The symptoms of anemia can vary according to the type. In the case of iron deficiency anemia, for example, signs such as tiredness , apathy, indisposition, learning difficulties and pallor of the skin and mucous membranes, such as in the inner part of the eye and gums, may be present.
In general, anemia has the main symptom of tiredness due to less oxygen transport to cells and tissues. The faster anemia takes over the body, the more tiredness and weakness the patient feels.
The types of anemia that set in slowly, in general, give the patient’s body time to adapt and symptoms may appear more intensely when there is a more severe stage.
Patients with acute anemia, for example, may have as a main characteristic a drop in blood pressure, due to the reduction in blood volume.
Under certain conditions, symptoms can be an impediment to performing simple everyday tasks. The main ones are:
- Lack of energy;
- Loss of appetite;
- Apathy (most noticeable in children, when they appear to be very “still”);
- Learning difficulties (in children);
- Chest pain;
- Generalized fatigue;
- Lack of air;
- Indisposition to work;
- Paleness of skin and mucous membranes (inner part of the eye, gums);
- Tachycardia (racing heart).
However, as they are not specific signs, laboratory diagnosis is necessary. When identifying with the signs of anemia, it is essential to see a doctor to investigate the cause.