Babies’ parents can easily tell if their child has a rash or runny nose , but ear infectionscan manifest only with symptoms that are difficult to identify. 
However, three quarters of children under the age of 3 develop otitis.

According to Jennifer Shu (pediatrician and editor of the American Academy of Pediatrics Baby & Child Health of Atlanta ,USA), the most common cause of otitis in children is a cold . 
When the mucus reaches the middle ear, viruses or bacteria can cause:

  • An infection,
  • A swollen or reddish ear .

Children younger than 3 years are prone to ear infections for two reasons:

  • They have weak immune systems because they have not yet been exposed to contact with harmful microorganisms.
  • Newborns and young children have horizontal Eustachian tubes (canals that connect the middle ear to the throat) and thus the mucus accumulates instead of descending into the pharynx by the force of gravity.

 

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Earache in children

Pain in one or both ears in infants and children is caused by several reasons, especially in case of inflammation or infection of:

  • Inner ear,
  • Ear average,
  • Outer ear.

Breast milk helps prevent infections and therefore breastfeeding is important if possible.

In infants and young children who do not yet speak, it can be difficult to see that the child suffers from ear pain.

In these situations the child:

  • Crying, crying worsens when the child is lying down,
  • It is irritable,
  • He touches his ears,
  • You have a high fever ,
  • It has secretions by the ear,
  • It presents a hearing loss ,
  • Has difficulty sleeping ,
  • It presents loss of appetite ,
  • Vomiting .

If the child has these symptoms, it should be taken to the pediatrician.

Some natural and home remedies useful for reducing ear pain in children:

 

Olive oil

There is no scientific evidence on the effectiveness of olive oil in the treatment of ear pain, but according to the American Academy of Pediatrics it can help reduce pain and itching . 
It can be applied this way:

  • Tilt your head toward your healthy ear.
  • Pour a few drops of oil at room temperature into the ear canal of the diseased ear.

Alternatively, it is possible to use the almond oil.

 

Nasal washes , if the baby has also cooled, nasal lavage can relieve ear pain.

  • Fill a container with 40 cc of warm water,
  • Pour one teaspoon of coarse salt,
  • Bend your back forward,
  • Turn your head to one side,
  • With a teapot “Neti pot” , pour the salt water into the upper nostril,
  • Wait for the water to flow out through the lower nostril by the force of gravity,
  • Turn your head and repeat on the other side.

 


Treatment for ear pain

Treatment for young children

  • From 6 months to 2 years, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)recommends that you wait and see what happens. 
    Avoid antibiotics if your child is not seriously ill. 
    However, at this age, if the diagnosis of ear infection is right, the doctor recommends antibiotics .
  • If the child is older than 2 years, the doctor usually advises avoiding antibiotics.

According to the AAP, parents can wait 48 to 72 hours; if your child does not improve at this time, they may give you antibiotics.

 

Antibiotic
An examination with a specialist for ear pain identifies the cause: ear canal infection is usually bacterial and is treated with antibiotics .

Analgesics
For ear pain, your doctor usually prescribes:

  • Analgesic drugs such as acetaminophen (acetaminophen) to relieve the discomfort associated with these diseases.
  • Non -steroidal anti-inflammatories such as ibuprofen (Alivium) or aspirin may reduce inflammation .

If these medicines do not work, your doctor may prescribe:

  1. Cortisone ,
  2. Injections of botulinum toxin to reduce temporomandibular joint pain in the case of bruxism .

Semi-standing position (45º) to rest; if the child lies in bed, there is a risk of supporting the head over the sore ear.

Natural remedies or remedies for ear pain?

A study of Tel Aviv University [1] in 171 children aged 5 to 18 years shows the effects of different treatments for otitis media . 
Patients from the trial were divided into groups to which they were given:

  • Drops with natural herbal extracts (5 drops, 3 times a day), including:
    • Allium sativum (garlic),
    • Verbascum thapsus (verbasco),
    • Calender,
    • Hypericum perforatum (hipérico),
    • Lavender,
    • Vitamin E in olive oil.
  • Drops with herbal extracts and the antibiotic Amoxicillin (80 mg / kg body weight),
  • Topical anesthetic drops and antibiotics,
  • Drops with topical anesthetic alone.

Results : 
All groups had a significant improvement in ear pain in 3 days. 
Patients who had only taken the drops with extracts of herbs had a better response than those who also took amoxicillin.

However, the results show that in 80% of cases the pain decreased regardless of the treatment . 
So it is enough to wait to heal. 
However, medications can be used to reduce pain. 
If the parents of the children insist, the doctor can advise this useful natural remedy.

 

Bibliografia
[1] Sarrell EM, Cohen HA, Kahan E. – – Pediatric and Adolescent Ambulatory Community Clinic of the General Health Services, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

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