypertrophy and prostate cancer.
Therapy: The treatment of prostate disorders is lengthy and complicated. Appropriate examinations must be carried out in order to precisely determine the disease affecting the prostate. That is, it must be determined whether it is a benign, age-related hypertrophy or cancer.
The treatment is different and depends on the underlying disease.