The pain in the thigh can be caused by the structures that comprise it:
- Bones ( femur ),
- Joints of the hip or knee ,
- Muscles ( quadriceps , thigh flexors, adductors and tensor of fascia lata),
- Nerves (lateral sciatic, crural and femoral cutaneous),
- Blood vessels,
- Tendons and connective tissue.
In addition, pain can be referred to, that is, originating in other structures or organs of the body and irradiated to the thigh.
The chances of having pain in the right thigh are equal to those of having pain in the left thigh.
Distension or injury
A distension of the quadriceps may occur after intense physical activity such as:
- Kick the ball.
Symptoms occur on the front of the thigh.
Jumpers, footballers and sprinters often suffer a slight stretch.
If the pain does not pass after 2 days, the doctor may prescribe an ultrasound .
- It is not invasive,
- It’s cheap,
- It is indicated to check for the presence of an injury or stretch.
In case of muscle damage, the most appropriate treatments include the TECR(Capacitive and Resistive Energy Transfer), that is, an electrotherapy that favors:
- Absorption of the hematoma ,
- Regeneration of muscle tissue.
The TECR acts more deeply than other machines used in physiotherapy.
Osteomyelitis means infection bone.
The bones most affected are:
- The femur,
- The humerus ,
- The vertebrae.
The other symptoms are indicated in the following list:
Degenerative arthritis is a disease of bones, joints, articular cartilage and subchondral bone (located under the cartilage).
This disease causes:
The disease is caused by:
- Hereditary factors,
- Other factors.
Symptoms of sciatica include leg pain (thigh, calf , ankle and foot ), loss of strength and sensitivity, in addition to tingling .
This disease is characterized by inflammation of the sciatic nerve and can be caused by herniated disc .
Cancer : Bone cancer forms in the bones of the arm, the femur, the tibia, and the pelvis.
The cancer causes a deaf pain along with swelling or redness of the skin.
Consists of bone formation within a muscle and is usually the consequence of a trauma.
Pain on the outside of the thigh
Pain on the outside of the thigh may be caused by:
- A trauma,
- A problem of the tensor muscle of the fascia lata or its tendon,
- A pain radiated from the muscles,
- Meralgia paresthetic.
The syndrome iliotibial band is a disease caused by excessive use of the connective tissue on the outside of the knee and thigh.
The iliotibial band is a structure that stabilizes the knee joint during:
- The flexion,
- The extension.
The iliotibial band syndrome causes pain especially during the run, when the heel touches the ground.
The trigger points are points within the muscle that cause local pain and distance when they are active.
The triggers that may cause pain along the outside or lateral side of the thigh are as follows:
- Gluteus medius ,
- Minimal gluteus, pain goes up to the ankle and heel , can also cause tingling in the toes,
- Vast lateral quadriceps,
- Tensor of the fascia lata.
Muscle pain that originates in the gluteus and radiates to the outer side of the thigh is more frequent on the right .
The Paresthetica meralgia is a disease that affects the nerves.
The inguinal ligament may compress the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve.
This nerve is a sensory nerve structure that causes burning pain ( burning ) in the upper and outer thigh.
Pain on the inner side of the thigh may be caused by:
- Hip arthrosis ,
- Pubalgia ,
- Menstrual pain (in the days before the onset of menstruation, the woman has pain from the lower abdomen to the inner side of the thigh),
- Muscle stretching or stretching,
- Adductor muscle contraction (usually after a soccer workout).
Severe physical activity can cause injury to the thigh muscles. Some of the most frequent causes of pain are as follows:
When the lateral cutaneous nerve of the femur is compressed by a ligament in the groin, the person feels a burning pain (severe burning) in the superior and anterior part of the thigh.
In case of protrusion or herniated disc that compresses the sciatic nerve, the person feels a throbbing pain in the thighs.
The symptoms worsen when the patient leans forward and often when getting up from a chair.
Thigh muscle injury
The abductor muscles help stabilize the knee.
The biceps femoris is a muscle that flexes the knee.
These muscles tire because of a change of pace in the race, such as in a stretch or a sprint.
The risk of tearing one of these muscles is high.
Soccer players may have a muscle injury or injury to the adductor muscles that are located in the inner thigh.
With age, the cartilage found in the joints degenerates and causes arthrosis.
Other Causes of Severe Thigh Pain:
- Stones in the kidneys , the pain can radiate to the buttock, groin and upper thighs,
- Knee prosthesis .
The following are some of the causes that cause pain, numbness or tingling in the thigh.
- Neuropathy: metabolic problems, nerve damage, exposure to toxins, diabetes, etc.
- Nervous compressions,
- Herniated disc,
- Meralgia paresthetic,
- Deep vein thrombosis,
- Quadriceps muscle rupture,
- Stretching of the flexor or posterior muscles of the thigh,
- Meralgia paresthetic.
The most frequent causes of thigh pain during the night are:
- Trochanteric bursitis,
- Piriformis syndrome , causes pain when the person turns in bed,
- Problems of circulation,
- Septic arthritis.
In children, thigh pain is caused by many causes:
This is a rare disease that affects children between 4 and 10 years.
The disease begins with pain:
When the child grows, the symptoms that occur are dysmetria of the lower limbs and little range of motion in abduction (lift the leg).