Dermatophytosis can have different clinical characteristics depending on the anatomical location and triggering microorganisms.
Clinically, the diseases of the Tinea family include:
- tinea capitis (dermatophytosis in the area of the hairy scalp),
- Tinea favosa (Favus, caused by an infection with Trichophyton schoenleinii)
- Tinea corporis (ringworm of hairless skin)
- Tinea imbricata (ringworm, caused by infection with Trichophyton concentricum)
- Tinea cruris – inguinalis (ringworm in the groin)
- Tinea unguium or onychomycosis (ringworm of the nail)
- Tinea pedis (athlete’s foot)
- Tinea barbae (ringworm of the beard)
- Tinea manus – Tinea manuum (ringworm of the hands)
There are several types of dermatophytes in the world that cause tinea corporis.
The infection often comes from the feet (tinea pedis) or from the nails (tinea unguium). Microsporum canis is native to cats and dogs.
Other Tinea species
The fungus Malassezia (also known as Pityrosporum ovale) is a type of yeast that occurs on the surface of the skin.
Usually he does not cause health problems.
Nevertheless, this yeast can sometimes:
- begin to grow in an uncontrolled manner,
- Have effects on pigmentation (natural skin color).
If this happens, light or dark spots can form on the skin.
This condition is called tinea versicolor or pityriasis versicolor.
Signs and symptoms of tinea versicolor
The bleaching effect of yeast leads to skin areas with a different color (depigmentation).
This can lead to stains or individual dots.
The stains can:
They can be lighter or darker than normal skin.
The spots do not tan like the rest of the skin.
The spots can appear anywhere on the body, but are most common on:
Tinea unguium and nail fungus (onychomycosis)
Tinea unguium is often caused by the fungus Trichophyton rubrum.
This should not be confused with other causes of onychomycoses, for example:
1. A species of Candida albicans that often causes paronychia.
2. Mushrooms, including:
- Scopulariopsis brevicaulis,
- Fusarium spp.
- Aspergillus spp.,
It can occur in the form of different models:
1. Lateral onychomycosis. An opaque white or yellowish stripe appears on one side of the nail.
2. Subungual hyperkeratosis. The excessive cell growth occurs under the nail plate. The result is the lifting of the nail.
3. Distal onycholysis. The nail end stands out. The free edge often becomes crumbly.
4. White superficial onychomycosis.
White, sunken spots appear at the tip of the nail.
5. Proximal onychomycosis. Development of yellow spots in the lunula (nail bed).
6. Complete destruction of the nail.
La Tinea capitis is caused by fungi of the genus Trichophyton (Tinea trichophytica) and Mikrosporum (Tinea microsporica). Tinea capitis is the most common pediatric dermatophyte infection worldwide.
Tinea capitis is a disease caused by a superficial fungal infection of the skin on:
The hair follicles are most affected.
Tinea capitis causes:
- round spots without hair on the head,
- dry scaling,
- hair that breaks when short,
- Hair loss (alopecia).
The disease is considered a form of superficial mycosis or dermatophytosis. Various synonyms are used, including ringworm of the scalp.
Tinea capitis is rarely seen in adults.
Tinea capitis caused by M. canis is due to contact with an infected dog or cat.
Other zoophilic fungi sometimes cause tinea capitis, including:
- Trichophyton tonsurans
- Microsporum andouinii
- M. distortum (a variant of M. canis found in cats)
This infection is transmitted from one person to another.
Often it causes no symptoms and is found in adults.
What is tinea cruris?
Tinea cruris is a mycosis infection of the groin.
The skin plays host to many types of fungi, also called dermatophytes.
Usually, affected individuals do not know that they have these fungi.
If the conditions are good (heat and humidity), the fungi multiply extremely quickly.
At this point, tinea cruris is formed.
This infection causes:
- severe itching,
- Burning in the groin.
This disease is more common in men and adolescent adolescents.
Tinea cruris is also displayed as tinea inguinalis, but it does not affect the scrotum.
In general, tinea cruris is not a serious disease.
Early treatment minimizes symptoms and prevents the spread of the infection.
Nutrition and diet for tinea
A healthy diet is an effective method of fighting the fungi because it prevents the accumulation of toxins that are the food of these microorganisms.
Anyone who suffers from this disease knows that drugs often have no effect and the infection lasts for years.
The reason is that the body cannot be a breeding ground for fungi.
There are three different types of mushrooms:
The first two species feed on dead or diseased organisms, while the symbionts live in symbiosis with the host, i.e. they help each other.
The fungus can accumulate if you eat the following foods:
- transformed and preserved foods (desserts, sausages, etc.),
- Fast food
- fermented food and beverages (e.g. beer),
- Milk and dairy products.
- Alcohol, coffee and other stimulating drinks.
The combinations of foods are fundamental; often people eat completely different foods in the same meal, especially carbohydrates and proteins (rice and beans, bread with meat, etc.). This causes a slowed digestion and thus:
- intestinal rot,
- Fermentation in the digestive system.
The result is an accumulation of toxins that enter the bloodstream and nourish the fungi.
- Tinea corporis or ringworm
- Symptoms of skin fungus
- Psoriasis vulgaris, pustulosa, guttate and inversa