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Pain in the neck, the main causes

The pain in the nape of the neck occurs in the lower part of the skull, between the head and the neck.


Pain in the neck and head

The headache occipital (back of the head) is less frequent pain in front (ahead).

For some people it can hurt the whole head; in other people the pain is unilateral.
Some headaches are very serious, often the person has difficulty working.
Sometimes even performing simple and necessary tasks like eating can cause pain.
The headaches are classified into:

  • Primary,
  • Secondary schools.

In primary headache , the headache is not caused by a disease of the body. When a disease causes headaches, headache is secondary . Pregnant
women suffer from headache at the temples and forehead more than others, especially in the first 3 months.


What are the causes of neck pain?

Headache caused by muscle tension
This type of headache occurs when the neck muscles harden.
Insomnia, bruxism , stress, anxiety , fatigue and poor posture cause muscle tension.
People who suffer from bruxism (clench their teeth at night) feel night pain at the nape of the neck and in the morning, but can continue even during the day.

Headache associated with cold
Everyone came from eating an ice cream or a frozen drink very quickly.
The sensation is that of a “headache caused by exposure to cold.”
This headache affects only a few people.

Headache A cervical headache is a secondary headache caused by neck problems.
Headache caused by muscle contraction occurs when the neck muscles are contracted, especially at the top of the neck.
If the pain occurs in the morning upon waking, the cause may be the pillow, whereas if the symptoms occur at night, the reason is probably poor posture.
The pain occurs especially:

  • To touch
  • When you laugh or yawn
  • With the cough
  • During an effort
  • In cervical rotation.

The patient may also have:

The spinal cord connects the skull to the craniocervical joint.
Anomalies of the cranio-cervical junction cause occipital and suboccipital headache (pain arises from the base of the skull).
The pain begins in the neck and radiates to the nape of the neck.

neuralgia Occipital neuralgia is a condition that occurs when the right or left occipital nerve (a pair of nerves that originate from the second and third vertebrae of the spine) are irritated (by stretching or compression).
These nerves go over and on the back of the head.
If the occipital nerves become inflamed, the individual feels persistent or continuous pain in the back of the head to the right or left.
Rarely the symptoms are bilateral (Il Choi et al. – 2016).
Occipital neuralgia can cause pain along the scalp to the eye because there are branches of the nerves that originate between C2 and C3 (second and third vertebrae) and arrive below the front.
The most frequent causes of nerve damage are as follows:

If the problem is musculoskeletal , there are two very effective treatments :

In case of serious illness (infection, injury or tumor), you have to modify the feeding to:

  • Improve the immune system,
  • Improve circulation,
  • Fight against a possible tumor.

It is important to avoid:

  • Milk and dairy products,
  • Products with gluten,
  • Red meat.

You can eat:

  • A lot of greenery,
  • Fruit (which should be avoided at night),
  • Nuts,
  • Legumes.

It may be necessary to  infiltrate cortisone (Dougherty – 2014) or analgesics.
Performing massage is helpful.

Diseases that cause pain in the neck

Infectious meningitis
Sore throat caused by meningitis is caused by inflammation of the membranes (meninges) lining the brain and spinal cord.
Often a torticoll develops.
Among the symptoms of this disease are:

Subarachnoid hemorrhage
A sudden and severe headache (Morgenstern et al., 2001) may be caused by a stroke or cerebral hemorrhage .
The pain in the nape of the neck is accompanied by other symptoms:

The high blood pressure can cause headaches (Cortelli et al. – 2004) appearing as a helmet, ie, around the skull, especially the neck (Assarzadegan et al. – 2013).

Swelling of the lymph nodes
When an infection occurs, the lymph nodes in the neck swell .
Infections of the scalp, ear, eyes, nose and throat cause swelling of the lymph nodes.
Rubella in childhood can also cause swelling.
The lymph nodes cause neck pain and neck pain, it feels like a bruise.

arteritis Temporal arteritis is caused by inflammation of the large arteries of the head.
The cause of this pathology is unknown.
Experts think that temporal arteritis is an immune reaction.
People who suffer from serious infections or those who have taken too many antibiotics have a greater risk of developing this disease.

Temporal arteritis causes the following symptoms:

  • Vision problems
  • Discomfort on the scalp
  • Pain in the right or left side of the head
  • Neck and neck pain (Chacko et al – 2015),
  • Pain in the jaw .

Treatment involves the use of cortisone  because it is an inflammatory disease (Chew et al. – 2009).

like headaches Seasonal flu causes headaches and joint pain , often also sitting on the back of the head.
In patients suffering from sinusitis , neck pain worsens when you lower your head because it increases the pressure in the sinuses.

Zoster virus herpes
virus herpes zoster can cause a burning sensation around the neck and headaches often on one side.
This pain precedes the rash which is the main symptom of shingles.

Parkinson’s Disease
About 33% of people with Parkinson’s disease feel pain in the back of the head and neck.

fever In dengue fever, the patient suffers from:

  • A strong headache,
  • High fever

About 20% of headaches are at the back of the head.

The Fibromyalgia is a disease that causes muscle pain widespread:

  • Head,
  • Neck,
  • Arms,
  • Costas,
  • Legs .

Among the symptoms are also: anxiety , insomnia and chronic fatigue .

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