What is acetone in children?
Acetone in children (also called ketosis or ketoacidosis) is a disorder that manifests itself when glucose stores are finished and the body begins to burn fat.
Acetone occurs naturally in small amounts during normal metabolic processes and is eliminated from the body through respiration.
The body naturally increases acetone levels in situations where the energy requirement is greater, such as:
- In pregnant women;
- In newborns, even if they feed on breast milk;
- In mothers during lactation;
- In children up to 12 years old, but especially in children from 2 to 10 years of age.
The body produces acetone when it burns fats, so more acetone is produced with a low carbohydrate diet.
Production of acetone and ketone bodies
When the sugar reserves in the blood are finished, the liver produces energy through the oxidation (chemical rationing) of the fatty acids.
This process produces ketone bodies:
- Acetoacetic acid;
- Betahydroxybutyric acid;
The first two enter the bloodstream and are used to produce energy in certain organs, for example:
The brain can only use glucose and ketone bodies as a source of energy.
When ketone bodies accumulate in the blood, they are eliminated through urine.
Acetone is eliminated through respiration.
Ketosis occurs when:
- The production of ketone bodies is excessive;
- The body can not eliminate these substances.
Ketosis in diabetic children
The type 1 diabetes (or juvenile) also affects children and is characterized by a very low level of insulin in the blood.
Under these circumstances, cells use stored fats as an energy source.
The combustion of fats causes an excessive amount of acetone, which gives rise to ketosis in diabetic children.
Causes of acetone in children
- The metabolic diseases such as diabetes mellitus ( type 1 and type 2 ) can cause ketoacidosis;
- In cases of extreme hunger , carbohydrates stored in the body are depleted and the body begins to convert fats into ketones.
If the child does not feel like eating because he is sick or consumes too many calories because he has a fever, the body uses the fats for the necessary energy.
Other causes of ketosis:
- pregnancy ;
- Liver diseases;
- Intense and prolonged efforts;
- Intoxication by ethyl alcohol or salicylates.
After having ruled out the diseases, if the child suffers from acetonemia it means that the feeding is not adequate.
Today we are talking about a ketogenic diet to refer to a hyper-prosthetic diet that allows you to lose weight quickly.
If the child often suffers from continuous ketosis, this means that he ingests too many proteins, especially, refers to an excess of:
- Dairy products.
Symptoms of acetone in children
Ketosis is a common disorder in children.
A mild ketosis produces the following symptoms:
- Breath with fruity smell;
- Threw up;
- Headache ;
- Tiredness when speaking;
- drowsiness ;
- Dry and bitter mouth ;
- White tongue .
The (rare) symptoms of a severe ketosis can be:
- Alterations of the conscience;
- Deep stun
Signs of diabetic ketoacidosis – immediate treatment is required
- Belly pain , sometimes also acute
- Abdominal cramps
- Bad breath with the smell of fruits, wine or acetone
- Tiredness or lethargy
- Nausea and vomiting
- Tired breathing , longing or agitated breathing
- Stunning, loss of consciousness
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
Diagnosis of ketosis
Ketosis manifests a symptom that facilitates diagnosis: the patient’s breath smells of ripe fruit due to the ketones present in the blood.
To develop a diagnosis, doctors look for high levels of acetone and ketones in the blood, and then evaluate the physical symptoms.
The tests to diagnose acetone are:
- Urine test to detect ketones (under normal conditions, there are no ketones in the urine);
- Blood tests to determine the level of ketones in the blood;
Treatment for non-diabetic ketosis
The treatment for acetone in children consists of:
- Hydration to recover liquids that have been lost due to vomiting;
- Feeding with foods rich in glucose to prevent the production of more acetone.
There are differences of opinion regarding the use of antacids such as:
- Fruit salt Eno.
Treatment for diabetic ketoacidosis
If a diabetic ketoacidosis is diagnosed, the child can be treated in the emergency room or admitted to the hospital.
Normally, the treatment provides three solutions:
Replace fluids (rehydration) Fluids
are introduced into the body orally or intravenously to rehydrate the patient.
Fluids replace the percentage of body fluid that has been lost through excessive urination and, in addition, help dilute the high concentration of ketones in the blood.
Electrolytes are minerals that have an electrical charge, such as:
The absence of insulin can decrease the level of electrolytes in the blood.
Thanks to the intravenous electrolyte replacement, the heart, muscles and nerve cells can function correctly.
Insulin solves the problem of diabetic ketoacidosis.
To increase the level of these hormones in the blood, the doctor must inject insulin in addition to administering fluids and electrolytes.
When the glucose level is below 240 mg / dl, you can:
- Stop the intravenous insulin treatment;
- Restart insulin treatment subcutaneously.
When the composition of the blood returns to normal, the doctor must understand what has been the triggering factor of diabetic ketoacidosis.
Depending on the circumstances, another treatment may be required, for example:
- If the diabetes has not yet been diagnosed, the doctor will devise the most appropriate treatment for diabetes;
- If the doctor suspects a bacterial infection , he will prescribe antibiotics ;
- If the cause of ketosis is a heart attack, the doctor may advise testing the heart.
Natural remedies for non-diabetic ketosis
If the child has acetone due to the absence of sugar in the blood, he should drink liquids with simple sugars of rapid absorption.
For example, a fruit juice.
How long does acetone last in children?
Generally, if the cause of the excessive production of acetone is not a disease, the symptoms disappear after 2 or 3 days thanks to an adequate diet.
Prevention of diabetic ketosis
In case of diabetes or other metabolic disease, the doctor’s instructions should be followed as regards:
- The drugs;
- The lifestyle.
If changes in symptoms are perceived, you should go to the doctor to know what to do.
In this way, the amount of acetone of internal origin is kept under control.
What can children eat with acetone?
Children and babies with type 1 diabetes should follow adequate nutrition, limiting the consumption of food with sugar that can increase blood glucose.
The calories belonging to carbohydrates should represent approximately 40-60% and it is important not to exceed this level.
Among the foods allowed by the doctor are whole products (pasta, rice or bread) instead of refined farinaceous because, in this way, the peaks of glucose in the blood are avoided.
Legumes have a lower glycemic index with respect to cereals, therefore, they are more suitable for diabetics.
Diet and diet
To solve the problem of ketosis in children and adults, conventional medicine recommends eating a balanced diet.
It is recommended to reduce the consumption of fatty foods, such as:
- Whole milk;
- Fried foods;
- Delicatessen products.
According to Lezaeta’s natural medicine and hygienism , this disease is caused by the excess of:
- Animal proteins (fish meat, dairy products and eggs);
- Processed products and preservatives;
- Cooking of food.
Therefore, acetone in children is eliminated thanks to a diet based on:
- Seasonal fruit;
- Shell fruit.
Tags; Ketosis, acetone in children, symptoms, urine, breath, fever, solutions, 1 year