Swollen lips (or labial edema) can be caused by fluid buildup or inflammation of the lips.
The lips are among the most delicate parts of the body.
The outer skin layer of the lips is thinner than the rest of the body.
A bump, exposure to an allergen or an irritant can cause a swollen lip.
Causes of swollen lips
The most common causes of swollen lips are:
1. Allergy is a frequent cause of swollen lips, especially in children and newborns.
- Allergy to latex. Direct contact with latex can irritate the skin and cause swelling, itching, or rash .
Contact can happen through balloons, some children’s toys or gloves.
- Allergy to penicillin contained in antibiotics .
- Food allergy to eggs, fish, crustaceans, fruits in shell, oils, soy or milk.
- Allergy to cosmetics may be due to some types of lip gloss, lipstick, lip balm.
- The insect bite (mosquito, wasp ) can cause a sudden allergic reaction .
Some people have swollen lips when they wake up in the morning due to an allergic reaction, so it is necessary to investigate the cause.
2. Blow or injury
- Anyone who has suffered a trauma to the lips or face (eg, an elbow or a fist) may develop swelling.
- The hair removal is another cause of swelling and redness on the lips.
- Rarely a bite on the lip can cause swelling, but in some cases it causes a skin lesion and a cold sore inside the lips.
3. Lips burned or cracked
A sunburn on the face and lips can cause lip edema.
Cracked lips can cause swelling.
The main causes of cracks are:
- Wetting or overly licking lips,
- Or windy, arid, dry climate,
- Too much sun.
4. Nutritional deficiency
Sometimes swollen lips can be caused by nutritional deficiencies, especially deficiency of B vitamins. If the corners of the lips are swollen and have small cuts, it is possible that the person is deficient in vitamins.
5. Herpes labialis
The herpes labialis is a viral infection which causes the formation of blisters filled with liquid.
The blisters may be around or on the lips.
Cold sores are caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1.
If the person suffers from this disease, the lips will become inflamed and even slight pressure causes mild or moderate pain.
6. Other causes
- The angioedema is a swelling that can be caused by an allergic reaction to a food, pollen, medications or insect bites, but often the cause is unknown.
May cause swelling:
- In the face,
- In the language,
- On the lips.
- Infection . Fungal, bacterial, or viral infections can cause swollen lips. If the lips are cracked, infections can reach them through the openings.
- Pregnancy , pregnant women suffer from fluid retention that can cause lip balm.
- Heart failure and kidney failure , patients with these disorders suffer from generalized edema (swelling in various parts of the body).
Sudden swelling of the upper lip
If sudden swelling of the upper lip occurs, the most likely causes are:
- Insect bites,
- Food allergy.
To reduce swelling, wrap some ice cubes in a paper or cloth napkin and press against the lip at 20-minute intervals. If the swelling does not go away within two days, you should see a doctor.
Lips bumps at night
Swollen, sore lips can be caused by hives from an allergy.
When it occurs overnight, the allergy may be due to:
- Pillow feathers,
- Detergent used to wash the sheets.
During sleep, the person may suffer minor trauma to the lips such as:
- Involuntary bites,
- Friction (rubbing) against the pillow.
Another cause may be a condition called idiopathic angioedema.
Swollen lip after dentist anesthesia
The local anesthetic does not block all nerve transmissions, only those painful ones. It is like a very strong analgesic applied locally, so the person can still feel:
Is it possible to have swollen lips because of the injection?
Swelling from an injection is very rare, so it’s best to talk to the dentist.
There are several causes of lip inflammation, including:
- An allergy to latex from gloves used by the dentist.
That would explain why the lips are swollen.
- A reaction to one of the components used in the material used for dental intervention.
Some materials on the lips can cause a burning sensation , but certainly do not cause swelling of both lips.
- Allergy to local anesthesia (rare).
- How long does it take to heal? When does it pass?
The sensation of swollen, numb lips depends on the amount of anesthetic used, but usually only lasts a few hours.
Symptoms that accompany swollen lips
Usually the swollen lip occurs in conjunction with other symptoms, depending on the underlying disease, for example:
- Reduced sensitivity,
- Feeling of heat.
Lips swollen by infection
Swelling of the lips due to infection can occur with:
Swollen lip caused by cold sores
- Bubbles or bubbles;
- Cracked lips;
- Wounds on the skin or lumps of pus.
Lips swollen by trauma
- Changes in the color of the lips that may turn purple;
Swollen lip caused by allergy
- Itching ,
- Reddish skin ,
- Swollen eyes,
- Fever and chills,
- Pimples ( rashes ),
- Lacrimation , itchy eyes,
- Nasal congestion .
How to flush your lips?
Treatment for swelling of the upper or lower lips
The medications used to treat swollen lips and underlying diseases may include:
- Anti-histamines in case of allergy;
- Drugs nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (eg, ketoprofen or Advil);
- Injections of adrenaline in case of severe allergic reaction,
- Topical anti-viral medicines against cold sores.
Natural and Home Remedies for Puffy Lip
Wrap some ice cubes in a towel.
Support this cold compress on the swollen lip.
Alternatively, put a spoon in the freezer for some time and press gently on the lips.
Keep a towel soaked in hot water for 10-15 minutes on the lips.
The compresses are useful if the cause of the swelling is an accident.
Salt and witch hazel: A mixture of witch hazel extracts and salt in the ratio of 2: 1 is effective in reducing swelling.
This mixture should remain on the lips for about 15-20 minutes; then it should be removed with cold water.
Turmeric and Fuller’s Land: Another useful remedy is the application of the blend of:
- Pó of turmeric 100g,
- Fuller’s Land (clay type) 100g,
- Water 50ml.
- Apply the mixture to the lips,
- Wait 10 minutes,
- Rinse with warm water.
Turmeric has antiseptic and healing properties.
Fuller’s land is a type of clay, has cooling properties that help reduce swelling.
It is also possible to mix a teaspoon of organic honey with this blend to prevent Fuller’s turmeric and soil from drying the lips.
Tea bag : soak a tea bag in hot water for a few minutes.
Remove the tea bag and let it cool. Put it on your lips for a few minutes.
It is advisable to repeat the operation several times a day to swell the lips quickly.
Apply a healing balm on the lips to prevent dry lips.
Aloe vera and tea tree oil : a blend of 25 ml of aloe vera gel and 3-4 drops of tea tree oil help to relieve inflammation of the lips.
Apply this paste over swollen lips, massage and let dry. Then rinse with cold water. This procedure can be repeated twice daily if the swelling does not go away.
Potato : may help reduce swelling:
- Grate a potato,
- Squeeze the juice,
- Apply this juice on the swelling to reduce inflammation.
Coconut oil: the oil coconut is effective in the treatment of skin lesions .
It also prevents swelling, inflammation and excessive dryness of the skin.
Apply a layer of coconut oil on the lips 3-4 times a day.
Sodium bicarbonate : If swelling is the consequence of an insect bite, sodium bicarbonate may be helpful.
- 3 teaspoons baking soda
- 1 teaspoon of water.
Apply the paste several times a day until the swelling disappears.
Salt water: if the cause of the swelling is a possible injury to the lips, the application of warm water and salt may reduce swelling.
It is necessary to mix:
- 1 tablespoon of salt,
- 1 cup of water.
Apply the solution several times a day with a cotton ball.
Healing of the skin lesion is faster, but can cause burning sensation.
Honey: This food has antibacterial properties and healing powers.
Honey can effectively treat swollen lips in no time.
- Dose about a teaspoon of honey,
- Dip a cotton ball,
- Apply directly to the lips,
- Let it act for 20 minutes and then rinse with cold water,
- Repeat 2 or 3 times a day.
Honey moisturizes the lips and prevents infection.
This remedy also reduces the inflammation and pain that occur along with the swollen lips.
Tea tree oil: is one of the best remedies to use when the person is suffering from swollen lips.
The important thing is to never use pure tea tree oil because it can burn the skin.
It is necessary:
- Pour 5 drops of tea tree oil into a cup,
- Dilute it with 10 drops of other oil such as almond oil,
- Apply the cotton blend to the swollen lips.
This is a natural method for:
- Relieve swelling,
- Keep your lips moisturized and disinfected.
This remedy also reduces pain and inflammation.
How long does the swollen lip stay after piercing?
Usually, the swelling caused by the hole lasts for at least 2 weeks but can continue for up to a month.
In some people the swelling disappears in a few days.
The swollen lip is perfectly normal: it is a phenomenon of the healing process.
Tips for Lip Piercing Medication You
may need to follow these tips to avoid the risk of infections.
Since the swelling of the lip caused by the piercing is an open wound, until the wound heals completely it is necessary to avoid:
- Kissing and having oral sex.
- Eat extremely hot or cold foods or anything that can cause mouth and lip irritation.
- Completely smoke and drink alcohol.
- Touching the piercing with dirty hands.
Brushing your teeth and keeping your mouth clean helps reduce the risk of infection.