interfered and make pregnancy difficult.
In men, however, excessive thinness can also cause hormonal dysfunction, so that the production of sperm is affected by lack of testosterone.
In men, the amount of sperm decreases over the years, which occurs from 40 to 50 years, when the production of sperm is at 50% of its usual level.
In contrast, women show a decline in fertility from the age of 35, which continues until
menopause (around 50 years of age).
The processes that result in the definitive loss of reproductive function are started 8 to 10 years before, and are called climacteric or pre-menopause. In most cases, the period is asymptomatic, but some women report symptoms of hot flashes, irregularities in the flow of menstruation, among others.
And that happens due to the reduction in the production of the hormones progestagen, estrogen and testosterone.
Genetic irregularities affect about 3% to 6% of couples who have infertility problems, which may be related to chromosomal abnormalities (lack of a genetic DNA sequence) that can cause abortions.
But even with advances in research in the area, most of the genetic factors that influence infertility remain unknown.
By means of exams it is possible to detect genetic problems and find treatment strategies that can circumvent possible abortions.
Exposure to chemicals and pollution
According to research carried out by the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology, there is a relationship between the reduction in the ovarian reserve and regions with a high level of pollution, in women.
Semen quality can also be affected by environmental pollution and the consumption of ultra-processed foods grown with many hormones and pesticides, compromising male reproductive capacity.
In women, smoking reduces the chance of pregnancy, through the anticipation of menopause and premature aging of the reproductive system.
In men, smoking interferes with morphology and potential effect on sperm function, hormone levels, sperm concentration and semen quality.
In men, alcohol reduces testosterone levels, the quality and quantity of sperm, because of the decrease in male hormones. In addition to affecting sexual desire and impairing erection.
In women, alcohol consumption alters libido and interferes with the quality of eggs, due to the difficulty in producing hormones.
Exaggerated physical exercise
Excessive physical exercise can affect the woman’s ovulatory cycle, making possible pregnancy difficult.
Excess endorphins (well-being hormones) in the body, produced after a long period of physical exercise, can inhibit other hormones that influence ovulation.
In men, on the other hand, endorphin makes it difficult to produce sperm – and this decreases the chances of getting the partner pregnant.
They do not cause infertility, the continuous use of preventive methods for a long time and then the disuse to get pregnant, can increase the time of attempts to get pregnant.
Since hormonal contraceptive methods inhibit ovulation, the body generally needs up to 6 months for menstrual cycles to be regularized.
But this does not inhibit the ovulation cycle and its function – there are reports of women who became pregnant in the first month after stopping the use of contraceptives.
Studies show that periods of intense stress can have an impact on the quality of man’s semen. In women, stress and anxiety can alter the menstrual cycle, delaying or shortening it, thus affecting the fertile period and the possibility of becoming pregnant.
How to increase fertility and get pregnant faster?
There are several habits that can be adopted during the period of trying to conceive:
Relationships during the fertile period increase the chances of becoming pregnant;
Healthy eating: avoid industrialized foods that were produced with pesticides, and excessive consumption of carbohydrates;
Maintain the suggested weight for your height: excess or underweight interfere with the woman’s menstrual cycle and the man’s sperm production;
Getting to know your own body: orgasm during sexual intercourse promotes slight contractions of the woman’s uterus, which helps to bring the sperm to the egg, thus increasing the chances of becoming pregnant;
Regular exercises without excess: they help in the hormonal control of the woman, and in men they increase the production and quality of the sperm;
No smoking: avoids problems in the reproductive system of women and men;
Caution in the consumption of alcoholic beverages: moderation avoids male impotence and disturbances in female ovulation;
Reduce stress and anxiety: helps to prevent damage to fertility. It is worth investing in relaxing activities, meditation, regular physical exercise.
Is there treatment to get pregnant faster?
Pregnancy treatment is recommended for couples who have tried for 1 year and failed.
Yes, but it is recommended for women over 35 and who have not become pregnant within 6 months of trying. This is done based on medical diagnosis and with specific treatments for each case.
The use of medication or other treatments for women under 35 years of age is recommended only in cases where it is difficult to get pregnant within 1 year of trying.
Some treatment techniques are used for fertilization to take place in the womb or in the laboratory, they occur in different ways and are indicated for certain cases.
This treatment aims to stimulate the woman’s ovulation and when the day of ovulation is identified, the sperm that was previously collected is inserted through a cannula into the uterus. This insemination is done with the best moving sperm, which increases the chances of pregnancy.
It is recommended by doctors in cases where the uterine environment causes difficulties for the sperm to reach the uterine tubes and fertilize the egg, with ovulatory disorders, or in cases where the man has changes in the semen.
Through hormonal medication, ovarian stimulation is performed, with medical monitoring by means of ultrasound. This follow-up will accurately show the woman’s fertile days, and will indicate to the couple the practice of sexual intercourse during this period, increasing the chances of becoming pregnant.
This technique is indicated when the woman’s menstrual cycle is irregular, causing difficulties for sperm to find the egg.
Medical follow-up is necessary as it will monitor ovulation stimulation, preventing the appearance of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome.
In vitro fertilization
In Vitro fertilization is done through the collection of sperm and egg, and fertilization in the laboratory. The embryo is transferred to the woman’s uterus in the period known as the implantation window.
The woman receives ovarian stimulation drugs, and after the increase in egg production, they are collected. The man also goes through a similar process and his sperm are collected and separated, for the fertilization of the egg in the laboratory.
The collection process of both takes place on the same day so that the egg and sperm can be fertilized, and the embryo generated.
The whole process, of waiting for a fertile day and collecting the gametes, lasts around a month and after implantation in the uterus, it is necessary to wait around 12 days to perform the pregnancy test.
Changing old habits and adopting new ones can help in the period of trying to conceive, in addition to bringing other benefits such as well-being and self-care, promoting more possibilities of becoming pregnant.