Why is the stool usually colored brown?
When the red blood cells die, the hemoglobin is broken down into:
- Globin (protein),
The degradation of the heme produces biliverdin, a green pigment that is quickly converted into the orange bilirubin.
In the liver, bilirubin enters the bile.
The bile is an aqueous solution that is formed in the liver and serves the digestion of fat.
It consists of:
- bile salts,
Then the bile passes through the gallbladder and reaches the intestine, where the bilirubin is converted into various pigments.
The main pigments are sterkobilin, which is responsible for the color of feces, and urobilinogen, which enters the bloodstream.
Causes of dark green stools
Green stools can develop when the intestine is passed faster than usual and the bile can not be split in time.
For this reason, with diarrhea, the output of green stools is normal.
Any disorder that provokes diarrhea can also lead to green stools.
A greenish stool color can be an expression of dietary change, stress or diseases.
There is no need to worry if a green discoloration occurs, but if it becomes chronic, a doctor should be consulted.
Here are some causes of green stools:
Foods containing chlorophyll can cause green stools.
But you have to take larger amounts of it so that the faeces color changes.
Foods that may be responsible for a green stool color include:
- Vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli, spinach and salad.
- Foods that contain food coloring, such as candy, water ice, and sorbets.
Blueberries and blackberries do not cause green fecal coloration, as is commonly assumed, but possibly a black one.
Even foods high in iron, such as red meat and beans, can lead to dark green stools.
and vitamin supplements There are vitamin supplements and medications that cause green stool coloration.
Stool color may change with regular intake of:
- chlorophyll-containing drugs,
- food supplements or medicinal products containing sorbitol and fructose,
- Vitamins and iron supplements.
Medications for colon cleansing and laxatives contain high levels of wheat bran and fiber. If both are taken, the stool may turn green.
When cleaning the colon, discoloration of feces is quite normal, but if blood is noticed in the stool, it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor.
Other medications that cause green stools include:
- indomethacin, a medicine from the group of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs,
- Medroxyprogesterone (Depo-Provera, Depo-Clinovir), a synthetic progestin.
3. Salmonella Salmonella causes salmonella
enteritis – a disease of the digestive system that can cause diarrhea and dark green stools.
This infection can result from eating contaminated food, especially raw eggs and meat.
Fortunately, a salmonella infection disappears after a few days and the stool returns to its normal brown color.
4. Diarrhoea Diarrhoea
attacks can occur as a result of:
- Food poisoning
- Intestinal flu.
With diarrhea, digestion is greatly accelerated, so there is not enough time to convert bilirubin into its natural derivatives.
If the disease is caused by bacteria, the doctor may prescribe an antibiotic.
5. Gastrointestinal diseases Some diseases
prevent the adequate absorption of bile salts in the intestine:
- irritable bowel syndrome,
- ulcerative colitis,
- Crohn’s disease.
The bile is excreted with the feces, giving it a greenish color.
Even if stress has no direct effect, it can cause dark green stools, because stressed people have faster digestion.
When the stress subsides, the body returns to normal, this also applies to the stool color.
7. Food poisoning
Eating food contaminated by bacteria can lead to food poisoning.
In most cases, food and waste products are quickly excreted from the body, sometimes as early as a few hours after eating.
In this case, the stool is colored light or dark green. In addition, if fever or convulsions occur, a doctor must be consulted immediately.
Other causes of green stools
- Artificial, hydrolyzed milk (in children with lactose intolerance);
- Imbalance of the intestinal flora in bottle children.
Can constipation cause green stools?
Constipation, although rare, can lead to the formation of green stools.
Green feces are the result of gallean particles in the stool.
The intensity depends on what was eaten last and how the body digested the food.
Green diarrhea in pregnancy
In most cases, green diarrhea in pregnancy is harmless and nothing to worry about.
The main cause of this is the consumption of a lot of green vegetables.
Green vegetables contain chlorophyll, which may be responsible for green stool coloration.
Algae (e.g. spirulina and chlorella) can also cause green stools.
However, eating can only cause a change in color of the stool, but not a liquid or mushy consistency.
Green diarrhea in pregnancy can be provoked by individual factors and certain foods in combination with chlorophyll-rich foods.
Foods that contain dyes, such as water ice and candy, can change stool color.
Iron supplements can cause green diarrhea because they often have a laxative effect.
If pregnant women eat a lot, this can promote the formation of loose and watery stools, those who are rather little (especially few fats) usually suffer from constipation.
Is green chair cause for concern?
In the case of a single occurrence, a green stool discoloration is harmless, because it is probably caused by certain foods that have been consumed during the day. If the green color persists, harmful bacteria and parasites that populate the gut may be the cause.
If it often comes to green stools, this could indicate diseases.
Smell of the chair
- With digested blood in the Stuhl, a foul smell usually occurs.
- Very fatty feces smell particularly sour.
Other causes of a foul-smelling stool include:
- especially sugary and protein meals.
There are various diseases that can provoke yellow stools.
One should consult a doctor or have a stool sample examined in a laboratory.
Laboratory analysis can be used to determine whether diseases are present, such as:
- Virus, bacterial or parasite infection.
The doctor must examine the consistency, color, smell and shape of the stool, as well as check the presence of blood.
Causes of yellow stools
1. Bile salts The stool can acquire a yellow color due to the absence of bile salts
. Possible reasons for this:
- Liver disease, such as cirrhosis or hepatitis
- Tumors of the gallbladder, pancreas or liver
- Sclerosing cholangitis
- Gall stones
- Biliary cirrhosis
- Ball bladder atresia
- Gall stenosis
A blockage that prevents the transport of bile salts into the intestines can cause the stool to change color.
This can be caused by inflammation, external pressure or gallstones.
In this case, the following may occur:
- yellow discoloration of skin and eyes (jaundice),
The pancreas produces enzymes and other substances that serve to digest fat. If the stool is yellow and floats on water or has an oily appearance, the fat of the food has not been fully digested.
The possible cause is:
- cystic fibroidosis,
- disease of the pancreas,
- carcinoma of the pancreas,
- congenital disorder in lipase formation.
Intestinal intestinal parasites such as giardia are found in polluted water and may be responsible for yellow stools.
4. Gluten intolerance (celiac disease)
Gluten intolerance or celiac disease is a genetic disorder in which the ability to digest gluten correctly is limited due to intestinal problems.
This disease leads to:
- intestinal irregularities,
- altered stool.
5. Fatty stool (steatorrhea)
This disease leads to an increased fat content in the stool; the result is a yellowish stool coloration.
This disorder can occur in people with:
- gluten intolerance,
- inflammation of the pancreas or pancreatitis,
- Crohn’s disease.
Is yellow stools questionable?
Yellow bowel movements may indicate a disease if it occurs frequently and has accompanying symptoms, such as:
How does the stool color return to normal?
If there is no pain or other symptoms, one can simply wait for the stool to return to normal.
Avoiding sweetened foods and foods that contain a lot of artificial color reduces the frequency of green stools.
This renunciation also has positive effects on the entire body.
Stool discoloration is usually harmless unless it persists for a long period of time. If pain and discomfort occur, the doctor must help solve the root cause of the problem.
What causes light green baby chair?
In the first two or three days of their lives, newborns excrete a dark green stool called infant fat or meconium. Breastfeeding children often have a yellow-greenish stool.
For older children and adults, green stool coloring is nothing to worry about.
Light green and mustard yellow stools are common in babies as long as they are breastfed.
The stool of bottle children is firmer and less yellow.
In rare cases, this is a sign that the child is not consuming enough necessary nutrients.
Or a virus may be to blame.
If the green stool coloration lasts longer, a pediatrician should be consulted.
Natural remedies for green stools
What can be done to bring bowel movements back to normal?
If diseases are excluded, the stool can be regulated by a change in diet.
To slow down digestion, it is recommended to consume more fiber.
- fresh fruit,
- Beans and legumes.
To avoid are:
- processed foods,
- fat food,
- stomach-irritating foods.
- Mucus in the stool
- Hard stools and feces: causes and symptoms
- Diarrhea forms and classification according to duration