Frequent urination in men

The need to urinate often is more prevalent among the elderly. 
However, it can not be attributed solely to age.

Some people believe that they do the body well or make them slimmer, but in fact they do not.


Causes of frequent urination in men

The frequent need to urinate may be a symptom of various diseases. 
Here are some diseases that in men may be responsible for this urinary problem.

Urinary Tract Infection: Frequent urination is a frequent symptom of urinary tract infections that occur due to an invasion of bacteria in the urinary tract. 
Infections caused by bacteria such as Escherichia coli cause tissue damage and may also spread to:

  • Urethra ,
  • bladder ,
  • Kidneys .

Diabetes: A urge to urinate more than normal during the day may be an early sign of type 1 or type 2 diabetes . 
Due to the increase  in blood glucose , the body tries to get rid of glucose through the urine and sometimes in men the consequence may be dehydration .

Prostate problems: Another cause in men is enlarged prostate or benign prostatic hyperplasia. 
The enlarged prostate presses against the urethra (the channel that carries the urine out of the body) and blocks the flow of urine. 
To resolve this problem, the bladder wall muscle (detrusor) contracts even if there is a small amount of urine inside the bladder . 
The consequence is the need to urinate many times, every two hours or every hour. 
When the man goes to the bathroom little urine.

Interstitial cystitis: the interstitial cystitis (IC) is a painful disease that occurs due to inflammation of the tissues of the bladder wall. 
Characterized by pain or discomfort in the pelvic region and bladder, this condition usually includes symptoms as an urgent or frequent urge to urinate.

Diuretic medications : Medications prescribed for people suffering from hypertensionor fluid retention help remove excess fluid from the body, thus contributing to increased urination. 
They are usually given in the morning or during lunch to prevent the person having to get up often at night to go to the bathroom.

Neurological diseases:  the stroke or other neurological diseases that can damage the nerves present in the bladder can cause problems with the function of this organ, including frequent needs, painful urination and sudden.

Radiotherapy : Radiotherapy  around the bladder area for bladder cancer therapy may weaken the wall of this organ. 
The effect is such that it takes a year for the evacuation to return to normal.

Other causes: may predispose to this urinary disorder such pathologies as:

  • Bladder dysfunction,
  • Overactive Bladder,
  • Alcohol ,
  • Other drinks that contain caffeine.



Causes of frequent urination in women

Hormonal changes : Pregnancy and menopause  can increase the frequency of urination because they affect the capacity of bladder expansion. 

Multiple pregnancy: In women, another cause of frequent urination is multiple pregnancy. 
This is due to the extra pressure on the bladder caused by uterine growth.

Urinary Tract Infection: In women, one of the common health problems is urinary tract infection, which is a cause of frequent urination. 
It is advisable to urinate after intercourse to prevent cystitis which may extend to other organs of the urinary tract.

Interstitial cystitis: Another problem is interstitial cystitis which can cause frequent urination in women. 
During the menstrual cycle and times of stress, the symptoms worsen. 
A woman should often go to the bathroom, even if she drinks little.

Diabetes: a common disease in both sexes, diabetes can also cause an increase in frequency of urination. 
This symptom is present in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes and is due to increased glucose levels. 
The body tries to expel unused glucose into the blood through the urine.

Bladder cancer: Frequent urination can be a symptom of bladder cancer that can also cause:

In addition to the causes mentioned above, there are several diseases and factors related to lifestyle that can cause this problem. 
The following is a list of these diseases:

Women generally reduce their water intake and hold the urine for long periods in order to avoid urination because of problems related to hygiene and other reasons. 
Over time, this can cause problems like infections and associated symptoms, such as frequent urination.

Anxiety and Emotional Tension
Worries and anxiety can cause the urge to urinate often. 
In addition to this symptom, the woman may also have frequent diarrhea .


Need to urinate frequently in children

Stress and anxiety
Frequent urination in children can be the consequence of emotionality. 
If the child is under pressure, he may often have the urge to go to the bathroom.

Behavioral Causes: Frequent urination may also be the result of some behavioral reasons. 
Many boys and girls drink lots of water and this can cause frequent and abundant urination. 
In children 3-4 years of age, it is common to be fascinated by urination and the need to sit still and urinate often. 
This is a peculiarity of behavior and in about 6 months the habit ceases. 
Many children also learn a clever way to avoid classes by going to the bathroom and drinking water immediately afterwards; so after about an hour they should go back to the bathroom. 
Most teachers understand the situation and quickly put an end to this habit.

Diabetes mellitus: If your child suffers from diabetes, you may also suffer from diseases such as polyuria, polyphagia (eating more than usual), polydipsia (drinking more fluids than usual), and weight loss .

Diabetes insipidus: the diabetes insipidus is not a very common cause of frequent urination. 
If your child suffers from this type of diabetes, he probably suffers from a deficiency of vasopressin (ADH hormone). 
In this case, the child drinks a lot, urinates a lot and often.

Urinary Tract Infection: A very common cause, also in women, urinary tract infections are a reason for frequent urination. 
If the child suffers from urinary tract infections, then he does not only suffer from frequent urination but also complains of:

Micturition dysfunction:Frequent urination in children also occurs because of this disease in which some children do not empty their bladder completely because they want to return to play soon.

Vulvovaginitis: Vulvovaginitis  (or inflammation around the vaginal area) may be a cause of frequent urination.


Frequent urination during pregnancy

Since a new life is growing in the womb, a pregnant woman should:

  • Increase fluid intake,
  • Follow some dietary guidelines.

There is a need to ensure that the fetus receives all the nutrients. 
Because of these lifestyle changes during pregnancy, several changes occur in the body. 
These include:

  • Increased blood volume,
  • Increased cardiac output.

As blood volume increases, the kidneys should work harder to expel the waste. 
This causes an increase in the production of urine , which causes frequent urination. 
If the pelvic floor muscles weaken, symptoms such as loss of urine during coughingor sneezing may appear . 
The second trimester is the time when women may not have the urge to urinate often. 
This is due to the fact that during the second trimester, the uterus moves higher up. 
Later, the uterus must grow to accommodate fetal growth. 
As a result, it exerts a lot of pressure on the pelvic region . 
During the third quarter:

  • The baby moves further down,
  • The pressure on the bladder increases considerably.

During this period, the bladder is subjected to increased pressure. 
For this reason, women are more likely to suffer from frequent urination during pregnancy.


What to do for frequent urination during pregnancy?

In relation to urination, the best precaution is not to drink liquids that have diuretic properties. 
It is absolutely necessary to avoid:

  • Tea,
  • Café,
  • Alcohol,
  • Carbonated drinks.

Women should never make the mistake of reducing their intake of water or other liquids to prevent increased urinary frequency during pregnancy. 
Reducing fluid intake can cause dehydration .


Frequent urination at night

Causes and Treatment

There are many causes of nocturia . They are listed below along with the treatments:

Diabetes mellitus: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common causes of frequent urination. 
One of the symptoms of diabetes is the need to urinate frequently at night.

Treatment : Diabetes is a serious disease. Diabetics should reduce their sugar levels with the doctor’s recommended treatment and by changing their diet.

Diabetes insipidus: Diabetes insipidus alone is not a very frequent cause of excessive urination. 
However, when this disease occurs, nocturia can be one of the few noticeable symptoms. 
In this case, the patient drinks a lot and the urine is transparent.

Treatment : There is currently no hormone replacement therapy available for diabetes insipidus. 
However, some medications may help patients, for example diuretics like hydrochlorothiazide (Moduretic). 
It is also very important to drink plenty of water because patients with diabetes insipidus dehydrate very easily.

Prostate Diseases: In men, prostate disorders are a major cause of nocturia. 
Disorders of the prostate include:

  • Increased prostate,
  • Benign prostatic hypertrophy,
  • Prostate cancer.

Treatment: Treatment for prostate disorders is a long and complicated process. Appropriate tests are necessary to confirm the exact disease that affects the prostate, ie it is necessary to determine whether there is benign hypertrophy related to age or prostate cancer. 
So the treatment is different depending on the disease.

Remedies: Pumpkin seeds are an excellent remedy for people who wake up at night to urinate. 
It is sufficient to eat two teaspoons of pumpkin seeds every night before going to bed. 
It is also advisable to urinate immediately before bedtime.

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