Smoking is the biggest cancer risk factor in men

With the increase in cancer cases in the world, it is important to identify the major risk factors for the disease. This is what a study by researchers from the Department of Preventive Medicine at the Faculty of Medicine of USP proposed.

In addition to electing the biggest risk factors, the research also showed the impact that each of them can have on the appearance of cancer in people.

According to the research, which was published in the International Cancer Epidemiology magazine smoking , alcohol consumption, obesity , unhealthy eating and a sedentary lifestyle are among the main factors . For these results, some steps have been taken.

First, the researchers analyzed what were the factors that caused this disease in the past – observing the histories present in books – and other reports from international agencies.

They also examined data from IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) to learn a little about the routine of Brazilians, assessing what they eat, how much alcohol they consume and lifestyle in general.

Finally, the researchers surveyed the number of cancer deaths and the number of cases registered annually in the country, to survey what could be done to prevent people or reduce these harmful health risk factors.

Are men at greater risk?

With the result, it was possible to observe differences in the number of cases between men and women in these risk groups.

According to the study, men are the most likely to develop some form of cancer. In them, the probability is about 29.2%, while in women the risk is 23.7%.

Most of these cases are caused by smoking, being the main responsible for cancer cases and deaths from the disease.

In addition to this factor, others stood out as factors with great potential to cause the disease, such as obesity and alcoholism .

With these results, the researchers came to the following conclusion: about 26% of all cancer cases and 33.6% of deaths from the disease could be prevented only by a change in habits.

The result of the research proposes that a healthier life can prevent the second disease that kills the most in Brazil.