Headache of cervical origin or behind the eyes


Pain in the back of the head and neck

Tension headache
The tension headache arises due to tension in the muscles of the neck or skull.
The affected person probably feels a feeling of tension in the head.

Causes of tension headache include:

  • Insomnia
  • Bruxism (nocturnal teeth grinding)
  • Stress
  • Fear
  • Alcohol
  • improper nutrition
  • in women, menstruation due to hormonal fluctuations
  • Fatigue

Symptoms of tension headache
The tension headache causes diffuse pain in the back of the head and neck.
The pain is like a tight-fitting band around the back of the head and neck area.
Vascular headache
Migraine can arise due to a vascular problem, which may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting and photophobia (hypersensitivity to light).

Headache of cervical origin
Cervical cephalgia causes neck pain that spreads to the head. The origin of pain, as a rule, is the neck, from where it radiates to the area of eyes, ears, and sometimes to the upper parts of the head.

This cephalgia usually arises from poor posture, which causes a malfunction of the joints.
The most unfavorable position of the neck is when the chin shifts forward, but remains at the same height.
Among the causes of this type of headache are lesions on the neck and head, caused by whiplash (rear-end collision).

Symptoms of cervical headache
There is a dull and constant pain on one side of the head (can be unilateral or bilateral).
People feel a stiffness in the throat.
Pain in the back of the neck radiates over the back of the head and into the eyes.

Headache of muscular origin

If the neck muscles are very tense, headaches of muscular origin occur.
These headaches are usually caused by stiffness or muscle tension of the neck due to trauma such as whiplash, poor posture, work stress, etc.

There are some points, called trigger points, where the muscle hardens and hurts. Active trigger points can cause transmission pain.
Some neck muscles can cause pain from the neck to the forehead when these points are active, for example:

  • the deep neck muscles (suboccipital muscles),
  • the large head turner (sternocleidomastoid muscle).

There are several effective forms of treatment for this disorder, simple and convenient is “ischemic compression”, a manual therapy based on prolonged pressure on the trigger points.

Occipital neuralgia
The occipital bone (os occipitale) is a bone in the posterior and lower skull area.
Occipital neuralgia is a condition in which the occipitalis nerves are pinched, stretched or injured.
The upper and back parts of the head are innervated by these nerves.
The person may feel pain in the back of the head in the following cases:

  • Injury to the neck
  • Infections
  • Tumors
  • Cervical osteoarthritis
  • Compression of the spine

Headache behind the eyes

Most common causes

  • Tension headache
  • Astigmatism (astigmatism)
  • Presbyopia (farsightedness)
  • Hypermyopia or myopia (myopia)
  • Contact lenses
  • Migraine with aura
  • Orbital inflammatory syndrome
  • Premenstrual syndrome (occurs a few days before the menstrual period)
  • Dry eye: A common problem, especially among people who spend all day in front of a computer’s screen.
    Patients feel constant itching and severe pain behind the eyes.
  • Sinusitis: Infection of the sinuses can lead to launching pain behind the eye.
    The patient may also suffer from runny nose, sensitivity to light and fever.
  • Scleritis: The inflammation of the sclera of the eye can be caused by other conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
    It is a condition that leads to reddened eyes and pain.
  • Orbital inflammatory syndrome
  • Cranial nerve palsy: If the blood flow to nerves and muscles in the eye area is irregular, cranial nerve palsy can occur. This causes severe headaches behind the left eye. In addition, double images are created.
  • Optic neuritis: Inflammation of the optic nerve causes headaches, but also mental confusion and difficulty distinguishing colors.
    It is diagnosed when the muscles around the eyes are affected.

Cluster headache
This type of headache lasts for a few weeks or months. If a person suffers from this type of headache, he sometimes feels pulsating pain twice a day.

The pain can last for about 30-90 minutes, is very severe and occurs on one side of the head near or behind the eye.
Sometimes the nose drips at such an event.

Headache when coughing

Headaches that occur when coughing can be of two types: primary or secondary.
The real cause of primary headaches is not known, but many doctors claim that this could be due to an increase in intracranial pressure.
The causes of primary cephalgia include trauma, a fit of laughter or long crying, etc.

Secondary headaches when coughing are much more serious. An abnormality of the shape of the skull, or the displacement of part of the brain at the base of the skull (Arnold-Chiari syndrome), is one of the main causes of these constant headaches.

In addition, a brain tumor can be the cause of headaches when coughing or sneezing.

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