Prognosis of peritonitis

The prognosis of peritonitis depends on the cause.
The outlook for people with secondary peritonitis is worse, especially for the elderly, people with a weakened immune system and those who have symptoms for more than 48 hours before starting treatment.
The long-term prognosis for people with primary peritonitis, due to liver disease, also tends to be short. However, the prognosis of primary peritonitis among children is generally very good after treatment with antibiotics.


Prevention of peritonitis

Although peritonitis can be a complication of peritoneal dialysis, it is much less common if the state-of-the-art technology and self-treatment techniques taught during initial training are used.
If peritoneal dialysis is performed, the risk of peritonitis can be reduced by following these tips:

  • Wash hands thoroughly, including the areas between the fingers and under the nails before touching the catheter.
  • Use a nose / mouth mask during dialysis.
  • Follow the correct technique of sterile dialysis.
  • Apply an antibiotic cream at the point where the catheter comes out every day.
  • Immediately report any contamination of dialysis fluid or catheter to nurses doing peritoneal dialysis. In many cases, a single dose of antibiotics can prevent the transformation of contamination into infection.