In addition to malaise and morning sickness, some pregnant women may lose their appetite. 
This is normal and not a cause for concern.


Causes of loss of appetite during pregnancy

  • Inappetence occurs mainly because of  nausea . 
    The feeling of morning sickness reduces the desire to eat. 
    In addition, vomiting can make it much harder to gain weight or maintain a healthy weight.
  • There is a general deceleration of the digestive tract during the second trimester. 
    The deceleration is due to the pressure exerted by the uterus on the lower part of the intestine. 
    This leads to decreased appetite and  constipation during pregnancy .
  • Pregnancy brings a lot of physical, mental, emotional and hormonal stress
    This may be one of the reasons for loss of appetite in a pregnant woman.
  • Another factor that influences loss of appetite during the first trimester is the increase in progesterone level . 
    This hormone slows down the entire digestion process . 
    The greater absorption of water by the colon also slows the digestion process.
  • During pregnancy the doctor may prescribe the iron intake that causes constipation in the expectant mother.
  • Many women suffer from flatulence  or air in the belly due to deceleration of the digestive tract. 
    Intestinal gases can expand the stomach and give a feeling of fullness.
  • In addition, the upper sphincter of the stomach relaxes during pregnancy. 
    This often causes heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux in the second and third trimesters. 
    Since eating often aggravates heartburn, women may not feel like eating to avoid the symptoms.

It should not be forgotten that a pregnant woman may have the same disorders in the stomach of a normal adult, for example:

Lack of appetite in the third trimester of pregnancy

Many women say they have much less appetite in the last months of pregnancy. 
One reason is the pressure that the fetus exerts on the abdomen . 
There is simply less space for food . 
The best way to combat lack of appetite is to eat something, even a small snack, every 3-4 hours. 
During the meal one should not drink:

  • Water,
  • Fruit juice.

The liquid fills the stomach quickly leaving less room for solid foods.


Natural Remedies for Loss of Appetite During Pregnancy

Some simple measures can help overcome the loss of appetite during pregnancy. 
These remedies can effectively increase the desire to eat and may be beneficial to both mother and child.

    • If the woman has a loss of appetite in the first trimester of pregnancy, she should eat smaller meals . 
      When you start eating small meals throughout the day, the stomach stays full and the nausea is reduced.
    • You should not force yourself to eat in the morning. It is possible to eat a little later during the day, especially drinks and healthy foods to compensate for the loss of nutrients in the morning.
    • Pregnant women should drink 8-10 glasses of water every day to compensate for the increased absorption of water by the stool that causes constipation in the second trimester of pregnancy.
    • It is necessary to eat green leafy vegetables and foods high in fiber .
    • Pregnant women should avoid fatty meals  or foods that are difficult to digest and reduce appetite.
    • Pregnant women are advised to eat 5 to 7 small meals throughout the day rather than the 2 main meals. The same regimen should be continued if it is necessary to cope with loss of appetite during the last month of pregnancy.
    • If the woman continues to lack appetite and is unable to ingest the necessary nutrients, she should seek immediate medical attention. The weight loss and  dehydration caused by lack of appetite are very dangerous for the mother and the fetus.
    • Against nausea and vomiting in the first trimester, the doctor can advise the BRAT diet to pregnant women. In the BRAT diet there are:
      • Bananas,
      • Rice,
      • Apple sauce,
      • Toast. 
        These foods provide the proper nutrients and do not irritate the stomach. Rarely does the smell of these foods cause nausea.
  • Pregnant women should avoid:
    • Spicy foods,
    • Eggs,
    • Fish.

These foods trigger the loss of appetite and nausea during pregnancy.



Lack of appetite in adults and the elderly

The causes of loss of appetite in adults or the elderly concern mainly:

  • To administer medications,
  • Oncological diseases.

Some medicines like Zoloft (sertraline) to treat depression or Amoxil ( amoxicillin antibiotic ) may cause a temporary loss of appetite.


Oncologic causes of loss of appetite

Inappetence in a person with cancer has many causes. 
Certain types of cancer can cause a loss of appetite, such as:

Usually these diseases affect a person’s metabolism (the body process that breaks down food and turns it into energy).

Advanced cancer (which can not be treated). 
Among the causes of loss of appetite in cases of malignant tumor in the fourth stage are:

  • Some tumors can cause an increase in spleen size. Spleen enlargement (splenomegaly) can push the stomach creating a feeling of fullness.
  • The ascites (accumulation of fluid in the abdomen) can create a feeling of fullness even after eating a small amount of food.
  • Medications, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and sedatives (medicines that cause feelings of calm or drowsiness ).
  • Radiation therapy or surgery in any part of the gastrointestinal organs, such as the stomach or intestine.

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