Among the causes of tension headache are:

Symptoms of Tension Headache Tension
headache causes generalized pain in the back of the head and neck. 
The pain is like a tight band around the back of the neck and head. 
Feel the contracture of the muscles also behind the neck.

Source headache vascular
migraine can occur due to a vascular problem that can be accompanied by nauseavomiting , photophobia (sensitivity to light).

Headache of cervical origin Cervical
headache causes pain in the neck that extends to the head. 
The origin of the pain is usually the neck from where it radiates to the eye area , earsand sometimes to the top of the head. 
This headache usually occurs due to poor posture that causes a dysfunction of the joints. 
The worst position of the neck is the one with the chin that moves forward, but remains at the same height (as when leaning). 
Among the causes of this type of headache are injuries to the head and neck caused by a whiplash (collision between two cars).


Symptoms of cervical
headaches Constant and dull pain on one side of the head (may be unilateral or bilateral). 
The person feels stiffness in the neck. 
Pain in the nape of the neck radiating to the back of the head and eyes. 
The duration of the headache can range from a few hours to a few weeks.

Muscular headache
When the muscles of the neck  are excessively contracted, muscular headache occurs. 
This pain of head head is usually caused by stiffness or tightness of the neck muscles due to trauma such as whiplash, poor posture,  stress at work, etc.

There are some points called trigger points  where the muscle is hard and painful. When the trigger points are active they can cause distant pain. 
There are muscles in the neck that can cause pain from the nape to the forehead if these points are active, for example:

  • Suboccipital muscles
  • Or esternocleidomastóideo .

There are several effective treatments for this disorder, the simplest and most practical being “ischemic compression,” a type of manual therapy based on pressure maintained at the trigger point.


Occipital neuralgia
The occipital bone is a bone in the back and lower part of the skull. 
Occipital neuralgia is a disease that occurs when the occipital nerves are compressed, stretched or injured. 
The upper and back of the head are innervated by these nerves. 
The person may feel pain in the back of the head in case:

  • Injury to the neck,
  • Infections,
  • Tumors
  • Artrose cervical,
  • Compression of the vertebral column.


Headache behind the eyes

Common Causes

  • Tension headache
  • Astigmatism
  • Presbiopia ( eyestrain )
  • Hyperopia or myopia
  • Contact lenses
  • Migraine with aura
  • Orbital inflammatory syndrome
  • Premenstrual syndrome (occurs a few days before menstruation )
  • Dry Eye : A common problem, especially among people who spend all day in front of a computer screen. 
    The patient has constant itching and severe pain behind the eye.
  • Sinusitis : the infection of the sinuses can cause a throbbing pain behind the eyes. The patient may also suffer from runny nose, hypersensitivity to light andfever . 
  • Scleritis:  Scleritis can be caused by other diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and gout . 
    It is an inflammation that causes pain and red eyes .
  • Orbital inflammatory syndrome
  • Paralysis of the cranial nerves: When the blood flow to the nerves and muscles around the eyes is irregular, paralysis of the cranial nerves may occur. This causes a severe headache behind the left eye and also causes double vision .
  • Optic neuritis :  this disease causes headaches, but also mental confusion and difficulty distinguishing colors. 
    It is diagnosed when it affects the muscles around the eye.

Headache in salvos
This type of headache lasts for a few weeks or months. 
When a person suffers from this type of headache, sometimes he feels a throbbing pain twice a day. 
The pain can last for about 30 to 90 minutes, is very strong and occurs on one side of the head near or behind the eye. 
Sometimes the nose runs in people with this disease.


Coughing headache

The headache caused by coughing is of two types: primary and secondary. 
The actual cause of the primary headache when coughing is not known, but many doctors say it can be caused by an increase in intracranial pressure. 
Causes of primary headache include trauma , prolonged laughter, long crying, etc.

The headache during the secondary type cough is much more severe. 
An abnormality in the shape of the skull or a part of the brain that moves at the base of the skull ( Arnold- Chirie syndrome ) is one of the main causes of this constant headache. 
Finally, a brain tumor can be a reason for headache when you cough or sneeze.

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