Pain in pregnancy can occur in different parts of the body. 
In some cases they are similar to the  menstrual cramps  of the normal cycle:


Headache in pregnancy

The head pain is common during pregnancy
Before taking a medicine, it is necessary to ask the doctor if it is safe and will not harm the baby. 
Instead of medications, relaxation techniques can help. 
The headache may be a sign of pre-eclampsia ( high blood pressure during pregnancy). 
If the pain worsens and does not pass easily when the patient is taking the medicine Alivium, especially near the end of pregnancy, it is necessary to inform the doctor.


Numbness and tingling in pregnancy

When the uterus grows it can press the nerves in the legs. 
This can cause numbness and tingling in the legs and feet. 
This is normal and passes after giving birth (it may take two weeks or months).

It is also possible to feel a numbness or tingling in the fingers of the hands. 
Tingling in the hands may also be a symptom of pregnancy-induced carpal tunnel syndrome . 
It can be observed many times:

  • During the night,
  • Upon waking.

If the woman feels discomfort, she can use a bracing at night.


Pain in the spine during pregnancy

The lower back pain  during pregnancy is very common; some women have not been able to get out of bed in recent months. 
The pain in  the lower spine may manifest between the fifth and sixth months and last for several weeks or months. 
Lumbar pain may be mild or very strong, although it is muscular in nature.

The area of ​​pain may be:

To prevent or reduce low back and sacral pain:

  • It is necessary to maintain the correct posture so as not to have back pain.
  • Shoes should not be worn too low or too high.
  • Sleep on your side with a pillow between your legs.
  • Sitting on a chair with good support.
  • Do not stand for long.
  • Bend your knees as you pick something up off the floor.
  • Do not lift heavy objects.
  • Make a hot compress on the sore part of the back.
  • Massage on the sore part of the back.
  • Perform the exercises suggested by the doctor.


Pregnancy pains

Leg pain in pregnancy

The extra weight that the pregnant woman carries can cause muscle pain in the legs , especially in the case of twin pregnancy. 
The body produces hormones (progesterone and relaxin) that cause greater looseness of the ligaments throughout the body to prepare it for childbirth. 
However, more flexible ligaments can be injured more easily, more often in the back, so be careful when lifting weights and when exercising.

The cramps in the legs are common in the last months of pregnancy and are mainly caused by:

  • Deceleration of blood circulation,
  • Bad eating habits.

It is important to avoid stretching the muscles that have cramps because this would cause a worsening of the contracture . 
We recommend placing:

  • The leg in the opposite position to the elongation,
  • Massaging the muscle.

It is necessary to pay attention if pain and swelling affect one leg, but not the other. 
This may be a sign of a blood clot ( deep venous thrombosis ).

Round ligament pain during pregnancy

Is tummy pain sometimes normal? 
Yes. Pain in the lower abdomen  is normal because the abdomen extends as the uterus expands.

Hormones alter the muscles and ligaments (connective tissue) that support the uterus to be more flexible. 
This causes a pain called pain of the round ligament in the lower abdomen.

Probably the pain is felt:

  • When getting up from the bed or a chair,
  • When coughing,
  • When you go to the bathroom.

The woman also feels pain when the baby’s head moves in the last months of pregnancy. 
It is believed that pain is more frequent in subsequent pregnancies because the pelvic floor muscles are weakened and tend to suffer more pressure from the uterus.


Puberty Symphysis Dysfunction in Pregnancy

The dysfunction of the pubic symphysis (or pubalgia  during pregnancy) is a pain in the pelvic and inguinal region. 
The pain can be concentrated in the buttocks or down down along the leg; for this reason it is often confused with sciatica. 
The pubic symphysis is a joint that lies between the abdominal muscles and the genitals. 
The dysfunction of the pubic symphysis worsens:

  • When walking,
  • When climbing stairs,
  • When changing position in bed.

It can cause discomfort at night, but this is due to activities performed during the day. 
This pain is more common from the sixth month and near the end of pregnancy; is less frequent in the first few months. 
The pain can range from mild to severe and the patient may need help getting up.

Causes of pubic symphysis dysfunction
Several factors may contribute to the dysfunction of the pubic symphysis.

  • The pelvic joints are stabilized by the ligaments and usually move very little. 
    During pregnancy, however, the ligaments become more flexible  and stretch further; thus, the joints move more. 
    The consequence is pelvis instability .
  • In addition, postural changes caused by the weight and expansion of the abdomen may cause greater mobility of one joint relative to the others.

This involves an additional effort on the joints. 
The consequence is:

What to do?

  • pelvic lift belt can be recommended that often gives immediate relief.
  • It is possible to ask a physiotherapist  to show the best way to perform daily activities to avoid pain; for example, getting out of bed.

Among the exercises recommended are:

  • Reinforcement of the abs,
  • Kegel Exercises ,
  • Prenatal aerobics in the water.

The preventive measures are:

  • Avoid activities that cause pain,
  • Avoid lifting heavy loads,
  • Do not support body weight in just one leg,
  • Sleep on the left side with a pillow between your legs,
  • Keep moving,
  • It is important to get plenty of rest.


When does abdominal pain cause concern in the first trimester of pregnancy?

Mild abdominal pain is usually not a concern in early pregnancy.

In general, they also occur:

These symptoms are physiological and are caused by hormonal changes and or are symptoms of the implantation of the embryo. 
But if there are other symptoms, it may be necessary to seek medical attention.

Women who have retroversion of the uterus do not suffer more than others. In fact, generally after the third month the child’s weight causes the forward movement of the uterus, which will thus have an anteversive or natural position. If the uterus remains retroverted, complications may occur, including urine retention. 

Early Spontaneous Abortion
Unfortunately, early miscarriage is quite frequent in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. 
The possible causes of abortion are many and may be linked:

  • To the embryo that is not developing properly,
  • To the mother, including:
    • Diseases (eg diabetes , thyroid disorders, uterine fibromatosis),
    • Smoke,
    • Alcohol abuse,
    • Exposure to toxic substances (benzene, formaldehyde, etc.).

They occur:

  • Cramps,
  • Loss of blood ,
  • Abdominal pain in the lower abdomen in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.

Ectopic Pregnancy
An ectopic pregnancy develops outside the uterus. 
Unfortunately, pregnancy can not be completed because it can endanger the woman’s life. 
It is a serious disorder and therefore rapid treatment is required. 
In Europe, about one percent of pregnancies are ectopic.

At first, there may be:

  • Nausea ,
  • Abdominal pain.

Then the symptoms are similar to those of spontaneous abortion.

  • Cramps painful with numbness that usually starts on one side and spreads to the abdomen,
  • Bleeding dark and watery,
  • Pain similar to a renal or intestinal colic.

It usually happens between the fourth / fifth and the tenth week of pregnancy .


When should abdominal pain be a cause for concern in the second trimester of pregnancy?

Mild abdominal pain in the second trimester should not be a cause for concern.

Between the twelfth week and the twenty-fourth week of pregnancy the chances of a late miscarriage are low (1% of pregnancies). 
It is necessary to remember that late abortion is much less frequent than early abortion.

In case of late abortion, there are:

  • Intense and repeated cramps resembling contractions,
  • Loss of blood.

If the pregnant woman notices any loss or vaginal bleeding, she should seek the doctor or obstetrician.

When is it necessary to worry about abdominal pain in the third trimester of pregnancy?

By the third trimester, abdominal pain may be a symptom of premature labor. 
In case of preterm birth, there are:

  • Pain in the pelvic region or lower abdomen,
  • Back pain,
  • Abdominal cramps regular and close to each other,
  • Diarrhea .

May occur:

  • Burst of purse,
  • Regular contractions,
  • The opening of the cervix also painlessly.

This can happen anytime between the 24th and 37th weeks of pregnancy.

Colic after the 37th week may mean that the pregnant woman is in the early stage of labor. 
It is also possible to feel a constant pain in the spine caused by the increase in pressure in the pelvis.


Natural Treatment and Remedies for Pain in Pregnancy

Natural food and diet

In pregnancy a healthy diet is crucial that can help prevent:

  • Complications,
  • Inflammation ,
  • Overweight,
  • Hypertension ,
  • Headaches .

There are two types of natural food that can prevent health problems.

1. The Vegan / Cruditous Diet  – According to this type of food it is important to only eat foods of plant origin, avoiding processed, preserved foods and cereals. 
Many people believe that a vegan diet does not contain protein but in fact, vegetables and nuts (nuts, almonds, peanuts, etc.) are high in protein foods.

2. Blood type diet that resembles the  Paleo diet because it allows eating natural foods available in nature. In practice, it includes foods that our ancestors ate until the birth of the food industry.


Regular physical activity can promote shorter labor and faster postpartum recovery. 
Maintaining a basic level of fitness does well, but pregnancy is not the appropriate time to do intense exercise or to lose weight.

Low-impact exercises compensate for hormonal changes that weaken joints. 
During pregnancy, the body produces relaxin to dilate the birth canal, but this causes the hyperelasticity of all other joints.

We recommend strengthening exercises that stabilize the joints and help prevent muscle strain . 
Aerobic exercises allow you to burn fat and reduce your weight gain to 10-15 kg.

After the first trimester, it is recommended not to use the sit-ups to get out of bed, especially for women at risk of preterm birth. 
You better lie on one side before getting up.


Natural Remedies to Relieve Tummy Pain in Pregnancy

Sitting and relaxing
Resting comfortably should help. 
If the sitting position aggravates the pain, try to rest in the position of four (quadrupedia) or lying on the spine.

Also, the movement to move from sitting to standing should be slow and sweet. 
Getting up slowly gives the muscles time to adjust to changing positions.

Sometimes it can help a supportive girdle or an elastic bandage designed especially for pregnancy. 
A belt supports a portion of the child’s weight and reduces pressure on the belly muscles. 
The obstetrician or physiotherapist can give helpful advice.

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