Transplantation of intestinal flora may improve conditions of autism

A child diagnosed with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may experience several problems related to behavior, communication and social interaction, requiring monitoring during its development.

In addition to these symptoms, in some cases, patients with autism may also suffer from gastrointestinal problems, such as diarrhea , constipation, stomach pain and food allergy .

But in new research, published in the scientific journal Scientific Reports, he observed that the set of bacteria (microbiome) present in the intestine may be related to the manifestation of signs and symptoms of autism.

Through fecal transplantation, it is possible to restore or change the intestinal flora of patients, reducing changes, such as diarrhea and food sensitivities.

Read more: Is it possible to overcome autism? Study investigates possible cases

Therefore, the objective, which was to treat intestinal changes, went further.

What are the indications?

In order to arrive at the discovery, the scientists had already observed that about 30% to 50% of the people with autism had some chronic digestive problem. This causes mood or learning conditions to be aggravated as well, as intestinal symptoms can cause a lot of discomfort.

So, the researchers used fecal transplant as a treatment for 18 children with constant intestinal changes, which replenishes the healthy bacteria in the body.

As a result, it was possible to see a 45% improvement in children’s behavior compared to the initial clinical picture.

How can fecal transplant decrease intestinal problems?

These intestinal microbiomes are sets of living microorganisms that help maintain the proper functioning of the human body.

Bacteria play an important role in promoting the strengthening of the immune system and also in keeping people healthy, once the body is able to fight harmful agents.

Scientists assume these positive effects are due to the better connection and transmission of signals between the brain and the intestine.

However, it is not yet clear whether this treatment would have the same effect in children with autism but without intestinal changes.

Read more: Virtual reality: how technology can help children with autism

The earlier autism is diagnosed, the better the development during childhood and adulthood.

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