The consumption of contaminated water and food is the main form of transmission of cholera . The disease is common mainly in places without basic sanitation. Simple hygiene care is enough to avoid the problem.
Infectious and contagious disease, which affects the small intestine, is caused by the bacterium vibrio cholera or vibrio cholerae . Its transmission happens through contact with poorly washed food, water with the presence of feces or people who have already been infected.
Poorly hygienic places are the most affected by this health problem. One of the main symptoms is grayish, liquid-looking diarrhea , which appears suddenly, in addition to vomiting.
Symptoms can lead to exaggerated loss of mineral salts and fluids in the body, which can lead to dehydration, kidney failure, hypotension and, in more severe cases, lead to death.
Symptoms are checked by the doctor, who may require a stool test to diagnose the disease. After discovery, its treatment consists of rehydration by means of serum. The use of antibiotics may be necessary.
Avoid consuming poorly prepared, raw or undercooked foods;
In case of doubt about the origin of the food, it is better to avoid it;
Keep the kitchen and its utensils always sanitized;
Wash your hands after going to the bathroom;
Drink drinking water;
Prefer to buy food in trustworthy establishments;
Before preparing vegetables, fruits and vegetables, dip them in water and add a few drops of hypochlorite (a spoon of bleach can replace it if necessary)