Nausea is a feeling of need to vomit and is a symptom that pregnant women often feel.
Nausea may be acute and short-lived, or it may be prolonged. When it is prolonged, it can be debilitating.
- 1 Morning sickness during pregnancy, what is it?
- 2 Morning sickness during pregnancy – what are the causes?
- 3 What can cause nausea and vomiting in addition to pregnancy?
- 4 What to do for nausea?
- 5 Treatment for chronic nausea
- 6 What to eat? Diet for morning sickness in pregnancy
- 7 Natural Remedies in the Kitchen
- 8 Tips to better support nausea during pregnancy
Morning sickness during pregnancy, what is it?
That feeling of strong nausea that can sometimes cause vomiting is mistakenly called morning sickness (or morning sickness) because it starts when you wake up in the morning on an empty stomach, but it can also occur in the afternoon and evening, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy, and may continue through the last trimester or into the last few weeks.
Morning sickness during pregnancy – what are the causes?
Any unknown combination of hormones, increased stress, and other body changes (eg, a keener sense of smell or a metallic taste during pregnancy) can affect a pregnant woman, especially in the first few months.
Nausea during pregnancy may be caused by:
- By increasing the level of hormones , gonadotrophin and estrogen circulating in the body,
- By relaxing the digestive tract muscles (less efficient digestion) due to increased progesterone levels.
Skipping meals and eating disorders during pregnancy can contribute to the feeling of nausea.
Morning sickness during pregnancy, what we need to know.
Most pregnant women who suffer from nausea already know the bad news: nausea during pregnancy often starts in the morning but can be constant throughout the day and for 7 days a week.
The good news is that for most mothers expecting a baby, the worst period ranges between the 12th and the 14th week.
Nausea can occur from the second week of pregnancy to the eighth and ninth month (last months) in which the woman is pregnant or, in some cases, until the last few days.
The best news: nausea tends to be worse in the first pregnancy. From the second pregnancy the chances of not having nausea are good.
Morning sickness does not harm the child. Indeed, women who experience nausea during pregnancy are less likely to have an abortion than women who do not.
Attention, most women give birth to healthy children, regardless of whether or not they have had continuous morning nausea.
What can cause nausea and vomiting in addition to pregnancy?
Nausea and vomiting may occur separately or together. The most frequent causes are:
- Gastroparesis (malfunctioning of stomach muscles)
- General anesthesia
- Cinestose or motion sickness (eg after a turn on the carousel)
- Overdose of alcohol , illegal substances or toxic substances
- Cigarette smoke
- The gastroesophageal reflux disease (also causes burping and bitter mouth )
- Indigestion (nausea after eating)
- Pre-menstrual syndrome (in the period between ovulation and the onset of the menstrual cycle )
- Viral gastroenteritis (intestinal flu), also causes diarrhea , fatigue , weakness , belly pain and fever
- Renal colic
- Renal insufficiency
- Thyroid diseases, such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
- Hypoglycemia (decreased blood sugar)
- Anxiety (may cause recurrent nausea, tachycardia , tingling , dizziness, etc.)
- Some medicines, like paracetamol (Tylenol) in high doses, sertraline (Zoloft) or some antibiotics .
What to do for nausea?
Drinking clear liquids
If your stomach is irritated, probably eating is not a good idea because it should make an effort to digest the food.
You should limit yourself to drinking fluids until you feel a little better and stop vomiting.
Suitable liquids are clear and at room temperature; we recommend water and diluted fruit juices without citrus fruits.
These fluids are easy to digest and are used to prevent dehydration , which can be a consequence of vomiting or diarrhea .
Waiting for illness to pass by
Doctors agree that the best treatment for 24-hour intestinal flu is to rest in bed for a short time.
The more the person can rest, the more energy the body will have to fight the invader.
Lying in bed
Resting is often the best treatment for anything that causes nausea or vomiting.
Do not drink alcohol
Anyone who has ever drunk himself in life knows that alcohol can be very irritating to the stomach. When the person suffers from stomach pain , it is certainly not the time to get drunk.
And if sudden nausea is a consequence of intoxication, this is a reason to avoid alcohol.
The same goes for fatty foods, foods with lots of seasoning, drinks with caffeine and cigarettes.
The worst thing we can do for vomiting is to fight it, because vomiting is a way the body has to get rid of something that is causing damage to the stomach. Holding the urge to vomit can effectively cause damage to the esophagus.
Trying a cold compress
Applying ice on the head can provide great relief when we feel like vomiting. It does not stop vomiting, but it helps the person to feel a little better.
Maintain balance of water and minerals
In case of nausea with vomiting, it is important to replace the fluids that are lost with rejection and to maintain sodium and potassium (electrolytes) balance in the body.
If you can not avoid food for more than a day or two, drink a sports drink, such as Gatorade, which is light to the stomach and designed to reintegrate the mineral salts.
If it causes discomfort in the stomach, it can be diluted with water.
Acupuncture and Remedies for Relaxation
It is possible to try acupuncture, which has been shown to reduce nausea during pregnancy.
Classic anti- stress techniques , such as meditation or prenatal yoga, are other helpful remedies.
It is advisable to drink a lemon juice or lemonade against nausea; even the smell of lemon can reduce the symptoms.
Treatment for chronic nausea
Medications that may be taken during pregnancy
Over-the-counter medicines that contain bismuth protect the stomach wall and may help relieve nausea. Avoid aspirin because it can irritate the stomach.
It is possible to take medicines during pregnancy, for example:
- Dimenidrinato (Dramin®),
- Metoclopramida (Plasil ®)
- Domperidona (Motilium)
If the disease is caused by a digestive problem, it is possible to drink a glass of water with a teaspoon of baking soda.
What to eat? Diet for morning sickness in pregnancy
Follow the pregnancy diet. Focus on the dynamic double: proteins and complex carbohydrates that are good for reducing nausea, especially when ingested together.
Avoid milk and dairy products.
Natural Remedies in the Kitchen
This food helps in the treatment of nausea and vomiting.
Prepare anise tea by placing ¼ teaspoon in 1/2 cup boiling water.
Keep at rest for 5 minutes.
Drink once a day.
Sprinkle the vegetables, such as carrots or pumpkin, with anise seeds.
If the stomach tolerates the fruit during or immediately after an outbreak of nausea, try to ingest the anise along with baked apples or pears.
Put 1 tablespoon of fennel seeds in a cup of boiling water and hold for 10 minutes. Sweet to taste with honey. Drink as permitted by nausea.
No doubt, ginger is the best remedy for stomach irritation.
Taken anyway, it relieves nausea during and not only pregnancy.
Try ginger tea or gingerbread.
Anyone traveling should carry with them chopsticks of ginger or crystallized ginger instead of pills or stickers.
Studies show that ginger is more effective than the drug we buy at the pharmacy.
Avoid ginger beer unless it actually contains ginger.
Currently, many of the ginger beers do not contain ginger dressing.
tea relieves nausea. Simply put about 1 tablespoon of dried leaves in half a liter of hot water for 30 minutes; stir and drink.
Do not throw away the mint leaves while drinking tea. Instead, chew the leaves.
Boiled mint leaves can help treat nausea.
It is possible to chew the licorice root , but there are some side effects, including high blood pressure .
Tips to better support nausea during pregnancy
Avoid eating dishes (or look at them or smell) that cause nausea (spicy foods, fatty acids and that can be particularly hard to digest for having a strong aroma).
There are likely to be some healthy foods that you can continue to eat that do not cause nausea and that guarantee nutritional needs until a more varied diet becomes acceptable.
Do not worry too much about eating the daily dose of food in the short term as the child’s needs are now greatly reduced.
It is advised to eat six to eight small meals throughout the day instead of three large meals.
When the belly is empty, the acids have nothing to chew except the inner lining of the stomach, which increases nausea during pregnancy.
In addition, smaller meals are easier to digest, less likely to cause nausea.
Eat in bed. Fill the bedside table with fruit, cold cereal and evening snacks (so your stomach does not go completely empty when you go to sleep).
Eat something early in the morning to avoid the onset of nausea.
It is possible to make a small evening snack if the pregnant woman wakes up in the middle of the night to go to the bathroom.
Focus on fluids because they are always more important than short-term solids (especially in case of vomiting).
They may also be easier to digest if they are not solid; so drink the nutrients in the form of soups or juices.
Try foods with ginger (various scientific studies show a reduction in nausea and vomiting during pregnancy) such as ginger beer, ginger tea, ginger bullets or ginger drinks.
The good old salt cracker is always useful if nothing causes the nausea to go away.
Take the prenatal vitamins at night and make sure they do not contain iron, at least until you get through the morning nausea of pregnancy.
Ask your doctor if you should take vitamin B6, which is associated with reduced stress and nausea.