Weight Loss During Pregnancy
Why do you lose weight during pregnancy?
It seems strange to lose weight when a woman expects a child, but if weight loss occurs in the first trimester, there is probably no cause for concern.
What could cause weight loss during pregnancy ?
The morning sickness accompanied by loss of appetite can lead to loss of a few kilos in the first quarter.
It is not the case to worry: this loss is more than compensated in the following months.
Most women gain only two or three pounds in the first three months.
When to worry about weight loss or lack of weight gain in pregnancy?
Losing weight in the first trimester is very frequent and the increase during the first trimester is only three pounds.
If a woman began the pregnancy at 65 kg and in the second trimester weighs only 60/62 pounds, this can be completely normal.
The doctor should perform a periodic examination to control body weight.
For most women, however, weight gain begins in the second trimester, even if they lose weight during the first three months of pregnancy.
When is it necessary to go to the doctor for weight loss during pregnancy?
If the woman continues to lose weight or is unable to eat, she should see the doctor.
If a woman is thinner at the end of her pregnancy, she may have a health problem, especially if weight loss occurs in the ninth month.
When is weight loss during pregnancy dangerous?
Although weight loss during the first three months of pregnancy is relatively frequent and generally normal, there are cases where weight loss during the first trimester may be abnormal.
If the woman has excessive morning sickness or difficulty swallowing food and liquids, including water, she may have a condition known as hyperemesis.
Hyperemesis gravidarum is a disorder characterized by frequent nausea and vomiting, can become very dangerous and may expose the mother and child to the risk of:
- Dehydration ,
- Malnutrition .
What do I need to do to treat weight loss during pregnancy?
It is possible to act so that the mother and child ingest the necessary nutrients.
- The doctor advises the pregnant woman to eat whenever she can supportthe food. An empty stomach and low blood sugar can cause nausea; therefore it is advisable to eat before you are hungry and always keep snacks close to you.
Supplementary sleep and reduced stress promote appetite.
- For a workaround it is possible to try the ginger (ginger drinks, ginger candies, meat with ginger and peas).
This can reduce nausea. Avoid excessive ginger because, according to some scientific studies, it can cause harm to the child.
- There are anti-pebile wristbands that exert pressure on the pulse acupressure point, available at most pharmacies.
The wristbands are useful for avoiding nausea and have helped many pregnant women fight nausea.
According to natural medicine and hygienism , nausea and vomiting during the first few months of pregnancy are caused by the body’s attempt to get rid of toxins.
They are not caused by:
- Stress, etc.
Therefore, one should not block the activity of the body that is trying to detoxify to avoid diseases and more serious disorders.
According to the hygienist Shelton, in case of nausea a pregnant woman may skip a few meals without risk to herself or the child.
Weight loss in newborn
Neonatal weight loss is another element of concern for parents, nurses and pediatricians.
- A weight loss of 5% (physiological decrease) in the first week of life is considered normal because babies feed on the bottle.
- A loss of 7% is physiological (normal) in the first week for a baby who is breastfed; a loss of 10% is the maximum allowed.
In the first days of lactation , the mother still does not have milk, but produces colostrum, a substance rich in antibodies, but less nutritious than the milk itself.
If the child loses 7% of the weight in the first 72 hours, breastfeeding should be controlled by a qualified professional to improve the technique.
The pediatrician may recommend integrating breastfeeding with milk powder until breastfeeding is enough.
If the child is well-fed, appears in good health and properly evacuates the stool. Another weight control should be scheduled after two days.
Weight control in the newborn
After discharge from the hospital, the baby will weigh on average 5-10% less than birth weight, but it is not the case to worry about.
Why does weight loss occur? The baby is only losing fluid and this is normal after giving birth .
Since the child does not need a lot of food at this stage, he does not immediately gain the grams of lost weight.
This is a positive fact since the mother’s milk does not arrive for a few days after giving birth.
Do not worry, in 10-14 days the baby will return to having weight that had at birth or even more.
Your pediatrician will check your child’s weight during the exams, most likely one, two, and four weeks after birth (if the provider plans fewer appointments, feel free to take your child to weight management at any time).
In addition, many care groups and support for new mothers have scales for children, so it is possible to have a quick reading.
Generally, babies gain 170-230 grams per week during the first few months, for a total of one pound in a month.
After about four months, formula-fed babies gain weight at a slightly faster rate because:
- Artificial milk has more calories than breast milk,
- Parents tend to convince the baby to finish the entire bottle (and instead allow the baby to stop breastfeeding when he wants ).
Another good estimate: if your child eats a lot he will use eight to ten diapers per day.
- If the baby is breastfed in the breast, every day will get at least five diapers with the feces,
- If it is fed with artificial milk, it will produce less excrement.