The urinary tract infection (UTI) , or just urinary tract infection is an infection caused by bacteria which invade and affect any part of the urinary system, such as the kidneys, bladder, urethra and / or ureters (tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder) .
The most classic and frequent symptoms of urinary tract infection are pain, burning in the intimate area and that constant urge to urinate (usually without much to be urinated).
As the patient constantly feels that he needs to pee, the trips to the bathroom increase even without any more consumption of liquids. Along with this, the pain can intensify, affecting the pelvic region (below the navel).
In general, ITU Infection can present:
- Burning and pain when urinating (dysuria);
- Urgency to go to the bathroom;
- Change in the color of urine;
- Pain in the pelvic region;
- Strong smell in the urine;
- Urinary incontinence (dripping after peeing);
- Presence of blood in the urine (hematuria);
- Fever and chills;
- Secretions and discharge.
It is still possible for the patient to experience back pain , fever, severe malaise, nausea and vomiting. However, they are generally more common when UTI worsens, related to pyelonephritis (kidney infection).
Urinary tract infection in men
Although the incidence is lower among men, due to the anatomy of the urinary tract, men can also suffer from UTIs.
Generally, it is men over 50 years of age who are most likely to have the infection, as in this stage of life urinary tract dysfunctions can occur (such as an enlarged prostate gland), making it difficult or blocking urine output.
With the accumulation of urine in the bladder, the bacteria find favorable conditions to proliferate.