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Olive oil

Olive oil is an oil obtained from the fruit of Olea europaea (Oliveira), a tree typical of the Mediterranean region.

Oil is used in cosmetics, medicine, kitchen and soaps.

Difference between normal oil and extra virgin oil

Extra virgin olive oil is made from olives with physical processes, while refined olive oil has been worked to eliminate chemical defects.

 The oil is cloudy if it is not filtered, but that does not mean that the quality is low.


Composition of olive oil

The first aspect is composition, it is a triglyceride consisting of fatty acids. 
Olive oil has a prevalence of monounsaturated fats (73.3%, mainly oleic acid), while animal fats are basically composed of saturated fatty acids. 
Monounsaturated fatty acids are much more stable. 
Olive oil also has a low percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids and this is important because the body can not synthesize this type of fatty acids. 
Olive oil also contains other substances. 
The most important are:

  • Polyphenols,
  • Tocoferóis.

These components have a significant antioxidant function and are mainly found in virgin olive oils because the refining processes alter and remove these components. 
Olive oil has a delicate taste, but in some cases can be bitter, depends on the quality of the olives.


Nutritional table

What are the nutritional values ​​of 100g of olive oil?

Energy 3,701 kJ (885 calories)
Carbohydrates 0 g
Fat 100 g
– saturated 14 g 
– monounsaturated 73 g 
– polyunsaturated 11 g
Omega3 inferior a 1,5 g
– omega6 between 3.5 and 21 g
Protein 0 g
Vitamin E 14 mg (93% of the recommended daily intake for adults)
Vitamina K 62 mg (59% of the recommended daily intake for adults)

Oil bottled and stored away from heat and light lasts for 18 months, but a person who drinks this overdue product is not at risk for health.


Olive oil in food

The extra virgin olive oil does well because it is the most digestible fat and has the following properties:

  • Helps to absorb vitamins A, D and K,
  • Contains essential acids that the body can not produce
  • Slows the aging process
  • Promotes intestinal, liver and bile activity
  • It is a mild laxative, it is necessary to drink the fasting oil (on an empty stomach)
  • Reduces LDL or “bad” cholesterol in the blood

The recommended daily amount is about 3 tablespoons. 
Olive oil is one of the best frying oils because it begins to degrade and produce harmful substances at a very high temperature (210 °). 
Generally, the other oils become harmful at temperatures around 140/180 °.

Vitamins can be divided into:

  • Liposoluble,
  • Hidrossolúveis.

Generally, fat-soluble vitamins (such as those found in olive oil) do not degenerate during cooking . 
They are stored in the liver and body fat for long periods, so it is essential to eat these vitamins at every meal. 
The whole olives in oil have both vitamins:

  • Liposoluble,
  • Hidrossolúveis.

Vitamin E (a natural antioxidant): Olives have 2.3 IU (international units) of vitamin E per tablespoon. 
One tablespoon gives 8% of the recommended daily allowance of vitamin E. 
Vitamin K : The richest sources of vitamin K include green leafy vegetables. 
Plus the greenery is green, plus the amount of vitamin is high because the vitamin is found in chlorophyll. 
Vegetable oils like olive oil are the second source of this vitamin.


Benefits of olive oil

The benefits of this oil to the skin can be achieved:

  • With topical application,
  • When you drink.

The components of the oil has many benefits for the skin. 
For example, extra virgin olive oil contains antioxidants (such as polyphenols) that:

  • They reverse the aging process of the skin,
  • Reduce the formation of wrinkles.

In addition, they protect the skin from the harmful effects of free radicals. 
Given that it contains vitamin E, olive oil is an excellent moisturizer and a facial beauty product.

Secret Weapon for Weight Loss
According to experts, a diet rich in olive oil can cause greater and longer lasting weight loss than a low-fat diet. 
Of course you do not have to overdo it because the oil has about 900 calories per 100g, so a lot can get fat.

Preventing Diabetes
Extra virgin olive oil as part of a balanced diet may help prevent or delay the onset of  diabetes mellitus (L Schwingshackl et al. – 2017).

Extra virgin olive oil contains a substance called oleocanthal which has anti-inflammatory substances , so olive oil is like a natural Alivium (Parkinson et al. – 2014).

Strengthens the Immune System
Full of antioxidants (essential for strengthening and protecting the immune system), extra virgin olive oil can increase resistance to infection  (Puertollano et al. – 2010). 
In other oils, this concentration of important antioxidants is not found.

For pregnancy
The application of olive oil helps to prevent stretch marks, also when you are pregnant can improve the child’s psychomotor reflex.

Because extra virgin olive oil helps prevent and / or reduce the impact of many diseases (including cancer), it can help you live longer (Owen et al., 2014).

Can be used as an intimate lubricant for vaginal dryness, but only when the condom is not used.


Cosmetics from olive oil

Benefits of Olive Oil for Hair
There is a connection between olive oil and hair growth. 
It can treat various skin diseases and is a good treatment for hair loss. 
One of the advantages of using olive oil for hair is that it helps in the prevention and treatment of hair loss .

Many people lose their hair due to the presence of a hormone called DHT (dihydrotestosterone) that causes a decrease in the hair follicles. 
The DHT is responsible for:

  • Hair loss,
  • Male baldness.

Applying olive oil on the hair prevents the production of the hormone DHT in the scalp and therefore fights the problem of hair loss. 
The presence of antioxidants in olive oil helps the general health of the scalp. 
The damages caused by an excessive use of chemicals in the hair can be cured with the help of olive oil. 
Olive oil:

  1. It is an effective treatment for hair loss ,
  2. It also acts as a natural conditioner .

In other words, a hydration with olive oil leaves hair shiny and soft.

The anti-bacterial and antifungal properties of olive oil help eliminate dandruff and lice . 
Dandruff can cause hair loss and olive oil helps heal this problem so it can reduce hair loss. 
This helps to:

  • Keep the scalp cleaner,
  • Improve the natural resistance of hair.

massage on the scalp with olive oil:

  • Improves blood circulation,
  • Increases hair growth.

At the same time the massage helps to reduce stress and promote a restful sleep that is important to maintain good health.

Mix cinnamon and honey
This is another popular remedy for hair loss. 
Make a paste mixing the olive oil with honey and cinnamon.

  • Heat 2 tbsp olive oil
  • Add 1 tablespoon of honey and 1 teaspoon of cinnamon powder.
  • Stir to make a paste to apply on the hair.
  • Leave in the hair for 15 minutes and then rinse with a mild shampoo.

Olive oil can be a good product for getting a tan faster that leaves the skin golden. 
The first two times you sunbathe, use a cream with high protection, then you can apply the oil on the skin, but it is best to avoid the hottest hours of the day (between 11 and 16). 
People suffering from pimples on the face should avoid putting oil that closes the pores and can aggravate the situation.

The atopic dermatitis or eczema is an inflammation of the skin that needs oil to reduce the symptoms and soothe the skin. 
For seborrheic dermatitis, olive oil may improve the situation. 
It is a great product for dry leg skin , it is also useful for cracked lips and for strengthening nails.

You can use ozonated (ie with added ozone) oil that combines the effects of ozone with those of the oil, in particular it has the following advantages:

  • Reduces cellulite
  • Stimulates metabolism
  • Moisturises the skin

Olive oil can be used as a makeup remover and to reduce wrinkles and chicken feet. 
It is an ingredient to put on face masks along with:

  • White clay,
  • Lemon juice,
  • Mel.

This is also useful as a remedy for blemishes on the face . 
It is possible to use olive oil (2 tablespoons) with brown sugar (1 tablespoon) for facial peeling .


Use olive oil to treat earaches

The ear pain may be due to several reasons. 
The most common cause is of course the excessive accumulation of wax . 
Wax is a protective layer that prevents foreign particles from coming into contact with the ear canal and the eardrum, but too much wax in the ear can also cause pain and other problems.

Another cause of ear pain can be an infection inside the ear . 
If it is not treated in time it can reduce hearing . 
Therefore it is necessary to make some checks if the infection persists for a long time.

You can use olive oil for both situations.

Pick up a small cotton ball that will fit into the person’s ear and place that ball in the hot oil. 
When he absorbed the oil:

  • Pick up the cotton and squeeze the oil in the ear interested,
  • Or simply put the cotton in the ear and let the olive oil inside.

When you put the oil in the ear it is necessary to lie on its side to facilitate penetration into the ear canal.

To remove the wax plug , after 5 minutes the person should turn on the other side and put a clean cloth under the ear to let the oil and wax fall.

This remedy is contraindicated in the case of perforated eardrum .

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