Pain in the navel may be mild or excruciating; in addition, it may be constant or intermittent.
Persistent pain can not be ignored if it is caused by bowel problems, such as an umbilical hernia .
Anatomy of the navel
The navel is a depressed or raised area in the abdomen at the point of insertion of the umbilical cord.
It is located approximately in the middle of the abdominal wall, in the alba line.
During the development of the fetus, through the umbilical cord the mother provides it with oxygen and nutrients.
By the anatomical constitution is an area with less resistance in the abdominal wall.
The navel is connected to the liver through the round ligament.
The appendix causes inflammation sudden appendix.
This tissue mass can develop pain when it becomes inflamed due to an infection .
It usually affects children under 12 years, but adults can also have this disorder.
When the appendix becomes inflamed, the person suffers from abdominal pain on the right side above the groin, which may worsen over time:
- Initially, the pain develops around the abdominal area,
- Then it extends to the right side , below the liver.
The other symptoms of the disease are as follows:
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
UTIs affect the urinary system formed by the following parts:
- Bladder (above pubic bone).
The infection causes the urge to urinate frequently and the bad smell in the urine . The pain and burning felt during urination (while the person urinates) and after a sexual relationship are very strong; the pain is mild or moderate for the rest of the day and may extend into the vagina . Although the UTI can infect any part of the urinary system, it often affects the bladder.
Pain in the umbilical region is common in patients suffering from Crohn’s disease .
This disease causes inflammation in the small intestine and large intestine ( colitis ).
The consequences are:
- The thickening of the inner wall,
- The reduction of the intestinal lumen (internal volume of the intestine in which the digested food flows).
This blocks the flow of food.
Crohn’s disease hinders digestion and causes discomfort around the navel area, causing:
The ovarian cysts can cause umbilical pain in women.
The cyst is a pouch containing a fluid.
The ovaries are two organs located on the left or right sides of the navel.
Generally, they do not cause symptoms, but if they become too large they can generate pressure against surrounding structures, causing pain.
The umbilical hernia develops from a weakening of the abdominal muscles that can not support the internal organs.
This causes a protrusion of the intestinal tissues towards the outside (a ball) through the weaker areas of the abdomen and redness .
Infection of the stomach and bowel
The gastroenteritis is a viral disease which causes inflammation of the mucosa of the stomach and intestine.
- Problems of digestion ,
- The patient vomits after consuming food,
The most common pains of this disease are as follows:
- Discomfort around the navel,
- Pains in the stomach .
The gallstones cause pain in the right upper abdominal area.
The pain remains confined around the navel area.
Gallstones consist of crystallized material that gradually forms within the gallbladder .
When calculations leave the gallbladder, they remain trapped in the ducts and can cause sudden pain :
The pain may be intermittent.
In most cases, the pain is constant for a period ranging from 1 to 5 hours.
Generally, the pain occurs after an abundant meal, which is why it is called “postprandial colic.”
The cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder) occurs with the following symptoms other than pain:
- Decreased appetite,
- Fever ,
- Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and mucous membranes).
Treatment includes medications and cholecystectomy that can be performed in laparoscopy.
Some people have navel pain after laparoscopy and the cause of this may be an unsuccessful intervention or scar adhesions.
A pancreatitis causes an inflammation of the pancreas , a gland that produces enzymes for:
- The digestion (amylase, lipase, etc.)
- The use of sugars in cells ( insulin and glucagon ).
Because the organ is located in the back of the stomach, the pain can develop in the umbilical area.
Other symptoms of pancreatitis are as follows:
- Indigestion .
Symptoms occur more severely after eating an abundant meal.
After intense training, you can feel pain around the navel to feel and during movement.
The abdominal muscles get tired during intense, long-lasting exercise or during lifting.
This can cause pain in the abdomen.
Food Poisoning Food
Poisoning occurs when the individual eats food:
- Not properly stored / conserved,
- Prepared in an environment where basic hygiene standards are not respected.
The feeling of abdominal discomfort and vomiting occur a few hours after the meal.
The abdominal pain during pregnancy is common and should not be cause for concern.
However, in some cases it may be caused by:
- Serious diseases,
- An abortion .
With the progress of pregnancy, the uterus increases and causes more pressure on the navel and pain in the belly.
It is normal for a pregnant woman to have lower abdominal pain during the later stages of pregnancy.
pain Round ligament pain is caused by two large ligaments that attach to the uterus and groin.
The growth of the uterus causes a stretching of these ligaments and discomfort.
The woman feels a pain:
- Short duration.
The pain can be felt to the left of the navel, right or on both sides.
It usually starts in the second trimester and is felt mainly during some movements, for example:
- As he rose from his chair,
- Spinning on the bed.
Braxton Hicks Contractions
After half the pregnancy, Braxton Hicks contractions can be felt at the level of the uterus.
Generally they are:
After the 37th week, the contractions may be the birthmark, but they are:
- More than six contractions in an hour.
It is not normal to have colic during pregnancy with severe, persistent pain or accompanied by other symptoms, such as:
Women suffer from severe menstrual cramps before and during menstruation.
According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, at least 50% of women suffer from menstrual cramps before menstruation.
Before the start of the menstrual cycle , the level of prostaglandins increases , that is, unsaturated fatty acids that stimulate the contraction of the muscles of the uterus.
This action promotes the elimination of menstrual blood.
Contractions of the uterus can cause abdominal cramps .
The Endometriosis is a disease in which cells of the inner wall of the uterus (endometrium) grows in other organs in general:
- In the ovaries ,
- In the Fallopian tubes .
Uterine tissue rarely grows in other organs, such as the rectum or bladder .
This can cause pain every month during menstruation or in the previous days.
The remedies to try to relieve the pain can be the following:
- Hot compresses,
- Herbal teas,
It takes a lot of time for healing after a navel piercing, sometimes more than a year. It is important to follow the hygiene instructions carefully.
In case of infection, it can pass into the bloodstream and can become dangerous.
Recognizing the symptoms of an infected piercing is important to perform the proper treatment.
Flatulence and Indigestion
What did I eat yesterday or the day before yesterday? Was it something I could be allergic to or something I did not digest? Is it food from a place with questionable hygiene standards?
These are the questions a person should ask himself when he has these pains after eating.
Food not properly assimilated by the stomach can cause the following disorders:
An antacid product works for this type of pain.
Ulcers can develop as a consequence of the following bad habits:
Another area where you can feel pain is the abdominal area below the navel.
Urinary Tract Infections
The entry of bacteria into the urethra and bladder often causes a urinary tract infection .
This type of infection causes:
- Abdominal pain (below the navel),
- A burning sensation when urinating .
There are other minor symptoms, such as low fever and cloudy urine.
Poor eating habits often cause indigestion and constipation. Most people have already suffered from constipation at least once in their lifetime.
The consequence may be a pain near or below the navel.
Post-curettage pain after an abortion
In the case of abortion and curettage , in subsequent cycles, the woman may have lower abdominal pain that extends to the navel.
It is a disorder that goes by itself with time.
This last section talks about the causes of pain around the navel.
If you practice a sport or activity that involves physical stress, you may develop pain in the abdominal region.
Abdominal strengthening exercises can cause contractures around the navel.
Without proper warm-up before physical activity, stress can cause excessive muscle work and therefore pain.
The appendix causes pain when it is infected.
- Weight loss,
- Loss of appetite,
- Blood in the stool .
The pain behind the navel is a symptom of the following diseases:
- Inflamed appendix,
- Infections of the gallbladder.