Frequent urination (or pollakiuria) may indicate a temporary harmless situation such as pregnancy or a serious illness such as a urinary tract infection.
- In men
- In women
- In children
- During pregnancy
- What to do during pregnancy?
- At night
Frequent micturition in men
The urge to urinate frequently occurs more frequently in the elderly.
Nevertheless, the increased urge to urinate can not only be associated with age.
Some people think that frequent urination is good for the organism or helps to lose weight. But in reality, this is not the case.
Causes of frequent micturition in men
The urge for frequent urination can be a symptom of various diseases.
Here are some conditions that are responsible for this urological problem in men.
Urinary tract infection: Frequent urination during the day and during the night is a common symptom of urinary tract infections that arise due to bacterial intrusion into the urinary tract.
Bacteria such as Escherichia coli damage tissues and can also spread into:
Diabetes: If there is an increased urge to urinate during the day, this could be an early sign of type 1 or 2 diabetes.
Due to the increase in blood sugar, the body seeks to excrete this compound through the urine. This can result in dehydration in men.
Problems with the prostate: Another cause in men is an enlarged prostate or benign prostatic hypertrophy.
The enlarged prostate presses against the urethra (the channel where urine drains outwards) and obstructs the flow of urine.
To solve this problem, the muscle (detrusor) of the bladder wall contracts even if there is only a small amount of urine inside the organ.
The result is a frequent urge to urinate every two hours or even every hour.
If the man goes to the toilet, he urinates only a little.
Interstitial cystitis: Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a painful condition that develops due to inflammation of the bladder wall tissue.
It is characterized by pain or discomfort in the pelvis or bladder. This disease often includes symptoms such as frequent urination or sudden urge to urinate.
Diuretic medicines: Medications prescribed for people with hypertension or water retention lead to increased water excretion from the body and thus frequent urination.
As a rule, they are taken in the morning or during lunch so as not to have to get up to the toilet so often at night.
Neurological disorders: Stroke or other neurological diseases can damage the nerves of the bladder and lead to dysfunction of this organ, including frequent, painful and sudden urination.
Radiation therapy: Radiation treatment in the bladder area as a therapy for a bladder tumor can weaken the wall of this organ.
The effect is that it can take up to a year for the functions to return to normal.
Other causes: These urological problems can be favored by diseases such as:
- bladder dysfunction,
- Overactive bladder,
- Other caffeinated beverages.
Causes of frequent micturition in women
Hormonal changes: Pregnancy and menopause can increase the frequency of micturition because they affect the ability to increase the size of the bladder.
Multiple pregnancy: In women, another cause of frequent urination is a multiple pregnancy.
This is due to the increasing pressure on the bladder caused by the growth of the uterus.
Urinary tract infections: In women, one of the most common health problems is urinary tract infection, which leads to frequent urination.
It is advisable to urinate after sexual intercourse to prevent cystitis, which can spread to other organs of the urinary tract.
Interstitial cystitis: Another problem is interstitial cystitis, which can cause frequent urination in women.
During menstruation and stressful situations, symptoms may worsen.
The woman often has to go to the toilet, even if she drinks little.
Diabetes: A common condition for both sexes is diabetes, which can also lead to increased micturition.
This symptom occurs in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes and occurs due to elevated blood sugar levels. The body tries to excrete the unnecessary sugar in the blood through the urine.
Bladder cancer: Frequent urination can be a symptom of bladder cancer, which can also lead to other symptoms, such as:
- Painful urination
- Sudden urge to urinate
- Abdominal pain
- Back pain.
In addition to the above causes, there are other diseases and lifestyle factors that cause this problem. The following are listed these diseases:
- Ovarian cysts/nephritis/renal insufficiency
- Overactive bladder/bladder infection/vaginitis
- Reduced bladder
- Tumor of the bladder, ovaries or uterus
- Heart disease/multiple sclerosis
- Age/stress/intake of large amounts of fluid
- Taking medicines such as diuretics
- Cold can cause the feeling of a full bladder
- Communicable STDs (STD)
- Regular consumption of artificial sweeteners/caffeine/alcohol
Women usually reduce water intake and retain urine for long periods of time to avoid going to the toilet because of hygienic problems and other reasons.
Over time, this can cause discomfort such as infections and the associated symptoms such as frequent urination.
Anxiety and emotional tension
Worry and anxiety can cause frequent urination.
In addition to these symptoms, women can also often get diarrhea.
Frequent urge to urinate in children
Stress and anxiety
In children, frequent urination can be a consequence of emotionality.
If a child feels under pressure, he or she may feel the urge to go to the toilet even more often a day or two later.
Behavioral causes: Frequent urination can also be the result of behavioral reasons.
Many boys and girls drink too much. This can lead to frequent and abundant urination.
Children in the age group of 3-4 years are often fascinated by the process of micturition and the need to keep still and urinate frequently.
This is a peculiarity in behavior. However, this habit passes over the course of about 6 months.
Many children also intelligently learn to stay away from class by going to the toilet and drinking plenty of water afterwards so that they have to leave again an hour later.
Most educators recognize the situation very quickly and put an end to this habit.
Diabetes mellitus: If the child has diabetes, they may also suffer from diseases such as polyuria (increased urine output), polyphagia (eating more than usual), polydipsia (drinking more than usual) and weight loss.
Diabetes insipidus: Diabetes insipidus is not a very common cause of increased urination.
If the child suffers from this form of diabetes, they may have a deficiency of vasopressin (hormone called ADH).
In this case, the child drinks a lot and excretes a lot, and often urine.
Urinary tract infection: A very common cause in women is urinary tract infections, which are a reason for frequent urination. If a child suffers from an infection of the urinary tract, then there is not only frequent urination. The child also suffers from:
- Urge to urinate (having to go to the toilet quickly)
- Dysuria (burning and pain when urinating)
- Cloudy urine or blood in the urine
- Stomach ache
Bladder emptying disorder: Frequent urination is also observed in children due to this condition, in which some children do not completely empty the bladder because they want to return to their game immediately.
Vulvovaginitis: Vulvovaginitis (or inflammation in the outer area of the vagina) can be the cause of frequent urination.
Frequent urination during pregnancy
If new life grows in the mother’s womb, the pregnant woman should:
- increase your drinking,
- Follow some dietary guidelines.
It is necessary to ensure that the fetus receives all the nutrients.
Due to these lifestyle changes during pregnancy, various changes occur in the body.
- An increase in blood volume,
- Increased cardiac output.
Because blood volume increases, the kidneys have to work harder to excrete the waste products.
This leads to higher urine production and increased urination.
If the pelvic floor muscles weaken, symptoms such as involuntary urine leakage when coughing or sneezing may occur.
The second trimester is the time when the woman feels an urge to urinate less often.
This is because the uterus shifts more upwards in the second trimester.
Later, the uterus expands to accommodate the growing fetus.
The result is that there is greater pressure on the pelvic region.
In the third trimester:
- If the child lowers downwards,
- The pressure on the bladder increases considerably.
During this period, strong pressure is exerted on the bladder.
For this reason, women in pregnancy tend to have more frequent micturition.
What can be done with frequent micturition in pregnancy?
As for micturition, the best precaution is not to drink diuretic fluids.
To be avoided completely:
- Carbonated drinks.
However, women should never make the mistake of reducing their consumption of water or other beverages in order to urinate less during pregnancy.
Reducing fluid can lead to dehydration.
Frequent micturition during the night
There are many causes of nocturia. They are listed together with therapy:
Diabetes mellitus: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common causes of frequent urination.
One of the symptoms of diabetes is nocturnal micturition.
Therapy: Diabetes is a serious disease. Diabetics need to lower their sugar levels with the help of the therapy recommended by the doctor and the appropriate change in diet.
Diabetes insipidus: Diabetes insipidus alone is not a common cause of excessive urination.
However, when this clinical picture occurs, nocturia is one of the most obvious symptoms.
In this case, the patient drinks a lot and excretes a lot of transparent urine.
Therapy: There is currently no corresponding hormone replacement therapy available for diabetes insipidus.
Nevertheless, some medicines can help patients, for example diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix).
It is also important that the person drinks enough, because patients with diabetes insipidus can dry out quickly.
Prostate disorders: In men, disorders of the prostate are the main cause of nocturia.
Disorders of the prostate include:
- enlargement of the prostate,
- Benign prostatic hypertrophy,
- Prostate cancer.
Therapy: the treatment of prostate disorders is lengthy and complicated. Appropriate examinations must be carried out to accurately confirm the disease affecting the prostate. This means that it must be determined whether the hypertrophy is benign and age-appropriate or a cancer.
The treatment is therefore different and depends on the underlying disease.
Remedies: Pumpkin seeds are a very good remedy for people who wake up at night to urinate.
It is enough to eat two teaspoons of pumpkin seeds every night before bedtime.
It is also advisable to go to the toilet again just before lying down.