Natural Remedies for Vomiting

Vomiting is the forced or involuntary emptying of the contents of the stomach through the mouth. 
The nausea is a stomach discomfort that often occurs before vomiting.

 

Types of vomiting:

  • Food vomit : if the food is rejected, it is yellowish or light brown. For example, it happens to a drunken person, immediately after rejecting the person is better.
  • Aqueous vomiting : it is acidic, with gastric juices.
  • Mucosal vomiting : it is not sour but it is full of mucus and gastric juices.
  • Yellow or green vomit : contains bile, a green liquid produced by the liver.
  • Fecal vomiting : the color is dark brown and the smell is stool. 
    Usually the cause is an intestinal blockage .
  • Red vomiting or hematemesis: contains bright red blood, usually caused by an ulcer or cirrhosis of the liver .
  • Vomit-colored coffee has a color similar to tar because it is digested blood.

 

We talk about incessant vomiting if this symptom is constant and if we reject everything we eat. It is very serious and can cause severe discomfort to the patient.

 

The main causes of vomiting

The main cause is the infection of the stomach by a virus (eg rotavirus). 
The disease starts with vomiting,  diarrhea  usually goes on for 12 to 24 hours.

Food poisoning – the poisoning of toxins produced by bacteria that grow on poorly stored foods (eg, Staphylococcus in the salad) or Bacillus cereus toxin on rice dishes.

The vomiting can also be triggered by a strong cough . This is common, especially in children with reflux .

Pregnancy
pregnancy can cause vomiting . Pregnant women often suffer from nausea and vomiting in the morning.

Migraine
In migraine, vomiting usually begins with an excruciating headache and disappears once migraine. 
The doctor prescribes migraine medications to relieve vomiting.

Appendicitis
The appendix is a medical emergency that can cause vomiting. You also feel a fortissima bellyache and the appendix should be removed.

Labyrinthitis
The labyrinthitis is an infection of the inner ear that causes dizziness and tinnitus . Your doctor may prescribe medications to relieve symptoms, while the immune system fights infection. It may take two weeks to pass.

Congestion
Vomiting may occur in the event of blockage of digestion because of exposure to cold, after entering a tub of cold water, in the sea, or after drinking almost cold drinks.

Self-induced
vomiting Self-induced vomiting is typical of people with eating disorders such as bulimia and anorexia. It is a maneuver in which the patient places “two fingers in the throat” or a toothpick near the epiglottis. This stimulates the opening of the gastroesophageal sphincter and the contraction of the muscle that pushes the food into the mouth.

Other causes

  • Food Allergies
  • Gastroesophageal reflux, left from the contents of the stomach (food or liquid) up,
  • Medications or treatments, for example, cancer treatment with chemotherapy or radiation therapy,
  • Bad sea,
  • Severe pain, for example kidney stones .

Severe Causes of Vomiting

If vomiting persists for more than 24 hours as an isolated symptom (without diarrhea), more serious cases should be considered, for example:

  • Appendicitis,
  • The infection of the kidney,
  • Meningitis,
  • The skull trauma ,
  • Bowel obstruction,
  • Cancer or a tumor,
  • Ulcers on the inner wall of the stomach or small intestine.

 

Symptoms that may suggest a serious underlying disease

1. Vomiting with blood or bile. 
2. Thinning. 
3. Abdominal pain. 
4. High fever , stiff neck, reluctance to look at the light. 
5. Increased weakness / loss of consciousness.

 

Diagnosis

The doctor controls fever, chest and abdomen.

The time when nausea or vomiting appears, may indicate the cause. 
When they appear shortly after a meal, nausea or vomiting may be caused by:

  • Food poisoning,
  • Gastritis (inflammation of the stomach lining),
  • Ulcer,
  • Bulimia.

Nausea or vomiting one to two hours after a meal may also indicate food poisoning. 
However, some disorders, such as Salmonella can cause symptoms after a long time, between 12 and 72 hours.

 

Severity of vomiting
Here is a possible classification of vomiting according to the risk of dehydration:

  • Mild: 1 – 2 times daily,
  • Moderate: 3 – 7 times a day,
  • Severe: Vomit all or almost everything, at least 8 times a day.

At the onset of food poisoning it is common for a child to vomit all for 3 or 4 hours and then to become stable with mild to moderate vomiting. 
Smaller the child, the greater the risk of dehydration.

 

Vomiting in children

Causes of vomiting change based on age. 
In children, it is more frequent in case of:

  • Viral infection,
  • Food poisoning,
  • Allergy to milk,
  • Motion sickness (motion sickness or motion sickness),
  • Indigestion (other foods ingested),
  • Cough,
  • Intestinal obstruction ,
  • High fever

 

What is the best treatment for vomiting?

In most cases, vomiting passes without a treatment. 
In most cases they are caused by a virus and they improve on their own. 
Never take over-the-counter or prescription medicines if they are not prescribed by your pediatrician.

When the baby vomits, he needs to keep him lying on his side as much as possible. 
This minimizes the chances of inhaling vomiting in the airways and lungs.

Attention to Dehydration
When there is continued vomiting, it is necessary to avoid dehydration. Dehydration is a term used when the body loses a lot of water and this deficiency causes problems in the functioning of the organs. 
To prevent this from happening, make sure your child consumes more fluid to restore what has been lost with vomiting.

Changes in the child’s diet
For the first twenty-four hours after the onset of vomiting, do not give solid foods to the child and encourage them to suck on or drink small amounts of electrolyte solution with water and sugar. 
Fluids help prevent dehydration and are less likely to stimulate vomiting. 
Be sure to follow your pediatrician’s directions to give your child liquids.

Guidelines for Oral Rehydration

For children less than 6 months of age
Avoid giving normal water to a newborn unless the doctor indicates a precise amount. 
Your child should drink about 2-3 tablespoons of electrolyte solution every 15-20 minutes. Liquids should also contain sugar. 
Stop with this solution when your child can eat normally because it can irritate the already irritated belly and probably cause more vomiting. 
When the child has at least 8 hours without vomiting, reintroduce the milk if the child can feed. 
If the baby is breastfed and vomits (not just spit but vomits what appears to be all feeding) more than once, breastfeed for 5-10 minutes every two hours. If the child vomits again, contact the doctor.
After 8 hours without vomiting, you may resume breastfeeding as normal. 
If your child is less than 2 months old and vomits all feedings, call your doctor immediately.

For babies from 6 months to 1 year
Avoid giving normal water to a baby under 1 year unless your doctor specifies a quantity directly. 
Give your child small frequent amounts (approximately 3 teaspoons) of an oral electrolyte solution every 15-20 minutes.

It is important that fluids have the correct balance of mineral salts. 
Flavored solutions are available or 5 tablespoons of fruit juice can be added for each feed to give the drink a better taste. 
Gradually increase the amount of solution the child gives if he or she is at least two hours without rejecting. 
We have to try to get the amount consumed normally throughout the day.

When the child is at least 8 hours without vomiting, you can reintroduce milk or food. 
It is possible to start with small amounts of soft foods such as bananas, cereals or lyophilized. 
If these do not give problems, one can pass for broth, soup, mashed potatoes, rice and bread.

For 1-year-old children:
Give clear liquids (milk and dairy products should be avoided) in small amounts ranging from 2 teaspoons to 2 tablespoons or up to 30 milliliters, depending on how the child can tolerate every 15 minutes.

How much fluid should we give the child?

The biggest mistake parents make when their children have diarrhea and vomiting is to give children too much to drink at once. Especially if the child vomits frequently, they should limit liquids to only one teaspoon at a time, using a syringe, spoon or dropper.

It is possible to gradually increase the amount that occurs at all times when the child stops rejecting. 
A good program will include a tablespoon of liquid every five or ten minutes in the first hour or two. 
The amount of fluids to be given depends on how much the baby is dehydrated.

Children with:

  • Minimal or no dehydration should drink about 100 ml for each episode of vomiting or diarrhea if they weigh less than 10 kg while they should drink 200 ml if they weigh more than 10 kg.
  • Mild moderate dehydration with reduced diuresis, dry mouth and lost 3-9 percent of body weight should drink about 25-50 ml of liquid per pound of body weight every 3-4 hours.
  • Severe dehydration, loss of more than 9% of body weight, fast heart rate, deep breathing, dry mouth , deeply sunken eyes, minimal diuresis, and cold extremities ( hands and feet ). We must go to the doctor immediately.

Although many cases of gastroenteritis , diarrhea and vomiting can be treated at home, you need to consult a doctor if you are able to take care of the baby at home, especially if your baby is less than 6 months old, refuses to drink and continues to vomiting frequently, has severe dehydration, fever, mood swings (becomes lethargic or irritable), has bloody diarrhea or if dehydration continues to worsen.

 

What are the home remedies for vomiting?

For vomiting, follow the instructions in the following order: 
1. Do not eat or drink anything for several hours after vomiting. 
2. Drink small amounts of water in 15 minutes for 3-4 hours. 
3. When you can tolerate clear liquids for several hours without vomiting and hunger, try to eat small amounts of soft foods. Try foods such as bananas, rice, apple, dry bread (these are called BRAT diet foods) and carrots. For 24-48 hours after the last episode of vomiting, avoid foods that may irritate or may be difficult to swallow: alcohol, caffeine , fats / oils, spicy foods, and dairy products. 
4. When you tolerate a light diet, you can resume your diet normal. 
Who vomits after takingContraceptive pill , use another contraceptive method for the rest of the month.

It is important to rest the stomach and prevent dehydration. 
Clear liquids should be taken within the first 24 hours and then restored to the normal diet if you can tolerate it. 
Clear liquids are easy to absorb into the stomach, for example:

  • Water
  • Sports drinks
  • Clear wines

Dairy products should be avoided within the first 24-48 hours of an episode of nausea and vomiting. The enzyme that helps digest milk can be found in cells lining the stomach. With vomiting, the body may become relatively lactose intolerant. 
It is possible to feel abdominal pains, bloated stomach, vomiting and diarrhea. When the person starts to feel better, they can start eating, but at first have to follow the diet with light foods such as bananas, apples, rice, toast (the BRAT diet).

 

What is the treatment for viral gastroenteritis?

Most cases of viral gastroenteritis resolve over time without treatment. The antibiotics are not effective against viral infections. 
Medicines such as Loperamide (Imosec) and those requiring a prescription such as metoclopramide hydrochloride monohydrate (Plasil) may relieve symptoms in adults. 
These medicines are not recommended for children.

Eating, Dieting, and Eating
These steps can help alleviate the symptoms of viral gastroenteritis in adults:

  • Drinking plenty of liquids, such as fruit juices, caffeinated beverages and broths to replace fluids and electrolytes,
  • Take small amounts of clear liquids or suck ice,
  • Gradually reintroduce soft and easily digestible foods,
  • Avoid fatty foods, sugary foods, dairy products, caffeine and alcohol, until complete recovery.

Children run the risk of dehydration more quickly because of diarrhea and vomiting because the body is small. 
Elderly and adults with weak immune systems should drink rehydrating solutions to prevent dehydration.

 

Natural Remedies for Vomiting in Adults

1.  Ginger
Ginger is an excellent remedy for the digestive system and works as a natural anti-emetic (vomiting). 
Mix one teaspoon of ginger juice with lemon juice, drink several times a day. 
Alternatively, prepare a cup of ginger tea with a little honey or eat a few slices of fresh ginger with or without honey.

2. Cinnamon
Cinnamon helps to reduce nausea and vomiting caused by digestive problems. 
1. In a glass of boiling water, add a teaspoon of cinnamon powder. 
2. Infuse for a few minutes and then filter the water. 
3. Optionally add a tablespoon of honey. 
4. Drink slowly.

3.  Mint Mint
tea can relieve vomiting. 
Add one tablespoon of dried mint leaves in a glass of hot water. 
Let it infuse for 5 to 10 minutes. Filter and drink this tea. 
You can just chew the mint leaves.

4. Apple 
cider vinegar Apple cider vinegar can alleviate nausea and promotes food detoxification because of its antimicrobial properties. 
Mix one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar and one tablespoon of honey in a glass of water. 
Drink and repeat if necessary.

5. Drink Lemon Juice Lemon
juice contains all the necessary vitamins and minerals that can stop vomiting.

 

How can we prevent vomiting?

Hygiene and handwashing helps prevent the spread of the virus. 
Hygiene in the kitchen minimizes the risk of food poisoning. 
Avoid excessive alcohol consumption. 
People who suffer from migraines may be able to identify triggers and may try to avoid some foods like cheese.

 

What is the prognosis? How long it takes?

This depends on the underlying cause, but the prognosis is good. 
People who regularly vomit because of alcohol should deal with the addiction. 
Most nausea and vomiting are caused by viral infection of short duration, do not need a special treatment and should improve within a week.

Read too