Indigestion (or dyspepsia) is a disorder that occurs when the stomach fills very quickly, before the brain receives the signal of satiation from hormones.
Food indigestion occurs when the person ingests more food than the stomach can normally contain.
When the person eats, his body releases hormones that reach the brain to communicate that it is satiated or “full”.
The receptors in the stomach also signal to the brain the need to expand the stomach when water or food is added.
These chemicals need time to get to the brain.
Often, more time is needed for communication than the amount of time the person uses to fill the stomach.
This is why a person may feel very full after finishing the meal rather than becoming gradually satiated while eating.
In addition to the solid foods contained in the stomach, also gases can expand the intestine ( swelling ), causing more problems.
Congestion is the complete blockage of digestion caused by exposure to cold, while indigestion is a disease that causes various symptoms and complications, but digestion is not disrupted.
Duration of digestion
The total time of digestion, from when the individual eats to the stool, is about 35/38 hours.
Staying in the stomach depends on the type of food, for example:
- The fruits remain for about half an hour as they contain simple sugars that are digested quickly,
- The carbohydrates are two hours in the stomach,
- Proteins and fats remain for at least 4 hours before they go into the intestine.
Infants and newborns who feed on breast milk may have indigestion if they have a strong suction or if they do not spend enough time between feedings.
Children may have indigestion if they eat sweets without thinking of the consequences.
The main symptom of indigestion in children is vomiting , in which case you have to encourage the baby to expel all the contents of the stomach with a tummy massage.
Other symptoms include:
The child should rest in a warm environment until they feel better. You can start eating again when you are well and only if you are hungry.
Indigestion in pregnancy
During the last months of pregnancy, digestion is slowed due to:
- Pressure of the uterus on the stomach,
- Relaxation of the sphincter muscle between the esophagus and the stomach. It can also cause gastroesophageal reflux .
It has been found that consuming at least 30 mg of lycopene contained in watermelon can cause side effects.
These side effects can be derived from excessive consumption of watermelon or tomatoes.
Some side effects of watermelon and tomato indigestion are:
Excessive consumption of watermelon can cause symptoms such as:
In the elderly, eating too much watermelon can aggravate the problem, since the digestive system is already weakened by age.
Some people may develop allergic reactions to watermelon, such as:
- A mild or severe rash ,
- Swelling in the face.
Causes of indigestion
Generally, indigestion is caused by changes in eating habits, for example:
- Eat lots of food;
- Eat lots of fat;
- Drink lots of water during meals, worse if the water is cold;
- Eat very fast.
Indigestion usually occurs after eating fatty foods or an excess of food.
Indigestion at night
Indigestion at night may occur in the following cases:
- The person dines late;
- Eat immediately before bed;
- Eat in restaurants that cook very spicy foods;
- Eat foods to which you are intolerant.
Some foods are harder to digest , for example:
- Bell peppers,
Symptoms of indigestion
- Fever and chills ,
- Feeling burning in the stomach ,
- Feeling of weight in the stomach,
- Abdominal distension,
- Air in the stomach ,
- Bad breath ,
- Headache ,
- Diarrhea ,
If indigestion occurs
- After lunch it causes drowsiness ,
- Before going to bed causes insomnia.
Consequences for the liver and heart
An excessive consumption of animal fats thickens the blood vessels in the liver and favors the formation of gallstones .
Natural Remedies for Indigestion
In case of heartburn , drinking a glass of boiling water at the first sign of indigestion can cause belching that will unblock digestion.
Here are the home remedies for indigestion.
cider vinegar Apple cider vinegar is used many times to resolve a slow digestion and for recovery after indigestion due to its antibiotic properties.
- Drink the apple cider vinegar mixed with water several times a day to get immediate relief from indigestion.
- Mix 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar and one teaspoon of honey in a cup of water.
- Drink this solution two or three times a day for quick relief.
2. Fennel Seeds Fennel
seeds can be really useful for indigestion caused by very spicy or fatty foods.
Fennel seeds contain oil that can help:
- Reduce nausea,
- Control flatulence .
It is possible to simply chew a tablespoon of fennel seeds to relieve the symptoms of indigestion.
It is also possible to drink a tea of fennel. Method of preparation:
- Put two teaspoons of fennel seeds in a cup of hot water.
- Bake, dry, grind and sift the fennel seeds.
- Put half a teaspoon of this powder in the water and take this medicine twice a day.
Ginger stimulates the production of gastric juices and the flow of enzymes that help digest food. This is an effective remedy for food indigestion.
- Two teaspoons of ginger juice,
- A teaspoon of lemon juice,
- A pinch of table salt.
Mix ingredients well and consume with or without water, based on your personal preferences.
Sprinkle a few slices of fresh ginger with salt and chew thoroughly.
It is possible to drink ginger tea at home to get relief from:
To make the ginger tea, add half a teaspoon of ginger in a cup of hot water and wait two or three minutes.
Adding ginger to the recipes can help if you suffer from indigestion.
4. Sodium Bicarbonate
Indigestion often occurs due to high levels of acid in the stomach.
The baking soda is one of the simplest and effective treatments for indigestion, because it acts as a medicine antacid .
Mix half a teaspoon of baking soda in half a glass of water.
Drink this solution to neutralize the acid in the stomach and get relief immediately.
The effect is short-lived because the bicarbonate reacts with the acids in the stomach and reduces the acidity that is needed to digest.
For the same reason, antacids are not helpful in case of indigestion.
The reaction of bicarbonate causes the formation of carbon dioxide.
The consequences are:
- The dilation of the stomach,
- Slower digestion.
Coriander is an effective seasoning to treat indigestion.
Add some roasted coriander seeds in half a glass of buttered milk. Drink twice a day.
It is also possible to combine coriander with:
- Seeds of cardamom,
6. Herbal Tea
Drinking tea after a heavy meal can reduce indigestion.
Dip a teabag of herbal tea into a cup of boiling water and cover it for 5 minutes.
Drink while it’s still hot.
It is possible to try a herbal tea that contains mint, raspberry and blackberries for immediate relief.
Mint tea or chamomile promote digestion, especially after eating too much.
How long does indigestion take?
The symptoms of indigestion last for 24 to 48 hours.
What to eat after having an indigestion?
After indigestion, it is advised to fast or eat light foods for one day.
It is possible to eat a plate of vegetables.