Dermatitis is inflammation that occurs on the skin. Among them, the best known is the one that causes dandruff on the scalp, in addition to redness and flaking in some places on the skin – seborrhea.
Seborrhea, also known as seborrheic dermatitis , is a very common condition worldwide. Exactly the causes for this disease are not known, but there are some ways to control its manifestation.
In this text, we will better understand what seborrhea is, if it has a cure and the best ways to reduce inflammation in the skin. Continue reading and check it out!
What is seborrhea?
Seborrhea, popularly known as dandruff, is a chronic inflammation of the skin. It is characterized by reddish lesions that itch and peel.
These lesions occur mainly on the scalp and in areas of the face such as the eyebrows, the corners of the nose and the ears. Contrary to what many people think, seborrhea is not caused by poor hygiene and is also not a contagious disease.
It is not known for sure what the cause is, and it may have a genetic origin or be triggered by external factors such as allergies, stress situations and excess oiliness.
The most common manifestation is the white scales that peel off the skin – dandruff. However, this dermatitis also causes concentrations of oily inflammation, itching and burning yellow scales.
The only risk that seborrhea brings is a possible infection, which can be caused by scratching the wounds.
Usually, the condition improves spontaneously. However, as it is a chronic dermatitis, the symptoms can appear and disappear according to the factors mentioned.
The most common manifestation of seborrhea is capillary. In the scalp, there is a concentration of oiliness and it is the most suitable place to suffer the flaking that results in dandruff.
The appearance of dandruff can be related to hormonal, emotional factors and changes in temperature. However, some actions can contribute to the appearance, such as washing your hair with very hot water or very often.
Therefore, it is important to wash your hair at low temperatures, in addition to drying well to avoid moisture, which contributes to the proliferation of microorganisms.
Although seborrhea is not caused by microorganisms, the excess presence of the fungus Pityosporum ovale can cause it.
Seborrhea also occurs in dogs and, like humans, it is not a contagious disease.
However, dogs can suffer more from inflammations, as they can originate naturally or by infestations of fleas , mites and ticks.
It is important to take the pet to the veterinarian if there is excessive flaking. If the origin of the dermatitis is genetic (common in breeds such as Golden Retriever, German Shepherd and Basset Hound), it is only possible to make a treatment to diminish the symptoms.
If it is caused by allergies or parasitic diseases, in addition to undergoing treatment for inflammation, it is important to eliminate the causative factor. Hence the importance of having an accurate diagnosis from a veterinarian.
As a baby
When seborrhea occurs in babies, it is called a milk crust. It is very common in newborns, and usually disappears until 12 months of age.
Although it may seem like a big problem, the milky crust is something harmless, which usually does not itch or cause discomfort to the child.
To control scaling, it is important not to cover the baby’s head or wash it with hot water, as the temperature can aggravate the inflammation.
Even so, it is important to pay attention to the demonstration. If it is red and excessive, the milky crust can generate an infection.
Seborrhea on the face
Seborrheic inflammations can also happen on the face. The most common is that they occur in areas where oiliness is greater, such as the folds of the nose and forehead.
As the skin of the face is sensitive, it is important to take care with the products that are used in that region. If the area is very red or itchy, it is essential to consult a dermatologist to indicate the correct treatment.
Is there a cure?
No. Seborrhea is a chronic dermatitis, and no treatments have been found to eliminate the condition.
However, there are several methods to reduce inflammation, in addition to skin care that reduces the appearance of them. In some cases, the symptoms may even go away and not return.
What is good for seborrhea?
In general, products used to decrease seborrhea symptoms help to control oiliness and reduce the effects of peeling skin. Treatment will be more effective if there is also a change in habits, focused on the necessary care to control the possible causes of dermatitis.
Anti- dandruff shampoos are one of the best known ways to reduce or control seborrhea on the scalp.
Most of them use substances such as salicylic acid, ketoconazole and coal tar in their composition, helping to control the proliferation of fungi and oil.
Some of the best known are:
- Kerium DS La Roche-Posay Intensive Dandruff Shampoo (price: R $ 49.23) *;
- Anticapa Clear Women Shampoo Intense Hydration (price: R $ 10.36) *;
- Elseve Hydra Detox Anti-Dandruff Shampoo (price: R $ 9.48) *;
- Clear Men Queda Control Anti-Dandruff Shampoo (price: R $ 9.86) *;
* Values consulted at Consulta Remédios. Prices may change without notice.
There are also creams that combine the active ingredients that can relieve the symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis.
They help to reduce inflammation and control the proliferation of microorganisms at the site. However, it is very important to consult a dermatologist to indicate the most suitable product for each case.
Some creams use in their formula the principles of ketoconazole, betamethasone dipropionate and neomycin sulfate, such as that of the manufacturer Medley and that of the manufacturer Eurofarma.
As much as seborrhea is not curable or preventable, some precautions can reduce the incidence of inflammation and symptoms such as itching and flaking. Therefore, in case of seborrhea, it is indicated:
- Wash your hair with cold water;
- Do not trap hair that is still wet;
- Clean the skin regularly;
- Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages and fatty foods;
- Wear light clothing (that does not retain sweat);
- Consult specialists.
We saw in this text how seborrhea is a very common dermatitis, which can affect different regions of the skin.
Despite this, it is not a contagious or dangerous disease, and the only risk is an infection.
Similarly, seborrhea is not synonymous with poor hygiene. Still, some care can be taken to treat it, as well as the use of products indicated by dermatologists.
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