Hypersensitivity of the skin to different types of stimuli can be signs of another disease, for example, malnutrition, nerve problems or viral infection.
Causes of pain sensitivity of the skin
There are several ways for damage to the skin that are hypersensitive to touch and can range from simple sunburn to serious illness.
Too long sun exposure – this causes first- or second-degree sunburn and causes pain when touching the skin.
The most affected areas are the forehead, face, shoulders, abdomen and arms, although people who exercise a lot also get burns in other places, for example surfers usually on the back, neck and back legs.
Migraines – People who suffer from migraines may already feel skin pain when combing hair or putting on a necklace.
Herpes zoster – a previous chickenpox infection can later lead to a so-called herpes zoster or shingles.
This is a condition in which the rash appears on a certain part of the body in the form of blisters, the skin is sensitive to touch and causes burning pain.
The most affected areas are the legs, back, flank, intercostal area and chest.
Fibromyalgia – this is a syndrome characterized by chronic body pain, fatigue, sleep disturbances and allodynia.
Demyelinating diseases – this is a condition that affects the nervous system, in which the myelin sheaths (the outer ones) that cover the nerve cell are damaged and in which various symptoms occur, including hypersensitivity or pain sensation in the skin.
According to recent research from Temple University in Philadelphia, abnormal damage to the skin causes itching and also pain, which may indicate a skin tumor (for example, melanoma).
Tactile defense – it is a neurological condition that affects neurotransmitters and their functions. This causes the reception and transmission of insufficient signals to the sensory nerve cells of the brain, resulting in hypersensitivity when touching the skin. Sometimes the pain associated with it can be very uncomfortable and cause great problems for the person suffering from it, because even a tender, light touch or a light handshake can cause skin pain.
Vitamin deficiency – some vitamins, such as thiamine, nicotinic acid, biotin and riboflavin are essential for healthy skin. A deficiency of these vitamins can cause hypersensitivity of the skin and cause the sensation of tingling and needle pricking under the skin.
Peripheral neuropathy – a disease of the nervous system that affects the nerves responsible for transporting blood and oxygen from the internal organs of the human body. The skin can become hypersensitive and cause tingling and itching.
Cellulitis is a bacterial infection that can cause skin redness, soreness, swelling and heat.
- Infantile eczema
in children and infants is a common form of rash that causes redness, blisters, swelling, itching, etc.
- Keratosis solar (or actinic keratosis)
Keratosis solar is a scaly or crust-forming lesion that occurs on the skin after continued and excessive sun exposure.
- Water retention
Water retention is the accumulation of fluids in body tissues that cause swelling.
- Bruise or bruise A bruise or bruise is the cause of skin discoloration, swelling and pain.
The hematoma is an accumulation of blood in the tissue, caused by rupture of a blood vessel, which usually arises after an injury.
The patient has the feeling of “bruises“.
- Blood clots in the legs
Deep vein thrombosis in the leg can become very dangerous; the symptoms consist of swelling, redness and pain in the leg.
- Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease can lead to high blood pressure, fatigue and weakness.
- Erythema migrans (or red oxeye)
Erythema migrans is a rash in the shape of an ox’s eye, one of the symptoms of Lyme disease.
- Abscess A skin abscess is a painful bump, swollen, reddened and overheated, that can burst open and leak out of pus.
- Congestive heart failure Congestive heart
failure can cause shortness of breath, fatigue, arrhythmias (irregular heartbeat), etc.
- Coccyx cyst
The coccyx cyst (pilonidal cyst) forms on the coccyx under the skin and usually contains residuals of the skin as well as hair.
- Sporotrichosis Sporotrichosis
is a fungal infection and can cause painless blisters on the fingers, hand and arms.
- Pityriasis rosea (Lichen Gibert)
Pityriasis rosea is a rash associated with reddish, pink, or purple oval patches on the chest, abdomen, arms, and legs.
Measles is a highly contagious viral infection associated with fever, cough, rash, sore throat.
- Toxic shock syndrome (TSS)
Toxic shock syndrome is a serious bacterial infection that causes fever, low blood pressure, rash, etc.
Pain in the area of the scalp
Trichodynia is a disorder that causes pain on the scalp, burning, tingling and itching, and sometimes leads to hair loss.
- Hair tied together When the hair is tied together behind the head, there may be pain on the scalp.
Then it is advisable to reduce the tension before applying a rubber band.
Folliculitis is an infection of single or multiple hair follicles that can lead to red spots or blisters on the skin and wounds.
- Tinea (of the scalp or face)
The tinea is a fungal infection that causes the feeling of itching and ring-shaped sores on the scalp.
- Lice Lice
are small insects that visibly affect hair and scalp and cause itching.
Pain on the skin of male genitalia
- Orchitis Orchitis
is the inflammation of one or both testicles, usually due to a viral or bacterial infection.
Symptoms include pain in the skin of the scrotum, chills, abdominal pain, fever, blood in the urine and swollen testicles.
- Phimosis Phimosis, or narrowing of the foreskin, is a non-retractable foreskin that constricts the glans penis
and causes pain during sexual intercourse.
Skin pain due to stitches or contact allergies
- Insect bite Insect bites
can cause redness, swelling and itching.
- Bite of the brown hermit spider (also “violin spider”) A bite of the brown hermit spider causes a wound, pain, redness, nausea, muscle pain and fever.
- Poison ivy, poison oak and poisonous sumac
The poison of poison ivy, poison oak and poisonous sumac causes an allergic reaction with itching, hives (coarse, pink blisters that resemble mosquito bites and are subsequently equivalent to urticaria) and blisters.
- Lyme disease
Lyme disease is a bacterial infection transmitted by a tick bite; Symptoms include rash, chills, fever
- Allergic contact dermatitis
Contact dermatitis is manifested by a rash, itching, pain, numbness. causes swelling and also blistering.
In the last months of pregnancy, the abdominal circumference increases sharply and the skin in the navel area is greatly stretched, which can cause discomfort.
Combustion (by heat or fire)
A heat burn is called thermal combustion and leads to pain, swelling, skin changes, blistering, etc.
A chemical burn can cause the following symptoms:
- Shortness of breath.
Therapy and natural remedies for skin pain
Therapy for this type of pain depends on the cause.
After determining the cause of the disease, doctors can recommend appropriate treatment.
Pharmaceuticals and medicines that are usually used for pain relief include:
Anti-inflammatory drugs such as naproxen can also be used to treat central nervous system pain and help with allodynia.
Relief can also be achieved by using local analgesics such as capsaicin-containing creams.
In case of burn, an après sunscreen is recommended.
In the case of hematomas, you can wait or, if there is no contraindication, try a fast-acting Tecar therapy.
Allergy and intolerance
Skin intolerance can cause various reactions, such as injury, inflammation, bumps, hives, blisters and red and inflamed spots.
Pain, numbness and burning sensation on the skin may occur.
Causes of allergy and intolerance
The allergic reaction can be caused by various factors.
Among the most well-known and interesting factors are:
1. environment, 2. food, 3. ethnicity, 4. age, 5. gender,
6. genetic predisposition.
The list of possible allergies and their causes is long.
Some of the causes are listed below:
- prolonged exposure to sunlight
- prolonged exposure to heat
- prolonged exposure to cold and cold winds
- high humidity
- very dry environment
- dry heating system in the house during the winter
- Sea salts and sea air
- Radiation exposure and radiotherapy
- Dust, dust mites and animal hair
- chemical substances in cosmetics
- chemical substances in food and preservatives
- some types of foods whose allergic effects occur after eating
- Flowers and pollen
- Pharmaceuticals and preparations
- Chemicals in paints and varnishes
- Formalin and formaldehyde in everyday products
- Plastics, polymers, resins, adhesives, varnishes and rubber
- Contact with metals such as gold, silver, nickel, copper, etc.
- Alkalis or acids in everyday products
The most common skin manifestation is eczema or dermatitis, which is associated with damage to the skin and is accompanied by itching, dry skin, as well as rounding, scaly, coarse, wet and inflamed skin.
Chronic photodermatitis (chronic actinic dermatitis or photoeczema) is a condition in which the skin reacts with sunlight or artificial light and becomes inflamed.
Contact dermatitis is an allergic skin disease that has a circumscribed and limited rash as soon as the skin comes into contact with an allergic substance (allergen). The most affected layer of skin is located on the surface (epidermis).
Contact dermatitis causes itching and inflammation that can last for several days, even after eliminating the irritating allergen.
Seborrheic dermatitis (or seborrheic eczema) is a skin condition caused by unknown factors. It is characterized by hypersensitivity, rashes and red spots with itching and mainly affects the scalp and chest area.
The rash can be caused by soaps, detergents, hormones, and genetic and environmental factors. Other possible causes may include the fungus Malassezia furfur, excessive intake of vitamin A in children, and a lack of vitamin B, including biotin, pyridoxine and riboflavin.
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, persistent, non-contagious inflammation that causes itching. Although their exact cause is not known, food, chemicals and environmental influences are possible factors that cause the rash or worsen the disease. The most affected areas are: elbow and hollow of the knee.