Symptoms of lupus: how does autoimmune disease affect the body?

The Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation in the skin, joints, eyes, kidneys, brain, heart and lungs.

There are several symptoms. They are manifested at different levels and not always the same in all diagnosed patients.

In addition, in some cases, it can take a long time between the appearance of one symptom and another. For other people, the symptoms can arise as major complications and even be lethal.

Some symptoms are considered more general, and are also common in other diseases, which makes it difficult to diagnose lupus quickly and accurately.


Most common symptoms

  • Skin spots (usually on the face, neck, neck and arms);
  • Fever;
  • Weight loss;
  • Lack of appetite;
  • Itches;
  • Discouragement;
  • Weakness;
  • Loss of hair;
  • Joint pain;
  • Inflammation in the kidneys;
  • Inflammation of the pleura and pericardium (membrane that lines the lung and heart);
  • Mouth sores;
  • Headaches;
  • Difficulty breathing;
  • Photosensitivity;
  • Poor circulation in the hands and feet.

Less frequent symptoms

  • Convulsions;
  • Anemia;
  • Dizziness;
  • Emergence of tongues or lymph nodes (“lumps”, common in the region of the armpit, neck and groin)

Neuropsychiatric disorders

Neuropsychiatric disorders are more rare manifestations in people who have lupus. They can be the cause of seizures , one of the symptoms present in more severe cases. In addition, changes in mood, depression and anxiety may be present as aggravating factors.

When the lesions caused by the disease affect the internal organs, problems such as arrhythmia – when the heart has abnormal beats – can arise. In addition, problems in the digestive system, such as vomiting, nausea and discomfort in the abdomen region, can also be symptoms, although not as frequent.