Viral disease that mainly affects the genital region or the lips. Characterized by small blisters, herpes has no cure and can lead to neurological problems.
The infection can happen by the virus Herpes Simples 2 , which affects the genitals, or Herpes Simples 1 , which attacks the region of the mouth, causing inflammation in the gums (called gingivostomatitis). There are rare cases with implications for the eyes (keratoconjunctivitis) and the brain, when it can become inflamed or swollen, called encephalitis .
It is caused by the virus of the herpeviridae family. It can be transmitted by direct physical contact, even if there is no infection or injury exposed, or through objects, but the latter is less common.
This STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease) can disappear and then reappear, due to factors such as excess tiredness , stress , fever , trauma, exposure to the sun, in addition to the long-term use of antibiotics or the long menstrual cycle.
The first signs of herpes are: fever, malaise, headaches and muscle aches, as well as itching, tingling and burning in the affected area. The bubbles appear shortly thereafter, because of the multiplication of the virus. They are found mainly in the private parts and in the mouth. They contain a contagious liquid and can break, forming wounds. These injuries disappear and reappear spontaneously, without leaving a scar.
The sites usually affected by viruses are: cervix, anus, vagina and penis. The time between the spread of herpes and the initial symptoms is two weeks.
In more complicated cases, it is necessary to perform cytological tests, which consist of cell analysis, to identify the presence of the virus. In other situations, a clinical examination may be sufficient to diagnose the problem.
There is no specific treatment. However, a biopsy may be requested, so that samples of the skin are analyzed and the best form of treatment is indicated.
To avoid the disease it is necessary to take care of hygiene, use condoms during sexual intercourse and not use objects from people with herpes.
Some antiviral drugs used against the disease are Zovirax ¹, Penciclovir² and Valtrex ³.
Zovirax¹: ointment indicated for recurrence of the disease and initial lesions, especially in the case of cold sores .
Penciclovir²: responsible for decreasing the reproduction and development of the virus.
Valtrex³: used to prevent the development of herpes lesions on mucous membranes, skin and genitals.