Refractive surgery for myopia (LASIK and LASEK)
This therapy is used to correct myopia by changing the corneal curvature of the eye.
The different methods of refractive surgery are:
LASIK (laser in situ keratomileusis)
The LASIK procedure is an operation in which an ophthalmologist makes a round and fine incision that extends over part of the cornea.
The eye surgeon now removes the middle layers of the cornea to flatten the curvature.
This type of procedure is also performed with astigmatism or farsightedness.
The surgeon lifts a corneal flap from the epithelium. The surgeon uses a laser to shape the outer layers of the cornea and flatten the curvature, after which the epithelial strip is reapplied.
In order to promote healing, a contact lens must be worn for a few days after the procedure.
Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK)
This procedure is similar to LASEK, but the surgeon removes the corneal epithelium.
This forms naturally again and adapts to the corneal shape. After PRK, a protective contact lens must be worn for 3-4 days.
Intraocular lenses (IOL)
These lenses are surgically implanted into the eye before the natural lens.
This surgery may be suitable for people with moderate or severe myopia.
The IOL implants are not currently considered as a traditional method of treatment.
All operations involve a certain amount of risk.
Possible complications of these eye surgeries include:
- corneal scars,
- blurred vision in the distance,
- loss of vision,
- visual image errors (for example, halos around light sources at night).
Testimonial of a patient who underwent PRK surgery
Patient with severe myopia (intervention in 2006) A few days before the operation,
clinical examinations are performed:
- Examination of the fundus after eye drops
- Pachimetry to measure corneal thickness
If you wear contact lenses, you must refrain from using them a few weeks before.
I didn’t have to stop taking any medication because I hadn’t taken any.
On the day of the operation, I was not allowed to use perfumes and should stay fast.
Morning of surgery
The duration of the procedure is very short, before an anesthetic is administered and it had to work, the total duration was half an hour.
I was only in the operating room for 10 minutes.
Previously, the heartbeat was monitored via an apparatus that was attached to the finger. In addition, an eyelid holder was created.
Eye drops were administered, then waited to give eye drops again after a few minutes. This was done about 3 times.
Then we went into a room with a bed like at the dentist’s, and I had to lie down.
The doctor held my head in his hands and a technician operated the laser.
I had to look into a red light that wasn’t moving, but I felt like it was moving.
When I looked away, the laser stopped.
In the first part of the operation I felt severe pain, the doctor scratches the cornea and this is painful.
Then the work with the laser began, which took about 1-2 minutes.
After that, the doctor put on a protective lens, which I had to wear for about a week and which made good vision impossible because it collects tears, eye drops and killed epithelial cells.
The pain was severe, but treatment was carried out with drops of an anesthetic and for disinfection. I also had to take antibiotics and painkillers.
After the procedure
The postoperative pain lasted for a day. He was strong, it feels like a foreign body in the eye and the flow of tears is stimulated.
You are not allowed to shower or wash your hair after surgery because chlorine is a wound-healing substance that, if it gets into the eye, can become a problem.
In the clinic where I was operated, both eyes are not operated on at the same time.
The second procedure did not end well, I had to wait months before I could go back to work.
Anisometry occurred, meaning one eye saw very well (10/10), but the other deteriorated.
There was a visual divergence that could not be corrected.
There are no glasses that can fix the problem.
After 6 months, the eye on which the operation had failed was operated again.
After the third procedure, it took 7-10 days before I could return to work.
I would definitely have it done again, but in a different clinic and with newer procedures.
The effect of the procedure lasted for a few months, but I had a very pronounced myopia and thus could not achieve the result 10/10.
After a year I had to correct with glasses, but I had improved from 3/10 to 7.5/10.
Side effects of the procedure
For a short time after the procedure, I became farsighted.
Another effect related to the procedure is severe eye dryness. I therefore tolerate contact lenses poorly. In addition, the dryness also occurs at night, in the morning I can not open my eyes and when I open them, I felt severe pain.
The doctor prescribed me a gel against this side effect, but this does not bring good results.
There is a trick to open the glued eyes in the morning. It consists of turning the eyes to one side, which makes them easier to open.
Night vision is a problem, in my case I had already dilated the pupils before the procedure. In the evening I had difficulty estimating the distance of illuminated objects.
I can’t judge on the road at what distance the car in front of me really is. If there is a pedestrian between me and the other car, I don’t see him.
Results of surgery for myopia
As a rule, the results of the three procedures are good.
Even if myopia cannot always be completely remedied, 9 out of 10 people experience a significant improvement in their vision.
Who should not have laser surgery for myopia?
Patients younger than 21 years of age should not undergo refractive surgery because their vision has yet to stabilize and it would be dangerous to change the structures of the eye at this stage.
The ophthalmologist should check the prescription of contact lenses or glasses to confirm that visual acuity has not changed significantly in the last two years.
Laser surgery may also be unsuitable in the following cases:
- Diabetes – this can lead to eye abnormalities that can worsen with surgery.
- Pregnancy or lactation – the body produces hormones that cause minor fluctuations in vision and can change focus to make surgery too difficult.
- Diseases that affect the immune system, such as HIV or rheumatoid arthritis, can affect the ability to heal after laser surgery.
- Other eye conditions, such as glaucoma (a condition that can lead to blindness) or cataracts (in which the lens hardens or clouds).
Natural remedies for myopia
Diet and nutrition
According to natural hygiene, eye diseases are caused by toxicia (accumulation of toxins in the body and blood).
If the patient changes his diet and lifestyle, he can greatly improve his vision until it returns to normality.
A vegan diet based on raw food is recommended.
Due to Shelton’s experience in his fasting clinic, there are people who have been able to fully and permanently regain their vision after a fasting cure.
Bates method for the treatment of myopia
Doctor Bates, a New York ophthalmologist, has made great strides in eye research.
He has discovered that most eye diseases could be cured permanently.
How did Doctor Bates make this discovery?
He found that relaxed eyes have perfect vision.
However, when the eyes become tense and tired, problems arise.
Through his research, Doctor Bates has found that regular eye training normalizes vision.
This happens because muscle tension decreases and vision returns to normal.
Doctor Bates has performed tests on thousands of his patients and achieved surprising results.
There are many different exercises for the eyes that can be done
Here are just a few of them:
- Relax the eye muscles in a targeted manner.
Then move the eyes from side to side and from top to bottom.
Repeat 6 times.
- sit on a chair; rub your hands together until warm.
Now close your eyes and cover with your warm palms.
Do not press on the eyes and do not cover the nose.
It is important that no light rays enter the eye through the finger gaps.
Perform this exercise for 3 minutes.
- For 15 seconds, an object at a distance of about 40 m Then slowly orient the eyes again to a nearby object at a distance
of about 10 m.
This exercise should be performed only by the eyes, without moving the head.
Repeat 5 times.
- Close your eyes forcefully for 5 seconds. Then keep open for 5 seconds.
Repeat this exercise about 8 times.
- Warm envelopes: Immerse a cotton cloth or small towel in hot water. Wring out and lay loosely on your eyes. This significantly relaxes the eye muscles. Eyelid massage: Close your eyes and perform a very light massage with circular movements over 1-2 minutes.
To improve eyesight, it is necessary to perform this type of exercises regularly.
Vision school according to the method of De Angelis
The De Angelis method is also known as Power Vision. It is based on special exercises that act on the cause of myopia.
According to De Angelis, myopia is caused by prolonged overaccommodation. This is an adaptive mechanism that occurs when the eye often works at close range and thus loses sharp vision in the distance.
The movements performed are aimed at relaxing the eye muscles and avoiding stress caused by overaccommodation of the ciliary muscle.