The nerves of the eyes  originate in the brain and innervate other structures of head. 
A nerve damage or dysfunction can cause pain in all regions where it has nerve endings.

The muscles of the face and neck may have trigger points, that is, points that can cause pain in a region of the body when they are active.

At the vascular level , there may be a hematoma (blood accumulation) in case of trauma or subdural hemorrhage may occur  which presses against certain structures of the head and eyes. 
Finally, an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses (sinusitis) can cause pain around the eyes.

 

Pain in the eyes and forehead

Sinusitis
The sinusitis is an infection of the nose and paranasal sinuses that can cause inflammation behind the eyes. 
Sinusitis can cause:

  • Pain in one or both eyes (bilateral),
  • Nose clogged and cold ,
  • Pain in the temples,
  • Frontal pain up the nose ,
  • Fever .

Trigger Points
There are points called trigger points in the muscles that cause radiated muscle painwhen they are active. 
The muscles that can cause pain from the neck to the forehead, reaching up to the eye are:

  • Esternocleidomastoideo,
  • Suboccipital muscles (below the neck ).

The anterior muscle bundles of the thunderstorm have a trigger point that can cause pain:

  • In the temples,
  • On the test,
  • In the eyes .

 

Causes of eye and head aches

If the patient has intermittent pain around the eyes but they are healthy, the cause may be one of the following:

Migraine. migraine is a disease that causes:

  • Throbbing pain in the eyes,
  • Photophobia ,
  • Nausea ,
  • Visual disturbances.

This disorder is one of the most common causes of eye pain during pregnancy .

Headache in salvos. The headache  at saved  because episodic ocular pain which may last from 15 minutes to two hours. 
It is generally characterized by a malfunction of the sympathetic nervous system.

Herpes zoster

Trigeminal neuralgia. The trigeminal neuralgia is more annoying because it causes chronic pain with occasional stinging or burning . 
The pain lasts for a few minutes or seconds, and has no set frequency.

Pain can be localized to the level of:

  • Jaw and jaw,
  • Apple face and eyes,
  • Forehead and scalp.

The pain can be triggered by vibrations or contact, for example combing hair, brushing teeth, touching the temples or exposing yourself to a jet of cold air. 
Generally, the cause is herpes zoster , an infection that can cause excruciating pain that is resistant to medical therapy.

High Intracranial Pressure
Diseases that cause high intracranial pressure and ocular pain may be:

  • Cerebral aneurysm ,
  • Brain tumors,
  • Venous sinus thrombosis,
  • O pseudotumor cerebral.

Eye pain caused by high intracranial pressure may be aggravated by the Valsalva maneuver.

Pain in the Neck
The neck pain higher can cause headache that radiates from the forehead to the back of the eye, vertigo ( dizziness ) and mental confusion. 
Between the first two cervical vertebrae (C1 and C2) there is no disc and therefore the pain can not be caused by a herniated disc . 
The causes may be cervical arthrosis , a blockage of the joints that interferes with the nerves or the adhesions of the connective tissue.

Vascular diseases that cause eye pain
Rarely, eye pain is a symptom of a bleeding subdural , intracerebral epidural or subarachnoid . 
Any carotid artery disease (eg, inflammation , embolism , thrombosis , dissection) can cause monocular symptoms and could herald an impending stroke , although isolated eye pain is not the only symptom.

Eye pain et ireoide

The hyperthyroidism caused by Graves’ disease -Basedow can cause eye pain, especially when the person looks up beyond the typical symptoms:

 

Treatment for eye pain and headache

Sinusitis:  If sinusitis is caused by a bacterial infection, it can be treated with antibiotics .

Many people develop a chronic sinusitis that does not pass with antibiotics; in this case, among the most effective therapies, there is a natural diet based on:

  • Fruits,
  • Vegetables,
  • Other unprocessed food.

Migraines : Migraine  also causes pain in the eyes. There are several medications that can be taken individually or in combination, for example, ibuprofen or paracetamol.

Some scientific studies show that there are foods that can cause migraine, for example:

  • Gluten ,
  • Chocolate,
  • Pork, etc.

Chemical burns to the eye and cornea: Chemical burns to the eye are treated immediately with large amounts of water to wash the eye, followed by anesthetic eye drops, until normal levels of acidity or alkalinity of the eye are reached. 
If the substance is an acid, wash the eyes with water and baking soda .

 

Natural Remedies for Eye and Headache

For mild cases of eye discomfort:

  • Rest your eyes,
  • Avoid intense light.

As with other diseases, a healthy diet can cure most eye problems, although patients often prefer eye drops and medications that give only temporary relief.

There are several types of very effective natural nutrition , but it is often necessary to change many eating habits. 
Among the most effective diets are:

  • Dieta Paleo,
  • Vegan-crudívora diet ,
  • Blood type diet .

Natural nutrition gives the body all the necessary nutrients, but not harmful or indigestible substances such as:

  1. Gluten ,
  2. Lactose and casein,
  3. Caffeine and other stimulants.

 

Bibliography

1. Migraine Headaches: Gluten Triggers Severe Headaches in Sensitive Individuals
2. a b Sun-Edelstein C, Mauskop A., Foods and supplements in the management of migraine headaches., in Clin J Pain, vol. 25, nº 5, giugno 2009, pp. 446-52., PMID 19454881.

Read too