A high fever in children can be caused by many different diseases, among the most frequent are the infections viral and bacterial.
Some children may also have a fever when they are growing teeth.
- 1 Cough and fever in children
- 2 Causes
- 3 Fever without symptoms in children
- 4 Natural Remedies for Fever and Cough in Children
- 5 When to worry about baby fever?
- 6 When to seek the doctor?
- 7 When is it necessary to go to the hospital?
- 8 Fever that often comes and goes in children
- 9 Causes of intermittent fever
- 10 What to do? How to treat fever in children
- 11 What to eat? Diet and Feeding for Fever in Children
- 12 Treatment for fever in children and paracetamol
Causes of Low Fever in Children
Viral infections, such as a common cold and flu, are diseases that cause low fever more often in children.
Among other reasons are:
- Ear infection ( otitis media )
- Urinary infection
- Fifth disease
- Hand-foot-mouth disease
- Scarlet fever
- Dengue fever (transmitted by mosquito bites of the genus Aedes).
Sometimes there are other symptoms along with the fever, for example:
- Sore throat ,
- Stuffy nose ,
- Swollen eyes ,
- Cold hands and feet ,
- Tremors ,
- Vomiting ,
- Nausea ,
- Diarrhea .
Blood-stained mucus can be a symptom of serious diseases such as:
- Tuberculosis ,
These diseases are rare in children and are more likely to be a small broken capillary in the nose that bleeds. It often happens when the baby has been chilling for several days.
Cough and fever in children
Teeth: Teeth growth is one of the most common causes of cough and low fever in young children.
Excessive salivation during tooth formation causes coughing.
According to some pediatricians, inflammation of the gums causes mild fever (below 37.5 ° C) during tooth growth.
Since tooth birth is a normal phenomenon, parents should not worry about these symptoms.
Asthma: the Asthma is a respiratory disease that can cause chronic cough in children.
The main symptoms are:
Respiratory infections :
Infections of the respiratory tract viral or bacterial type may cause:
Fever between 38 and 39 ° C can also be a contraindication of the vaccine ; should pass in two days.
Cold / flu
The flu and colds are the most common causes of cough and fever.
Upper respiratory tract infections (nose and throat) cause:
Fever without symptoms in children
One mistake of many parents is to begin treatment based on the temperature indicated by a thermometer.
However, experts believe that the important thing is the child’s behavior .
For example, if the child has a high fever but does not behave like a sick person, there is no need to worry too much.
In such cases, the child:
- It should not be covered with very warm clothing.
- The heart rate accelerates about 10 beats per minute for each degree of temperature rise, it is a normal reaction.
- The child needs to drink a lot to avoid dehydration .
However, infants less than three months of age should be taken to the doctor even if there is a mild fever.
Natural Remedies for Fever and Cough in Children
Depending on the cause and severity of the disease, you can opt for some simple home remedies that can help reduce:
- The irritation caused by the cough.
Coughing up mucus and phlegm can reduce symptoms, but children usually tend to swallow mucus.
The use of a vaporizer is the best remedy against:
- Nasal congestion,
- The sore throat.
Among her grandmother’s remedies there are the gargares with salt and water , and it is possible to add a pinch of saffron.
The child can take a hot bath because the steam helps unblock the nose and dilute the mucus that causes the cough with phlegm.
When to worry about baby fever?
If the rectal temperature measurement is greater than 37.5 degrees, this means that the child has a fever, while at the armpit level the value drops to 37 degrees.
Above 40 degrees, the child has a high fever.
It is possible to have a fever only at night and the cause can be an illness such as:
- A mononucleose,
- Post-acute gastroenteritis .
At night, the temperature is higher, near 37 ° C even in healthy people.
When to seek the doctor?
The normal temperature of the human body (external) is less than 37 degrees. When the temperature rises above that level, it means the child has a fever. When the child’s temperature is over 37.5 degrees, an infection may be in progress.
If the child has other symptoms, the cause may be:
- A viral infection.
You should see a doctor if:
- The child is less than one year old,
- The child continues to have fever without symptoms for a week; usually passes in 4 or 5 days,
- The child has symptoms of serious illnesses (eg, meningitis and pneumonia ), such as:
When is it necessary to go to the hospital?
Symptoms that can indicate serious problems include:
2. Heavy breathing,
3. Pale skin or pallor,
4. Muscle aches strong,
5. Purple Lips,
6. Vomiting ,
7. Lack of appetite and refusal to eat,
8. Diarrhea persistent,
9. cramps in the stomach ,
10. Confusion .
If the child has some of these problems along with the fever, it is best to go to the ER. Your doctor may do some tests before starting treatment.
Fever that often comes and goes in children
Recurrent fever means that the symptom passes, but returns often.
It often occurs in conjunction with other serious symptoms, such as:
- Constant vomiting,
- Loss of appetite,
- Joint pain, etc.
Some causes of recurrent fever are:
Syndromes of fever that comes and goes
There are some genetic diseases in which the person has recurrent episodes of relapse of fever.
These diseases are known as autoinflammatory diseases and among them are:
1. Family Mediterranean fever (FMF), cause:
- 1-3 days of fever,
- Chest and abdominal pain,
- Skin rashes,
- Joint pain .
2. Hyperimmunoglobulinemia D, is a syndrome characterized by an excessive concentration of immunoglobulins in the plasma. The disease causes fever for 5 days accompanied by:
- Skin rashes,
- Swollen lymph nodes ,
- Abdominal and joint pains.
3. PFAPA syndrome , it is a disease that causes aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenopathy (swelling of the lymph nodes).
Intermittent fever means that the disease does not cause constant fever. For example, fever occurs every other day or returns after several days of absence.
Causes of intermittent fever
Intestinal flu or gastroenteritis is a disease characterized by inflammation of:
The cause is an infection by:
- Fever of long duration,
- Headache ,
- Fatigue ,
- Loss of appetite,
- Blood or mucus in the stool .
is an infection caused by the bacterium Brucella; humans who come into contact with infected animals are at risk of contracting the bacteria.
The infection is transmitted to humans through:
- Ingestion of non-sterilized milk,
- Contact with infected animals.
Symptoms of this disease include:
- Joint and muscular pain,
- Profuse sweating,
- Fever that goes up and down.
Malaria is caused by Plasmodium vivax infection that causes symptoms such as:
Tuberculosis is characterized by fever that rises in the afternoon.
At night there is nocturnal sweating .
In the morning the patient has no fever or is low.
If left untreated, the disease:
- It can last several months,
- It can be even deadly.
With the right treatments, it will be resolved within a week.
Typhoid fever is one of the most common causes of continuous fever.
This is a disease that affects the gastrointestinal tract and is caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi.
Symptoms of typhoid fever include:
- Slowly progressive fever (first week),
- Continuous high fever (second week),
- Skin rashes,
- Profuse sweating.
Typhoid fever can heal completely or become chronic.
In the case of serious blood infections such as sepsis , fever is always present. High fever can also worsen during the day.
What to do? How to treat fever in children
The following natural remedies do not change if the child is one year, two years, or seven years old, except feeding because babies can not eat solid foods.
- If the fever is low the child may leave the house , but in winter it is necessary to cover it well.
- If the child has a high fever, no cold sponge baths should be made . In fact, the sponges to lower the temperature have the opposite effect because the body will try to compensate the cold warming even more.
- Avoid applying ice pack on the child’s body because this can aggravate the situation.
- At night, it is advisable to apply a compress (cataplasm) of clay or soil to the belly . This absorbs the heat and toxins present inside the body.
- Do not cover the child with very heavy blankets ; a sheet is sufficient on a shirt (minimum clothing).
- Do not forget to keep your child in a well ventilated place , even in the winter months.
- The temperature of the room should never be so low as to make the child tremble from cold, because the chills can raise the temperature of the body. The ideal temperature is 19-20 degrees.
What to eat? Diet and Feeding for Fever in Children
It is recommended to follow a light diet based on natural foods and vegetables.
If the child is not hungry, he should not be forced to eat.
Food must be avoided:
Breastfeeding can continue even if the child has a fever. Garlic , onions , potatoes and egg white are
believed to help lower the fever.
Drinking herbal teas, hot soups and gargling with salt water can help alleviate symptoms such as:
- Irritation in the throat.
Hot liquids can thin the mucus.
Treatment for fever in children and paracetamol
Antibiotics are only used to treat fever caused by bacterial infections.
Do not give aspirin to children and newborns because it can cause Reye’s syndrome.
Acetaminophen (acetaminophen) is the most prescribed and safe medication that can also be taken by the baby to reduce fever, but only if it is prescribed by the doctor or pediatrician.
It is best to avoid giving medicines to children if they are not needed.
In addition to medications, children should rest in bed for quick relief.
Some pediatricians prescribe corticosteroids (eg Bentelan ®) instead of paracetamol when fever does not subside, but cortisone causes many side effects, so be very careful.
Some non-steroidal anti-inflammatories such as Novalgina® have an antipyretic effect and may therefore be prescribed by the pediatrician.