Endometriosis: do you know what it is?
Endometriosis is a very common health problem among young women, who are in their fertile period . The disease usually comes with a lot of pain and, because of this, it can affect the quality of life of the patient, who will suffer constantly with severe menstrual cramps.
The problem may arise after the first menstruation, but it is more common for it to happen between 13 and 45 years of age. According to the Brazilian Association of Endometriosis and Gynecology, it affects approximately six million Brazilians.
It is characterized by inadequate growth of the endometrium, tissue that covers the inside of the uterus and develops monthly to enable a possible pregnancy. When it does not happen, the endometrium begins to peel, generating menstruation. But, when it grows and accumulates in other regions, such as the ovaries and tubes, the problem is called endometriosis, and it is possible that it can happen even in the bladder.
The types of endometriosis
Considered the most serious type, deep endometriosis is responsible for the intense and frequent symptoms that are felt. The problem usually forms lumps that reach the rectum, the genitals and even the intestine. Women with deep endometriosis have a high chance of becoming infertile. Bleeding correction can be complicated, so it is necessary to analyze the risks that the procedure can cause.
Small cysts end up being formed with the blood that lodges in the ovaries with each menstrual cycle. With that, they end up growing more and more over the months. Its size can drastically affect a woman’s fertility, so it is necessary to look for treatment options as soon as possible. Most of the time it ends up being essential to remove the formed cysts.
One of the mildest types, consists of the formation of small lesions in the pelvic region. Its diagnosis is extremely complicated due to its superficiality. Most of the time, women end up discovering its existence through the performance of surgeries that analyze the place. Although it is not considered serious, when it is discovered, it is necessary that it is accompanied frequently by a gynecologist.
This type is very rare and affects the region between the rectum and the vagina. There is still little information about how the endometrial tissue reaches this region.
It often happens after surgical procedures. The appearance of cysts that are located close to the region of the surgery is common.