Dehydration can cause serious complications, among which are:

Heat stroke
If you do not drink enough when doing intense physical activity and you sweat a lot, you can suffer a heat stroke that can cause from mild cramps to a life-threatening disorder.

Cerebral edema
Sometimes, when drinking liquids after dehydration, the body tries to store too much water in the cells, which can lead to excessive swelling of the brain cells leading to breakage.
If the brain cells are affected, the consequences can be very serious.

Epilepsy
Electrolytes, such as sodium and potassium, help send nerve impulses from one cell to another.
In case of electrolyte imbalance, normal electrical messages can become confused and cause involuntary muscle contractions and, in some cases, loss of consciousness.

Hypovolemic shock
This is one of the most serious and, in some cases, dangerous complications of dehydration.
It occurs when the decrease in the normal amount of blood causes a reduction in blood pressure and the amount of oxygen in the body.

Renal failure
The renal failure may lead to death and occurs when the kidneys are not able to remove excess fluid and waste products from the blood.

Eat and death
If not cured quickly and properly, severe dehydration can lead to death.

Diagnosis of dehydration

Tests and analysis
The physical test must take into account the following factors:

  • Decrease in blood pressure when going from lying down to standing.
  • Low blood pressure .
  • Poor skin turgor, which loses its normal elasticity. After pinching it, it returns to its position slowly (it is usual for the skin to quickly return to its position).
  • Accelerated heart rhythm (tachycardia).
  • Shock.

Among the tests carried out are:

  1. Blood tests (to control electrolytes, especially sodium, potassium and bicarbonate levels).
  2. High level of urea in the blood.
  3. Complete blood count , the level of blood cells is high.
  4. High creatine values.
  5. Specific weight of urine.

Treatment for dehydration and natural remedies

Rehydration solutions
When dehydrated, sugar and salts are lost along with water.
Drinking a moisturizing solution allows restoring the balance of body fluids.
The solution should contain a mixture of potassium and sodium, in addition to glucose or starch.
At the pharmacy, you can buy moisturizers with or without a prescription, including products for children and newborns.

Grave deshidratación
Si vemos que una persona se encuentra gravemente deshidratada, hay que llamar a urgencias inmediatamente.
Puede que se requiera un ingreso en el hospital para su tratamiento.
Los recién nacidos, los niños y los ancianos requieren un tratamiento urgente en caso de deshidratación.
Los líquidos pueden administrarse por la nariz, a través de una sonda o a por vía intravenosa.
De esta forma, los nutrientes esenciales se asimilan más rápidamente respecto a las soluciones para beber.

The best way to solve the problem of dehydration is to hydrate the body with many liquids, such as water, semi-skimmed milk, syrup and juice mixed with water.
A sweet drink can help replace lost sugar and a salty snack can help you recover lost salt.

Children and dehydrated newborns should not drink water alone, because the level of minerals (already low) in the body is diluted and can worsen the problem.
Children can drink syrup with water, juice or a special moisturizing solution.
In case of difficulty drinking liquids due to vomiting and diarrhea, small amounts of fluid can be taken frequently.
A spoon or syringe can be useful to give the child small amounts of fluid.